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Dutch Verb 'Hebben' (to have) - Smartphones Page

Conjugation
Sample Lines

Hebben   click to hear 'to have' - and also the auxiliary verb for the perfect tenses of a majority of Dutch verbs is a somewhat irregular and strong verb:

hebben
to have
- had
had
- had
gehad
click to hear

overview
hebben to have
ik heb I have
wij hebben we have
ik had I had
wij hadden we had
ik heb gehad I have had
click to hear 2

simple present tense
hebben to have
ik heb I have
jij hebt you have(singular, informal you)
hij heeft he has
wij hebben we have
jullie hebben you have(plural, informal you)
zij hebben they have
U heeft you have(polite you)
click to hear
Do note that B at the end of a word is pronounced as P, but as B in the middle of a word.

'U hebt' click to hear is also said. (B is also pronounced as P before T.)

simple past tense
(hebben) to have
ik had I had
jij had you had
hij had he had
wij hadden we had
jullie hadden y'all had
zij hadden they had
U had you had
click to hear
Do note that D at the end of a word is pronounced as T, but as D in the middle of a word.

the perfect tenses
Ik heb gehad click to hear I have had
Ik had gehad click to hear 2 I had had

Sample Lines

English 'to have' and Dutch 'hebben' are rather similar. They can mean 'to own, be in possession of' or refer to various attributes (like 'having a headache') and in both languages they are the auxiliary verb for the past tense - though some Dutch verbs take 'zijn' ('to be') for the perfect tense (list)
That makes things quite complicated for native speakers of English, but we'll save that for later - 1 - 2
ik heb een boek click to hear 'I have (own) a book'
also: 'I have a book at hand'
ik heb een boek gekocht click to hear 2 I have bought a book

ik heb gefietst click to hear 2 I have ridden my bike
ik heb gegeten click to hear I have eaten
ik heb geschreven click to hear 2 I have written
ik heb gezocht click to hear 2 I have sought, looked for
ik had gehoopt ... click to hear I had hoped ...

ik heb een fiets
jij hebt een fiets
hij heeft een fiets
wij hebben een fiets
jullie hebben een fiets
zij hebben een tandem
U heeft een fiets
click to hear
(I have a bicycle)
(you have a bicycle)
(he has a bicycle)
(we have a bicycle)
(you have a bicycle)
(they have a tandem bicycle)
(you have a bicycle)
heb ik een fiets?
heb jij een fiets?
heeft hij een fiets?
hebben wij een fiets?
hebben jullie een fiets?
hebben zij een fiets?
heeft U een fiets?
click to hear
(do I have a bicycle?)
(do you have a bicycle?)
(does he have a bicycle?)
(do we have a bicycle?)
(do you have a bicycle?)
(do they have a bicycle?)
(do you have a bicycle?)

Geluk click to hear hebben click to hear is literally 'to have luck' - but it's better translated as 'to be lucky.'

ik heb geluk I am lucky
jij hebt geluk you are lucky
hij heeft geluk he is lucky
wij hebben geluk we are lucky
jullie hebben geluk y'all are lucky
zij hebben geluk they are lucky
click to hear

je hebt geluk gehad click to hear 2 3 you've been lucky

heb ik geluk? am I lucky?
heb jij geluk? are you lucky?
heeft hij geluk? is he lucky?
hebben wij geluk? are we lucky?
hebben jullie geluk? are y'all lucky?
hebben zij geluk? are they lucky?
click to hear

U heeft geluk you are lucky(polite)
heeft U geluk? are you lucky?
click to hear

als je geluk hebt ... click to hear 2 3 if you're lucky ...

(Het) 'geluk' click to hear 2 can mean 'luck' (fate favoring you) but it can also mean 'happiness, bliss' - though both the word and the sentiment are bit old-fashioned. Dutchmen also tend to use the English word 'happy' instead of Dutch gelukkig click to hear 2 3

"Vrijheid blijheid" click to hear 2 'freedom (brings along) happiness' "Vroeger was geluk heel gewoon" click to hear 2 'In the past, happiness was quite common'

The opposite of (het) 'geluk' click to hear is (de) 'pech' click to hear 2

je hebt pech click to hear 2 you're having bad luck hij heeft te veel pech click to hear 2 he has too much bad luck, he's accident-prone

A crash, an 'accident' is (het) ongeluk click to hear 2 - though you should rather use the word (de) botsing click to hear 2 ('collision.')

jij hebt een hond click to hear you have a dog
ze hebben drie kinderen click to hear they have three children
heb je een auto? click to hear do you have a car?
heeft Jan een auto? click to hear 2 3 does John have a car?
hij heeft geen auto click to hear he doesn't have a car
heb je genoeg water? click to hear 2 do you have enough water?
ik heb koorts click to hear I have a fever
je hebt koorts click to hear You have a fever' (informal 'you')
heb je koorts? click to hear Do you have a fever? (informal 'you')
heeft U koorts? click to hear 2 Do you have a fever? (polite 'you')
ik heb pijn click to hear 2 [I have a pain] I am in pain
heb je hoofdpijn? click to hear 2 do you have a headache? >>
ik heb hoofdpijn click to hear 2 I have a headache
ik heb geen hoofdpijn click to hear I [have no] don't have a headache
heb je honger? click to hear ['do you have hunger?'] are you hungry?
ik heb honger click to hear ['I have hunger'] I am hungry
ik heb dorst click to hear ['I have thirst'] I am thirsty

ik had een kater click to hear 2 3 I had a hangover (de) kater click to hear 2 can also mean: 'male cat, tomcat'

ik had een wapenbroeder click to hear I had a brother-in-arms

ik had geen werk click to hear I did not have [work] a job

we hebben een goed jaar gehad click to hear we [have] had a good year

jullie hebben je in hem vergist click to hear 2 You were mistaken about him

ze hebben jullie onwaarheden verteld click to hear 2 they've told you guys [untruths] lies

ze hebben weinig gereedschap click to hear they have few tools

ze hebben weinig muziek click to hear they have little music

ze hebben weinig gemeen click to hear they have little in common

ik heb er genoeg van click to hear 2 [I've had enough (of it)] - I'm sick and tired of it

dat hebben we een tijd niet gehad click to hear 2 we haven't had that for a while (usually it means a food not eaten in a long time)

'Aan hebben'  refers to clothes a person 'has on'
Ik heb geen schoenen aan click to hear 2 3 4 I don't have shoes on Ze heeft niks aan click to hear 2 She has nothing on, she's not dressed Op sommige stranden heeft niemand wat aan click to hear 2 3 4 On some beaches, nobody is wearing anything

The phrase 'iets hebben aan' click to hear 2 3 is used when to someone:
Ik heb er niks aan click to hear 2 3 4 5 It's not useful to me, it's of no use to me Daar heeft niemand wat aan click to hear 2 3 4 [That's of use to nobody] - That's of no use to anyone Maar als ik heel snel praat, daar heeft niemand wat aan click to hear slow But if I speak very quickly, that's not of use to anybody Wat heb je eraan? click to hear 2 3 [What is its use to you?] - Is it useful to you? Wat heb je d'r aan? click to hear 2 [What is its use to you?] - Is it useful to you? (a D is inserted because the pause in 'je-er' takes more energy)
Heb je er wat aan? click to hear 2 3 4 5 Is it of (any) use to you, is it useful to you? Heb je d'r wat aan? click to hear 2 Is it of use to you? Is it useful?

iets hebben met ... click to hear 2 3 'to have something with ...' - a special relation with, a special talent for/with, a great liking of Hij heeft iets met katten click to hear 2 3 He likes cats very much, he has a special talent dealing with cats ('he is cat whisperer')

't hebben over click to hear 2 3 talking about (something, someone) Hij weet waar-(d)ie het over heeft click to hear 2 He knows what he's talking about
(a D may be inserted for ease of pronunciation)
Hij weet niet waar-die het over heeft click to hear 2 3 He doesn't know what he's talking about - he knows very little about the subject or he is completely wrong about it Ze heeft het vaak over jou click to hear 2 3 4 She often talks about you Hij heeft 't er vaak over click to hear 2 3 He often talks about it Ik had 't er laatst nog over met Jan click to hear 2 I was talking with John about it the other day

'Te maken hebben met' click to hear 2 3 means 'having to do with,' 'being a factor in,'  'being involved' - 'being connected'

't Heeft met de temperatuur te maken click to hear 2 It has to do with the temperature

But when the item or factor involved is not mentioned but 'placeholders' are used instead, met click to hear changes to mee click to hear - Dutch 'placeholders' with prepositions are er click to hear 'it'
daar click to hear 'that'
waar click to hear 'what'

De vochtigheid heeft er ook mee te maken click to hear 2 The humidity is also involved in it Misschien heeft 't daar ook mee te maken click to hear 2 3 Maybe it has to do with that too, maybe it's connected, related to that (is there a connection?) Ik wil er niks mee te maken hebben click to hear 2 3 I don't want to have anything to do with it, I don't want to get involved with it

een hekel hebben aan click to hear 2 to dislike strongly, detest, loathe Ik heb een hekel aan roddelen click to hear I have a great dislike of gossip, I really dislike gossip Als ik ergens een hekel aan heb is het aan leugens click to hear 2 3 If there is [something] one thing that I hate it is lies Als ik ergens een hekel aan heb is het aan mensen die liegen click to hear 2 If there is [something] one thing that I hate it is people that tell lies

gelijk hebben click to hear 2 to be right, correct Je hebt gelijk click to hear You are right (informal, singular 'you') Je hebt gelijk gekregen click to hear It turns out you were right Je hebt helemaal gelijk click to hear 2 You're absolutely right U heeft helemaal gelijk click to hear You're absolutely right (polite 'you') Daar heb je gelijk mee click to hear 2 3 You're right about that Hij heeft ergens wel gelijk click to hear 2 3 4 He is partly right, he's correct in some aspects Ik blijf erbij dat hij gelijk heeft click to hear 2 3 4 [I remain of the opinion] - I am still convinced that he is right Je hebt niet altijd gelijk click to hear 2 3 You're not always right More about Gelijk

(het) hebbeding click to hear a must-have (item)

the perfect tense - << Zijn - 'to be'

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Gij zult niet stelen click to hear 'Thou shalt not steal'