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Get to Know the Common Dutch Verbs

Example
English List
Dutch List
The Common Dutch Verbs
More about Verbs

Example

Gaan click to hear 'to go' is a strong verb:
gaan
to go
- ging
went
- gegaan
gone
click to hear 2
it has a vowel change for the past tense, and even a consonant change: - but it is not as irregular as its English equivalent

Overview
gaan to go
ik ga I go
wij gaan we go
ik ging I went
wij gingen we went
ik ben gegaan I have gone
click to hear the 'gaan' page
In the simple present tense, the fist person singular ('I') form is the verb 'stem.' The second and third person singular ('you' and 'he/she/it') verb forms for almost all verbs add T's:

simple present tense
gaan to go
ik ga I go
jij gaat you go (singular, informal you)
hij gaat he goes
wij gaan we go
jullie gaan you go (plural, informal you)
zij gaan they go
U gaat you go (polite you)
click to hear 2

Gaan, gaat  and ga  all have a 'long A' click to
 hear. As you'd expect, double A is 'long,' but why is the A in ga  long? Dutch spelling & pronunciation rules say that a single vowel as the last letter of a syllable is 'long,' while a single vowel followed by a consonant at the end of a syllable is 'short' (hear 'short A:' click to hear) A syllable ending in a vowel is called 'open' while a syllable ending in a consonant is called 'closed.'
(de) la click to hear drawer
laat click to hear late, not in/on time
lat click to hear slat, small wooden board
late (la-te) click to hear late, not in/on time
more: The Beauty and Logic of Dutch Spelling

When the verb comes before the personal pronoun, like in question mode, the verb form for the second person singular is the verb stem, does not get a T-ending:

ga ik? am I going?
ga jij? are you going?
gaat hij? is he going?
gaan wij? are we going?
gaan jullie? are y'all going?
gaan zij? are they going?
gaat U? are you going?
click to hear

In the simple past tense there is just one verb form for the singular and one for the plural:

simple past tense
(gaan) to go
ik ging I went
jij ging you went
hij ging he went
wij gingen we went
jullie gingen y'all went
zij gingen they went
U ging you went
click to hear 2

Verbs Flashcards Test

English List

to be  to be (passive voice)  to become  to borrow  to break, crack  to bring  to buy  'can'  to come  to cover  to cry, weep  to cut (w/ knife)  to cut (w/ scissors)  to distribute // to divide  to do  to drink  to drive  to drop  to eat  to escape, flee  to fall  to find  to fly  to get, collect  to get, receive  to give  to go  to grab, catch  to grab, catch  to have  to hear  to hit, slap  to hold  to hope  to jump  to kick  to know (people)  to know (things)  to lay  to let, allow  to lie (down)  to lie, tell lies  to lift  to like, to love  to listen  to live, reside  to loan  to look  to look like  to love, to like  to make  'may'  to move (body)  'must'  to paste, glue  to pay  to play  to pray  to pull  to push  to put  to read  to remain, stay,  to rent, lease  to rest  to ride  to ride a bicycle  to rub  to run (1)  to run (2)  to say  to search  to see  to sell  to shake  to shout  to show  to sit, be sitting  to speak  to stand  to start, begin  to stroll, hike  to swim  to take  to talk  to tell  to throw  'it turns out'  to understand (ideas)  to understand (what's said)  to walk  to want to, desire  to wash  'will, shall'  to work  to write 

Dutch List

Bedekken  Beginnen  Begrijpen  Betalen  Bewegen  Bidden  Blijken  Breken  Brengen  Blijven  Doen  Drinken  Duwen  Eten  Fietsen  Gaan  Geven  Gooien  Grijpen  Halen  Hardlopen Hebben  Hopen  Horen  Houden  Houden van  Huilen  Huren  Kennen  Kijken  Knippen  Komen  Kopen  Krijgen  Kunnen  Laten  Laten Vallen  Laten Zien  Leggen  Lenen  Lezen  Liegen  Liggen  Lijken  Lopen  Luisteren  Maken  Moeten  Mogen  Nemen  Optillen  Plakken  Praten  Rennen  Rijden  Rusten  Schoppen  Schreeuwen  Schrijven  Schudden  Slaan  Snijden  Spelen  Spreken  Springen  Staan  Trekken  Vallen  Verdelen  Verkopen  Vertellen  Verstaan  Vinden  Vliegen  Vluchten  Wandelen  Wassen Werken  Weten  Willen  Wonen  Worden  Wrijven  Zeggen  Zetten  Zien  Zijn  Zitten  Zoeken  Zullen  Zwemmen 

The Common Dutch Verbs

Komen click to hear 'to come' is a strong verb:

komen
to come
- kwam
came
- gekomen
come
click to hear

komen to come
ik kom I come
wij komen we come
ik kwam I came
wij kwamen we came
ik ben gekomen I have come
click to hear the 'Komen' page

In the present tense, komen click to hear has a 'short O' click to hear in the singular, but a 'long O' click to hear in the plural - that's common with A in the past tense of strong verbs, but a vowel change in the present tense is very unusual. I can't think of another verb that does that.
Like almost all strong verbs with an A in the past tense, that A is a 'short A' click to hear in the singular, but a 'long A' click to hear in the plural


Gaan click to hear 'to go' is a strong verb:

gaan
to go
- ging
went
- gegaan
gone
click to hear 2
it has a vowel change for the past tense, and even a consonant change: - but it is not as irregular as its English equivalent

gaan to go
ik ga I go
wij gaan we go
ik ging I went
wij gingen we went
ik ben gegaan I have gone
click to hear the 'gaan' page


Blijven click to hear 2 'to stay, remain, keep, continue' is a strong verb:

blijven
to stay
- bleef
bleef
- gebleven
stayed
click to hear

blijven to stay
ik blijf I'm staying
wij blijven we're staying
ik bleef I stayed
wij bleven we stayed
ik ben gebleven I have stayed
click to hear the 'Blijven' page
the F/V and Z/S shift


Worden click to hear 2 is the auxiliary verb for the passive voice in Dutch ('to be' in English) but it can also mean 'to become.' 'Worden' is a strong verb:

worden
to become
to be
- werd
became
was/were
- geworden
became
been
*
click to hear 2

worden ~ to become
ik word I'm becoming
wij worden we're becoming
ik werd I became
wij werden we became
ik ben geworden I have become
click to hear the 'Worden' page


Beginnen click to hear 'to start, begin' is a strong verb:

beginnen
to begin, start
- begon
began
- begonnen
begun
click to hear 2

beginnen to begin, start
ik begin I'm beginning
wij beginnen we're beginning
ik begon I began
wij begonnen we began
ik ben begonnen I have begun
click to hear 2 3 more


Krijgen click to hear is 'to get' - to receive, acquire, to be given - often without any or little effort, like presents, or 'by itself,' it just happens. See also Halen click to hear 2 below
'Krijgen' is a strong verb:

krijgen
to get
- krijgen
got
- gekregen
got
click to hear

krijgen to get
ik krijg I get
wij krijgen we get
ik kreeg I got
wij kregen we got
ik heb gekregen I have gotten
click to hear 2 the 'Krijgen' page


Geven click to hear 2 3 'to give' is a strong verb:

geven
to give
- gaf
gave
- gegeven
given
click to hear

geven to give
ik geef I give
wij geven we give
ik gaf I gave
wij gaven we gave
ik heb gegeven I have given
click to hear 2 the 'Geven' page
For almost all strong verbs with an A in the past tense that A is a 'short A' click to hear in the singular, but a 'long A' click to hear in the plural


Nemen click to hear 'to take' is a strong verb:

nemen
to take
- nam
took
- genomen
taken
click to hear

nemen to take
ik neem I take
wij nemen we take
ik nam I took
wij namen we took
ik heb genomen I have taken
click to hear 2 the 'Nemen' page
For almost all strong verbs with an A in the past tense that A is a 'short A' click to hear in the singular, but a 'long A' click to hear in the plural


Halen click to hear 2 'to get, collect, obtain, acquire' (think of 'to haul') with some effort, some action required.
'Krijgen' click to hear can also be translated as 'to get,' but it is usually with less effort, like presents, 'to be given' see also Krijgen above and the 'Krijgen' page

Halen click to hear 2 is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

halen to get
ik haal I get
wij halen we get
ik haalde I got
wij haalden we got
ik heb gehaald I have gotten
click to hear 2 the 'Halen' page


Brengen click to hear 2 'to bring' is a strong verb:

brengen
to bring
- bracht
brought
- gebracht
brought
click to hear

brengen to bring
ik breng I bring
wij brengen we bring
ik bracht I brought
wij brachten we brought
ik heb gebracht I have brought
click to hear 2 the 'Brengen' page


Houden click to hear 2 3 4 to 'hold,' 'to keep' is a strong verb:

houden
to 'hold'
- hield
held
- gehouden
held
click to hear

houden to hold
ik houd I'm holding
wij houden we're holding
ik hield I held
wij hielden we held
ik heb gehouden I have held
click to hear The 'Houden' page

'Houden' is most often found as
Houden van click to hear 'to love, to like'

houden van to love, to like
ik houd van I love
wij houden van we love
ik hield van I loved
wij hielden van we loved
ik heb gehouden van I have loved
click to hear more 'houden van'


Laten click to hear is often combined with other verbs, in the meaning of to 'let,' allow, or 'make' etc. The other verb will be in the infinitive form and without 'te' - more
Laten can also appear 'by itself,' without other verbs, and can then also mean 'to let,' allow, or sometimes it's translated as 'to leave, leaving.'
Laten is a strong verb:

laten
to 'let'
- liet
let
- gelaten
let
click to hear

laten to 'let,' allow
ik laat I let
wij laten we let
ik liet I let
wij lieten we let
ik heb gelaten I have let
click to hear 2 the 'Laten' page

Laten Zien click to hear 2 ['to let see'] - to show

laten zien to show
ik laat zien I'm showing
wij laten zien we're showing
ik liet zien I showed
wij lieten zien we showed
ik heb laten zien I have shown
click to hear more

Laten Vallen click to hear 2 ['to let fall'] - to drop

laten vallen to drop
ik laat vallen I drop
wij laten vallen we drop
ik liet vallen I dropped
wij lieten vallen we dropped
ik heb laten vallen I have dropped
click to hear more


Maken click to hear 'to make'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

maken to make
ik maak I make
wij maken we make
ik maakte I made
wij maakten we made
ik heb gemaakt I have made
click to hear 2 the 'Maken' page


Zetten click to hear The Dutch verb zetten  is like English 'to put' - its main meaning is to place or position something (or sometimes a person) somewhere.
Zetten easily combines with various prepositions keeping most of its original meaning.
Zetten click to hear 'to put' (etc.) is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

overview
zetten to put
ik zet I'm putting
wij zetten we're putting
ik zette I put
wij zetten we put
ik heb gezet I have put
click to hear 2 the 'Zetten' page


Lijken click to hear to look like,' meaning 'appear to be in a certain way,' 'giving an impression of' or 'noting a similarity, a resemblance' - often as lijken op click to hear 2 3
Lijken is a strong verb:

lijken
to look like
- leek
looked like
- geleken
looked like
click to hear
lijken ~to look like
't lijkt it looks like
ze lijken they look like
't leek it looked like
ze leken they looked like
't heeft geleken it (has) looked like
click to hear 2 more


Blijken click to hear does not have a clear equivalent in English. It means something like being found different from a first impression. I usually translate it as 'to turn out.' Maybe you could also use 'come to light.'
Blijken click to hear is a strong verb:
blijken / bleek / gebleken click to hear

blijken ~to turn out
het blijkt it turns out
ze blijken 'they turn out'
het bleek it turned out
ze bleken 'they turned out'
het is gebleken it has turned out
click to hear 2 3 4 more
't Is gebleken click to hear 2 It has turned out ... It has come to light ...


Zijn click to hear ('to be') is a very common Dutch verb, and like most often-used verbs it is rather irregular.
Zijn  is the auxilary verb for the perfect tenses of a minority of Dutch verbs.
Zijn  is a strong verb:

zijn
to be
- was
was
- geweest
been
click to hear

zijn to be
ik ben I am
wij zijn we are
ik was I was
wij waren we were
ik ben geweest I have been
click to hear 2 the 'Zijn' page

simple present tense
zijn to be
ik ben I am
jij bent you are(singular, informal you)
hij is he is
wij zijn we are
jullie zijn you are(plural, informal you)
zij zijn they are
U bent you are(polite you)
click to hear


Doen click to hear 2 3 'to do' is a strong verb

doen
to do
deed
did
gedaan
done
click to hear

doen to do
ik doe I do
wij doen we do
ik deed I did
wij deden we did
ik heb gedaan I have done
click to hear 2 the 'Doen' page


Hebben click to hear 'to have' - and also the auxiliary verb for the perfect tenses of a majority of Dutch verbs is a somewhat irregular and strong verb:

hebben
to have
- had
had
- had
gehad
click to hear

hebben to have
ik heb I have
wij hebben we have
ik had I had
wij hadden we had
ik heb gehad I have had
click to hear 2 the 'Hebben' page

simple present tense
hebben to have
ik heb I have
jij hebt you have(singular, informal you)
hij heeft he has
wij hebben we have
jullie hebben you have(plural, informal you)
zij hebben they have
U heeft you have(polite you)
click to hear


Zeggen' click to hear 2 3 'to say' is a strong verb:

zeggen
to say
- zei
said
- gezegd
said
click to hear

'Zeggen' has an unusual change from a vowel to a diphthong in the past tense and an also unusual added D in the plural of the past tense. It's somewhat like the English.

zeggen to say
ik zeg I say
wij zeggen we say
ik zei I said
wij zeiden we said
ik heb gezegd I have said
click to hear the 'Zeggen' page


Spreken click to hear 'to speak' is a strong verb:

spreken
to speak
- sprak
spoke
- gesproken
spoken
click to hear

overview
spreken to speak
ik spreek I speak
wij spreken we speak
ik sprak I spoke
wij spraken we spoke
ik heb gesproken I have spoken
click to hear the 'Spreken' page
For almost all strong verbs with an A in the past tense that A is a 'short A' click to hear in the singular, but a 'long A' click to hear in the plural


Praten click to hear 'to talk, to chat'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

praten to talk, to chat
ik praat I 'm talking
wij praten we're talking
ik praatte I was talking
wij praatten we were talking
ik heb gepraat I have been talking
click to hear 2 3 4 the 'Praten' page
Note that the plurals of the simple present and the simple past tense are written differently but pronounced the same:
wij praten click to hear 2 'we are talking'
wij praatten click to hear 2 'we were talking'


Vertellen click to hear 2 'to tell'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

vertellen to tell
ik vertel I tell
wij vertellen we tell
ik vertelde I told
wij vertelden we told
ik heb verteld I have told
click to hear 2 more


Zien click to hear 'to see' is a strong verb

zien
to see
- zag
saw
- gezien
seen
click to hear

zien to see
ik zie I see
wij zien we see
ik zag I saw
wij zagen we saw
ik heb gezien I have seen
click to hear 2 the 'Zien' page
For almost all strong verbs with an A in the past tense that A is a 'short A' click to hear in the singular, but a 'long A' click to hear in the plural


Kijken click to hear 'to look' is a strong verb:

kijken
to look
- keek
looked
- gekeken
looked
click to hear

kijken to look
ik kijk I am looking
wij kijken we are looking
ik keek I looked
wij keken we looked
ik heb gekeken I have looked
click to hear the 'Kijken' page


Horen click to hear 2 'to hear'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

horen to hear
ik hoor I hear
wij horen we hear
ik hoorde I heard
wij hoorden we heard
ik heb gehoord I have heard
click to hear the 'Horen' page


Luisteren click to hear 'to listen'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

luisteren to listen
ik luister I am listening
wij luisteren we are listening
ik luisterde I was listening
wij luisterden we were listening
ik heb geluisterd I have been listening
click to hear 2 more


Weten click to hear - to know things, to have knowledge of -
Weten is a strong verb, meaning it has a vowel change for the past tense - and weten also has a consonant change in the past tense

weten
to know
-
-
wist
knew
-
-
geweten
known
click to hear 2

weten to know
ik weet I know
wij weten we know
ik wist I knew
wij wisten we knew
ik heb geweten I have known
click to hear 2 the 'Weten' page


Kennen click to hear means 'to know' in the sense of means 'to know people' and 'to be familiar with, know of things'
'Kennen' is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

kennen to know (people)
ik ken I know
wij kennen we know
ik kende I knew
wij kenden we knew
ik heb gekend I have known
click to hear the 'Kennen' page


Mogen click to hear 2 'may, to be allowed to' is a rather irregular strong verb:

mogen
'may'
- mocht
'might'
- gemogen
allowed
click to hear

mogen 'may,' 'to be allowed to'
ik mag 'I may'
wij mogen 'we may'
ik mocht 'I might'
wij mochten 'we might'
(ik heb gemogen I was allowed)
click to hear the 'Mogen' page

simple present tense
mogen 'may,' to be allowed to
ik mag 'I may'
jij mag 'you may' (singular, informal you)
hij mag 'he may'
wij mogen 'we may'
jullie mogen 'you may' (plural, informal you)
zij mogen 'they may'
U mag 'you may' (polite you)
click to hear

It's a bit like English that doesn't say 'he mays'


Moeten click to hear 2 (to Have to, 'be obliged to,' 'Ought to,' 'Should,' 'Must') is a very unusual strong verb: it's not the vowel/diphthong that changes for the past tense, but a consonant is added (I can't think of any other Dutch strong verb that only has a consonant change)

moeten
to have to
- moest
had to
- (gemoeten)
had to
click to hear

moeten to have to (etc.)
ik moet I have to
wij moeten we have to
ik moest I had to
wij moesten we had to
click to hear 2 the 'Moeten' page


Zullen' click to hear is the auxiliary verb for the Dutch future tense: 'will, shall' - it's a strong verb

zullen will, shall
ik zal I will
wij zullen we will
ik zou I would
wij zouden we would
click to hear 2 3 the 'Zullen' page - 2

simple present tense
(zullen click to hear ) shall/will
ik zal I will/shall
jij zult you will (singular, informal you)
hij zal he will
wij zullen we will/shall
jullie zullen you will (plural, informal you)
zij zullen they will
U zult you will (polite you)
click to hear
Jij zal click to hear 2 ('you will') and U zal are also said
Note that there is no T in jij zal and hij zal


Willen click to hear 2 'to want, wish, desire, would like to'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

willen to want (etc.)
ik wil I want
wij willen we want
ik wilde I wanted
wij wilden we wanted
ik heb gewild I have wanted
click to hear the 'Willen' page

The Simple Present Tense:

willen to want
ik wil I want
jij wilt you (singular, informal) want
hij wil he wants
wij willen we want
jullie willen you (plural, informal) want
zij willen they
U wilt you (polite) want
click to hear
Do notice that there is no T for the third person singular: hij wil click to hear 2 3 but there is the regular T for the second person singular je wilt click to hear 2


Kunnen click to hear 'can,' to be able to, to be possible, to be allowed to is a rather irregular strong verb

kunnen
'can'
- kon
could
- (gekund)
(been able)
click to hear

kunnen 'can,' 'to be able to'
ik kan I can
wij kunnen we can
ik kon I could
wij konden we could
(ik heb gekund) I have been able to
click to hear the 'Kunnen' page

The Simple Present Tense:
kunnen 'can,' 'to be able to'
ik kan I can
jij kunt you (singular, informal you) can
hij kan he can
wij kunnen we can
jullie kunnen you (plural, informal you) can
zij kunnen they can
U kunt you (polite you) can
click to hear
'Jij kan' click to hear 2 and 'U kan' are also correct.
Note that the present tense has no T-ending for third person singular and in the 'alternate' for the second person singular - like English also doesn't say 'he cans.'


Zoeken click to hear 2 'to search, to seek' is a strong verb:

zoeken
to search,
to seek
- zocht
searched,
sought
- gezocht
searched,
sought
click to hear 2
The related English 'to seek' became the more formal word for 'trying to find,' but Dutch 'zoeken' is still the general word

zoeken to search, to seek
ik zoek I'm searching
wij zoeken we're searching
ik zocht I searched, I sought
wij zochten we searched, we sought
ik heb gezocht I have searched, I have sought
click to hear 2 the 'Zoeken' page


Vinden click to hear 2 'to find' can mean 'to find,' locate something, often an item that was lost or that you're looking for, but it can also mean 'to think,' stating an opinion
Vinden is a strong verb:

vinden
to find
- vond
found
- gevonden
found
click to hear

vinden to find
ik vind I find
wij vinden we find
ik vond I found
wij vonden we found
ik heb gevonden I have found
click to hear 2 the 'Vinden' page


Begrijpen click to hear 'to understand'
English 'To understand' has a double meaning. It can mean 'to know the how or why of something' - in Dutch that is begrijpen click to hear Begrijpen is a strong verb:

begrijpen
to understand
- begreep
understood
- begrepen
understood
click to hear

begrijpen to understand
ik begrijp I understand
wij begrijpen we understand
ik begreep I understood
wij begrepen we understood
ik heb begrepen I have understood
click to hear more


Verstaan click to hear 2 'to understand'
English 'to understand' can also mean 'to hear what is said.' In Dutch, that is 'verstaan' click to hear 2. It is also used in the meaning 'to understand a foreign language.'
'Verstaan' is a strong verb:

verstaan
to understand
- verstond
understood
- verstaan
understood
click to hear 2

verstaan to understand, hear what is said
ik versta I understand
wij verstaan we understand
ik verstond I understood
wij verstonden we understood
ik heb verstaan I have understood
click to hear 2 more


Eten click to hear 'to eat' is a strong verb:

eten
to eat
- at
ate
- gegeten
eaten
click to hear
Like almost all strong verbs with an A in the simple past tense, that A is a short A click to hear in the singular, but a long A click to hear in the plural

eten to eat
ik eet I'm eating
wij eten we're eating
ik at I ate
wij aten we ate
ik heb gegeten I have eaten
click to hear 2 the 'Eten' page
See also: Eating and Drinking, Food and Drink


Drinken click to hear 'to drink' is a strong verb:

drinken
to drink
- dronk
drank
- gedronken
drunk
click to hear

drinken to drink
ik drink I drink
wij drinken we drink
ik dronk I drank
wij dronken we drank
ik heb gedronken I have drunk
click to hear the 'Drinken' page
See also: Drinks and Eating and Drinking, Food and Drink


Lezen' click to hear 2 3 'to read' is a strong verb:

lezen
to read
- las
read
- gelezen
read
click to hear
(It's the English that's more problematic here)
For almost all strong verbs with an A in the past tense that A is a 'short A' click to hear in the singular, but a 'long A' click to hear in the plural

lezen to read
ik lees I read
wij lezen we read
ik las I read
wij lazen we read
ik heb gelezen I have read
click to hear the 'Lezen' page
the F/V and Z/S shift


Schrijven click to hear 2 3 'to write' is a strong verb:

schrijven
to write
- schreef
wrote
- geschreven
written
click to hear
Note that CH in SCHR is not pronounced

schrijven to write
ik schrijf I write
wij schrijven we write
ik schreef I wrote
wij schreven we wrote
ik heb geschreven I have written
click to hear the 'Schrijven' page
the F/V and Z/S shift


Bidden click to hear 'to pray' is a strong verb:

bidden
to pray
- bad
prayed
- gebeden
prayed
click to hear
For almost all strong verbs with an A in the past tense that A is a 'short A' click to hear in the singular, but a 'long A' click to hear in the plural

bidden to pray
ik bid I prqy
wij bidden we pray
ik bad I prayed
wij baden we prayed
ik heb gebeden I have prayed
click to hear 2 more


Hopen click to hear 2 3 'to hope'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

hopen to hope
ik hoop I hope
wij hopen we hope
ik hoopte I hoped
wij hoopten we hoped
ik heb gehoopt I have hoped
click to hear 2 the 'Hopen' page


Huilen click to hear 'to cry, shed tears'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

to cry
ik huil I'm crying
wij huilen we're crying
ik huilde I cried
wij huilden we cried
ik heb gehuild I have cried
click to hear more


Schreeuwen click to hear 'screaming, shouting, making loud noise'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more
Note that CH in SCHR is not pronounced

schreeuwen to shoyut
ik schreeuw I'm shouting
wij schreeuwen we're shouting
ik schreeuwde I shouted
wij schreeuwden we shouted
ik heb geschreeuwd I have shouted
click to hear more


Kopen click to hear 'to buy' is a strong verb:

kopen
to buy
- kocht
bought
- gekocht
bought
click to hear

kopen to buy
ik koop I buy
wij kopen we buy
ik kocht I bought
wij kochten we bought
ik heb gekocht I have bought
click to hear the 'Kopen' page


Huren click to hear to rent, lease, hire
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

huren to rent, lease
ik huur I'm renting
wij huren we're renting
ik huurde I rented
wij huurden we rented
ik heb gehuurd I have rented
click to hear more


Betalen click to hear 'to pay'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

betalen to pay
ik betaal I pay
wij betalen we pay
ik betaalde I paid
wij betaalden we paid
ik heb betaald I have paid
click to hear 2 3 4 more


Lenen click to hear 2 'to borrow // to lend'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

lenen to borrow // to lend
ik leen I borrow
wij lenen we borrow
ik leende I borrowed
wij leenden we borrowed
ik heb geleend I have borrowed
click to hear 2 more


Verkopen click to hear 'to sell' is a strong verb like its root 'kopen' - above

verkopen to sell
ik verkoop I'm selling
wij verkopen we're selling
ik verkocht I sold
wij verkochten we sold
ik heb verkocht I have sold
click to hear 2 more


Verdelen click to hear 2 3 to divide // to distribute
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

verdelen to divide // to distribute
ik verdeel I divide // distribute
wij verdelen we divide // distribute
ik verdeelde I divided // distributed
wij verdeelden we divided // distributed
ik heb verdeeld I have divided // distributed
click to hear 2


Lopen click to hear 2 is from the same root as English 'to leap,' but meaning changed Lopen 'to walk' is a strong verb:

lopen
to walk
- liep
walked
- gelopen
walked
click to hear 2

'Lopen'   can sometimes be better translated as 'to hike' or even 'to run'

overview
lopen to walk
ik loop I'm walking
wij lopen we're walking
ik liep I walked
wij liepen we walked
ik ben gelopen I have walked
ik heb gelopen I have walked
click to hear 2 the 'Lopen' page

hardlopen click to hear 2 3 ["to walk fast"] - 'to run' .

hardlopen to run
ik loop hard I run
ik liep hard I ran
ik heb hardgelopen I have run
click to hear 2 3 more


Rennen click to hear 2 'to run' often has a sense of hurry, rushing

rennen to run
ik ren I run
wij rennen we run
ik rende I ran
wij renden we ran
ik heb gerend
ik ben gerend
I have run
click to hear more


Wandelen click to hear to stroll, hike, walk
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more
(The verb stem wandel ends in 'voiceless E' followed by a consonant. 'Voiceless E' will remain voiceless E, a single vowel, and the consonant is not doubled.)
For heb/ben see

wandelen to stroll
ik wandel I stroll
wij wandelen we stroll
ik wandelde I strolled
wij wandelden we strolled
ik heb gewandeld
ik ben gewandeld
I have strolled
click to hear more


Fietsen click to hear 2 'to ride a bicycle' is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

fietsen to ride a bicycle
ik fiets I'm riding a bicycle
wij fietsen we're riding bicycles
ik fietste I rode a bicycle
wij fietsten we rode bicycles
ik ben gefietst
ik heb gefietst
I have ridden a bicycle
click to hear much more


Springen click to hear 2 3 'to jump' (to spring?) is a strong verb:

springen
to jump
- sprong
jumped
- gesprongen
jumped
click to hear

springen to jump
ik spring I jump
wij springen we jump
ik sprong I jumped
wij sprongen we jumped
ik heb gesprongen
ik ben gesprongen
I have jumped
click to hear


Zwemmen click to hear 'to swim' is a strong verb:

zwemmen
to swim
- zwom
swam
- gezwommen
swum
click to hear

zwemmen to swim
ik zwem I swim
wij zwemmen we swim
ik zwom I swam
wij zwommen we swam
ik heb gezwommen
ik ben gezwommen
I have swum
click to hear more


Rijden click to hear 2 'to ride // to drive' is a strong verb:

rijden
to ride/to drive
- reed
rode/drove
- gereden
ridden/driven
click to hear
Rijden click to hear 2 can mean both 'to drive' (be in control of a vehicle) or 'to ride' (as a passenger or a bicycle or a horse - (het) paard click to hear 2)

rijden to ride // to drive
ik rijd I'm riding/driving
wij rijden we're riding/driving
ik reed I rode/drove
wij reden we rode/drove
ik heb gereden
ik ben gereden
I have ridden/driven
click to hear 2 the 'Rijden' page


Vliegen click to hear 'to fly' is a strong verb:

vliegen
to fly
- vloog
flew
- gevlogen
flown
click to hear 2

vliegen to fly
ik vlieg I'm flying
wij vliegen we're flying
ik vloog I flew
wij vlogen we flew
ik heb gevlogen
ik ben gevlogen
I have flown
click to hear 2


Vluchten click to hear 'to flee, escape'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

vluchten to flee, escape
ik vlucht I'm fleeing
wij vluchten we're fleeing
ik vluchtte I escaped
wij vluchtten we escaped
ik ben gevlucht I have fled
click to hear


Bewegen click to hear 2 3 'to move' (your body) is a strong verb:

bewegen
to move
- bewoog
moved
- bewogen
moved
click to hear

bewegen to move (your body)
ik beweeg I move
wij bewegen we moved
ik bewoog I moved
wij bewogen we moved
ik heb bewogen I have moved
click to hear more

To 'move' as going to live in another house, in another place or country is verhuizen click to hear 2 3 - more


Zitten click to hear 'to sit, be sitting' is a strong verb:

zitten
to sit
- zat
sat
- gezeten
sat
click to hear

zitten to sit, be sitting
ik zit I'm sitting
wij zitten we're sitting
ik zat I sat
wij zaten we sat
ik heb gezeten I have sat
click to hear 2 the 'Zitten' page
For almost all strong verbs with an A in the past tense that A is a 'short A' click to hear in the singular, but a 'long A' click to hear in the plural


Staan click to hear 'to stand' is a strong verb:

staan
to stand
- stond
stood
- gestaan
stood
click to hear 2

staan to stand
ik sta I'm standing
wij staan w're standing
ik stond I stood
wij stonden we stood
ik heb gestaan I have stood
click to hear 2 the 'Staan' page


Wonen click to hear 2 'to live, reside'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

wonen to live, reside
ik woon I live
wij wonen we live
ik woonde I lived
wij woonden we lived
ik heb gewoond I have lived
click to hear more
English 'to live' meaning 'to be alive' or 'to exist' is leven click to hear 2 - more - 2


Liggen click to hear 2 'to lie (down)' is a strong verb:

liggen
to lie down
- lag
lay
- gelegen
lain
click to hear

to lie down
ik lig I'm lying down
wij liggen we're lying down
ik lag I lay down
wij lagen we lay down
ik heb gelegen I have lain down
click to hear the 'Liggen' page
For almost all strong verbs with an A in the past tense that A is a 'short A' click to hear in the singular, but a 'long A' click to hear in the plural


Leggen click to hear 'to lay'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

leggen to lay
ik leg I lay
wij leggen we lay
ik legde I laid
wij legden we laid
ik heb gelegd I have laid
click to hear 2 more


Liegen click to hear 'to lie, tell untruths, say what is not' is a strong verb:

liegen
to lie
- loog
lied
- gelogen
lied
click to hear

liegen to lie, tell lies
ik lieg I lie
wij liegen we lie
ik loog I lied
wij logen we lied
ik heb gelogen I have lied
click to hear more


Duwen click to hear 'to push'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

duwen to push
ik duw I push
wij duwen we push
ik duwde I pushed
wij duwden we pushed
ik heb geduwd I have pushed
click to hear complete conjugation


Trekken click to hear 2 3 'to pull' is a strong verb:

trekken
to pull
- trok
pulled
- getrokken
pulled
click to hear

trekken to pull
ik trek I pull
wij trekken we pull
ik trok I pulled
wij trokken we pulled
ik heb getrokken I have pulled
click to hear full conjugation


Optillen click to hear 'to lift, to lift up'
- a splitting verb
of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

optillen to lift
ik til op I'm lifting
wij tillen op we're lifting
ik tilde op I lifted
wij tilden op we lifted
ik heb opgetild I have lifted
click to hear more


Gooien click to hear 'to throw'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

gooien to throw
ik gooi I'm throwing
wij gooien we're throwing
ik gooide I threw
wij gooiden we threw
ik heb gegooid I have thrown
click to hear


Grijpen click to hear 'to grab, to catch, to get hold of' is a strong verb:

grijpen
to grab
- greep
grabbed
- gegrepen
grabbed
click to hear

grijpen to grab
ik grijp I'm grabbing
wij grijpen we're grabbing
ik greep I grabbed
wij grepen we grabbed
ik heb gegrepen I have grabbed
click to hear more


Vallen click to hear 'to fall' is a strong verb:

vallen
to fall
- viel
fell
- gevallen
fallen
click to hear

vallen to fall
ik val I'm falling
wij vallen we're falling
ik viel I fell
wij vielen we fell
ik ben gevallen I have fallen
click to hear the 'Vallen' page


Schudden click to hear 'to shake'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

schudden to shake
ik schud I shake
wij schudden we shake
ik schudde I shook
wij schudden we shook
ik heb geschud I have shaken
click to hear


Slaan click to hear 2 'to hit, slap' is a strong verb:

slaan
to slap, hit
- sloeg
slapped, hit
- geslagen
slapped, hit
click to hear

slaan to slap
ik sla I slap
wij slaan we slap
ik sloeg I slapped
wij sloegen we slapped
ik heb geslagen I have slapped
click to hear more


Schoppen click to hear 'to kick'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

schoppen to kick
ik schop I kick
wij schoppen we kick
ik schopte I kicked
wij schopten we kicked
ik heb geschopt I have kicked
click to hear sample sentences


Breken click to hear 'to crack, break' is a strong verb:

breken
to crack,
to break
- brak
cracked,
broke
- gebroken
cracked,
broken
click to hear

breken to break
ik breek I break
wij breken we break
ik brak I broke
wij braken we broke
ik heb gebroken I have broken
click to hear


Snijden click to hear 2 'to cut (with a knife)' is a strong verb:

snijden
to cut (w/ knife)
- sneed
cut
- gesneden
cut
click to hear

snijden to cut (w/ knife)
ik snij(d) I'm cutting
wij snijden we're cutting
ik sneed I was cutting
wij sneden we were cutting
ik heb gesneden I have cut
click to hear complete conjugation


Knippen click to hear 'to cut (with scissors)'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

to cut (w/ scissors)
ik knip I'm cutting
wij knippen we're cutting
ik knipte I was cutting
wij knipten we were cutting
ik heb geknipt I have cut
click to hear complete conjugation


Plakken click to hear 'to paste, glue'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

plakken to paste, glue
ik plak I paste
wij plakken we paste
ik plakte I pasted
wij plakten we pasted
ik heb geplakt I have pasted
click to hear


Wassen click to hear 2 'to wash, to launder'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is (usually) -T - more

wassen to wash
ik was I'm washing
wij wassen we're washing
ik waste I washed
wij wasten we washed
ik heb gewassen I have washed
click to hear more - 2 - See also


Wrijven click to hear 2 'to rub' - W before R is pronounced as V - is a strong verb:

wrijven
to rub
- wreef
rubbed
- gewreven
rubbed
click to hear

wrijven to rub
ik wrijf I'm rubbing
wij wrijven we're rubbing
ik wreef I rubbed
wij wreven we rubbed
ik heb gewreven I have rubbed
click to hear the F/V and Z/S shift


Bedekken click to hear 2 'to cover'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

bedekken to cover
ik bedek I cover
wij bedekken we cover
ik bedekte I covered
wij bedekten we cover
ik heb bedekt I have covered
click to hear


Werken click to hear 'to work'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

werken to work
ik werk I work
wij werken we work
ik werkte I worked
wij werkten we worked
ik heb gewerkt I have worked
click to hear more


Spelen click to hear 'to play'
is a weak verb of the non-'t kofschip click to hear class: verb stems not ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -DE and -DEN and its past participle ending is -D - more

spelen to play
ik speel I'm playing
wij spelen we're playing
ik speelde I played
wij speelden we played
ik heb gespeeld I have played
click to hear 2 more


Rusten click to hear 2 'to rest'
is a weak verb of the 't kofschip click to hear class: verb stems ending in T, K, F, S, CH and P have simple past endings -TE and -TEN and its past participle ending is -T - more

rusten to rest
ik rust I'm resting
wij rusten we're resting
ik rustte I rested
wij rustten we rested
ik heb gerust I have rested
click to hear more - 2
The simple past tense plural has a double T, while the simple present tense plural has one T - but there is no difference in pronunciation

Verbs Flashcards Test

Read More about Verbs

Introduction to Dutch Verbs

The Verb Stem

The Simple Present Tense

The Simple Past Tense

The Perfect Tenses

The Changes of Strong Verbs

The Future Tense

The Passive Voice

A Dutch Continuous/Progressive

Reflexive Verbs

Verbs Combined and 'Te'

Verb Irregularities Refresher

Splitting Verbs


More Good Dutch Smartphone Pages

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Gij zult niet stelen click to hear 'Thou shalt not steal'