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[A Dutch flag on the edge of a puddle of water]
colors, materials
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meals
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bicycles
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animals
[a variety of items]
more

Conversation Words: What to Talk about in Dutch (In Development)

The Weather
Grammar
Sports
The News, Politics
Related pages with More Phrases and Conversation Pieces:
Basic - Speaking Dutch - Weather - Travel - Sleep
Eating and Drinking - Jobs and Lines of Work
The Senses - Using Words - 'What I Want' - Fun Things to Say
Sayings, Standard Phrases - Conversations, Letters
Thesaurus Pages: Time - Life - Change

Weather

't weer
weerbericht,
weersverwachting
hear
the weather
weather report,
weather forecast

regen
wind
hagel
sneeuw
hear
rain
wind
hail
snow

bliksem
donder
onweer
storm
hear
lightning
thunder
thunderstorm
gale, high winds
regen
regendruppel
regenbui
hear - 2
rain
raindrop
rain shower
regenpijp
regenton
regenwater
hear
rain pipe
rain barrel
rain water
regenjas
regenpak
laarzen
zuidwester
hear - 2
raincoat
'waterproof gear,' jacket & pants
boots
southwester (headgear)
plas
modder
nat
hear - 2
puddle
mud
wet
onweer
bliksem
donder
hear - 2
thunderstorm
lightning
thunder
dakgoot
bliksemafleider
hear - 2
(roof-) gutter
lightning rod
motregen
mist
wolk
hear
drizzle
fog
cloud
zonnig
helder
bewolkt
regenachtig
hear
sunny
clear
cloudy
rainy
regenboog
zonneschijn
schemering
hear
rainbow
sunshine
twilight
De zon schijnt
't Regent
't Vriest
Nachtvorst
't Dooit
hear
The sun is shining
It is raining
It is freezing
Frost at night
[It is thawing] It stopped freezing

[rainbow]
more weather
- 2
[golden raindrops: the Goudenregen Laburnum in bloom]
Goudenregen click to hear "Golden Rain" (Cytisus Laburnum)
An even prettier blue variation is called Blauweregen click to hear ('blue rain.')
[is it raining?]
regent 't? click to hear
[snow]
't sneeuwt click to hear
>> talking about the weather

Weather Expressions

't Is ... mooi weer ... warm ... koud - hear - 2 - It's ... nice weather ... warm ... cold
Weer of geen weer - hear - hear - [Weather or no weather] Rain or shine, In all weather
't Trekt dicht - hear - [It's pulling shut] - Clouds are forming
't Klaart op - hear - 2 - [The sky is clearing
De zon komt door - hear - 2 - The sun is coming [through] out
't Miezert - hear - 2 - [There is a drizzle] - It's miserable weather
Het was zwaar weer - hear - It was [heavy] very bad weather
't Kan vriezen en 't kan dooien - hear - [It may freeze or it may thaw] - Things can go either way
Geen wolkje aan de lucht - hear - 2 - [Not a cloud in the sky] - No problems are expected
Na regen komt zonneschijn - hear - 2 - 3 - 4 - [After rain the sun will come out] - Bad things don't last
De morgenstond heeft goud in de mond - hear - 2 - [The dawn hour has gold in its mouth] - The early bird gets the worm
Als de dagen lengen, gaan de nachten strengen - hear - As the days get longer, the nights will get more severe (i.e. colder)
De stilte voor de storm - hear - The quiet before the storm (also figuratively)
't Regent pijpenstelen - hear - [The rain is like pipe stems] Very heavy rain
Wat een hondeweer! - hear - Such miserable [dog's] weather!
Maart roert z'n staart click to hear 2 [March is wagging its tail] Bad weather at the end of March

Grammar

Dutchmen love to talk about (Dutch) grammar. Many drinking and eating establishments carry a copy of Maf van Waen's Standaard Grammatika (van Het Nederlands) - hear - 2 - to settle disputes among clients about fine points of grammar. (No need to look for it in a bookshop or on eBay, it's not for sale to the public.)
Like our present-day restaurant critics, Van Waen never had his portrait published. He wanted to mingle among the people anonymously to hear them speak freely, collecting material and continuously updating his Grammatika. Always deferring to the speech of the common people, treasuring and polishing the rough gems found in the street.
- a new version of grammar terms and names of punctuation marks
grammatica
regels
klemtoon
hear
grammar
rules
stress
onderwerp
gezegde
meewerkend voorwerp
lijdend voorwerp
hear - 2
subject (nominative)
predicate (what's said about the subject)
indirect object (dative - "cooperating item/object")
object (accusative - "suffering item/object")
verbuiging
voorvoegsel
achtervoegsel
uitgang
hear
declension
prefix
suffix
ending
letter
lettergreep
woord
hear - 2
letter, character
syllable
word
regel
zin
paragraaf,
alinea
hoofdstuk
hear
line
sentence
paragraph
paragraph
chapter
, komma
. punt
; puntkomma
: dubbelepunt
hear
comma
period, point
semicolon
colon
? vraagteken
! uitroepteken
( ) haakjes
" " aanhalingstekens
hear
question mark
exclamation mark
parentheses
quote marks
hoofdletter
kleine letter
- streepje
' apostrof
hear
capital letter
undercase letter
hyphen
apostrophe
klinker
medeklinker
tweeklank
hear - 2
vowel
consonant
diphthong
zelfstandig naamwoord
bijvoeglijk naamwoord
bijwoord
hear - 2
noun ("independent name-word")
adjective ("adding-to name-word")
adverb ("secondary, help-word")
lidwoord
bepaald
onbepaald
hear
article
definite ('the')
indefinite ('a')
tijd
enkelvoud
meervoud
hear
tense
singular
plural
werkwoord
sterk
zwak
onregelmatig
hear
verb ("work-word")
strong
weak
irregular
tegenwoordige tijd
verleden tijd
onvoltooid
voltooid
hear
present (time)
past (time)
imperfect ('unfinished')
perfect ('finished')
onbepaalde wijs
voltooid deelwoord
lijdende vorm
hear - 2
the infinitive
past participle
the passive ("suffering mode")
voorzetsel
persoonlijk voornaamwoord
bezittelijk voornaamwoord
hear
preposition
personal pronoun
possessive pronoun
geslacht
mannelijk
vrouwelijk
onzijdig
hear - 2
gender
male
female
neutral
'de'-woorden
'het'-woorden
hear
nouns with 'de'
nouns with 'het'
vergrotende trap
overtreffende trap
hear
comparative degree
superlative
(de) woordvolgorde click to hear 2 word order
(de) zinsbouw click to hear 2 syntax, word order
(de) gebiedende wijs click to hear 2 3 'imperative' >>
(de) vervoeging click to hear 2 'conjugation' (verbs)
(de) verbuiging click to hear 2 3 'declension' (nouns, adjectives, pronouns)
@ apenstaartje (apestaartje) click to hear at-sign # matje click to hear 2 pound sign, hash mark
& en-teken click to hear 2 ampersand _ liggend streepje click to hear 2 underscore
Dutch uses the word tijd click to hear ('time') for the tenses of the verb:
(de) tegenwoordige tijd click to hear 2 3 '(the) present tense'
(de) verleden tijd click to hear 2 3 4 '(the) past tense'
de toekomende tijd click to hear 2 'the future tense'
- or with more precision:
onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd click to hear 2 (ott click to hear) ['unfinished present time'] 'simple (imperfect) present tense'
- I have (ik heb click to hear) - I am (ik ben click to hear 2 )
onvoltooid verleden tijd click to hear 2 (ovt click to hear) ['unfinished past time'] 'simple (imperfect) past tense'
- I had (ik had click to hear 2) - I was (ik was click to hear)
voltooid tegenwoordige tijd click to hear 2 (vtt click to hear) ['finished present time'] 'perfect present tense'
- I have had (ik heb gehad click to hear) - I have been (ik ben geweest click to hear)
voltooid verleden tijd click to hear 2 (vvt click to hear) ['finished past time'] 'perfect past tense'
- I had had (ik had gehad click to hear 2) - I had been (ik was geweest click to hear 2)
voltooid deelwoord click to hear 'past participle'

Grammar Learning Dutch? - Lesson 1 Pronunciation

Sports

(de) sport click to hear 2 sport, sports - sporten click to hear 2 to do sport, engage in sports
[a brown and a dotted soccer ball]
't Is weer bruin of gespikkeld click to hear 2 3 - twee ballen click to hear
[It's brown or dotted again] Soccer time!
[swimming]
zwemmen click to hear
schaatsen
wielrennen
zwemmen
voetbal
hear
skating
bicycling
swimming
soccer
kaatsen
kegelen
korfbal
hear
(proto-baseball)
(a kind of bowling)
(co-ed proto-basketball)
hockey
ijshockey
hear
lawn hockey
(ice) hockey
wedstrijd
voetbalveld
bal
doel
doelpunt
hear
game, match
soccer field
ball
goal
goal!
elftal
speler
aanvoerder
doelman
spits
hear - 2
(1 - 2)
team (11)
player
captain
goalkeeper
forward
winnen
verliezen
aanvallen
verdedigen
hear

verbs

to win
to lose
to attack
to defend
scheidsrechter click to hear 2 referee
grensrechter click to hear 2 side ref
trainer (Engl.) click to hear 2 coach
hear 3
buiten spel
overtreding
strafschop
vrije trap
hear
off-side
foul
penalty
free kick
goud click to hear 2 gold
zilver click to hear 2 3 silver
brons click to hear bronze
Encouragement: "Zet 'm op!" click to hear 2 'Do your best, go for it!'
"Hup Willem!" click to hear 2 'William - do your best, go for it!'
afzien click to hear 2 3 by itself making a great and exhausting effort, like in sports or exercise ‑>>
Dat was afzien! click to hear 2 3 That was quite an effort! I'm exhausted

English words like 'goal!' and 'keeper' are more common than the Dutch words. There is no Dutch word for 'trainer/coach' or 'hands!'
In the small teams of street soccer, you might find the vliegende kiep click to hear 2 ('flying goalie') who may leave the goal area.
In my home town, some people called soccer 'sjotteren met een bledder' click to hear which must be a corruption of shoot a bladder. At my elementary school, 'bledder' was the word we used for 'soccer ball.' It's not common Dutch. I assume Englishmen brought the beautiful game to my home town.
(de) blessure click to hear 2 ('sports injury') - hij is geblesseerd click to hear 2 ("he has sustained a sports injury") - medical page
verlenging click to hear 2 ('extra time, extension') - verlengen click to hear 2 3 ('to extend')
(de) marathon click to hear 2 - (de) triathlon click to hear

zwemmen click to hear to swim - see also verbs below
Ik ga zwemmen click to hear I'm going [swimming] for a swim Ik wil gaan zwemmen click to hear I want to go [swimming] for a swim Ze wilde gaan zwemmen click to hear 2 3 She wanted to go swimming Ze zwemt snel click to hear She [swims fast] is a fast swimmer Zullen we gaan zwemmen? click to hear 2 Shall we go [swimming] for a swim? Gisteren heb ik gezwommen click to hear Yesterday I was swimming Ik heb leren zwemmen click to hear 2 3 I've learned to swim De rivier was te breed om over te zwemmen click to hear 2 3 The river was too wide to swim across (het) zwembad click to hear 2 swimming pool - (het) zwempak click to hear swimsuit - (de) zwembroek click to hear 2 swimming trunks

schoolslag
breaststroke
vrije slag
freestyle
vlinderslag
butterfly
rugslag
back stroke
click to hear 2
figurative use:
Ik heb geleerd tegen de stroom in te zwemmen click to hear 2 3
Ik heb tegen de stroom in leren zwemmen click to hear 2 3 4 I've learned [to swim against the current] - to go my own way, rebel, not follow current trends, fashion or popular thinking, go against the majority

EnglishDutch
infinitive
simple
present
singular
simple
present
plural
simple
past
singular
simple
past
plural
perfect
tense
to walk (example) I walk we walk I walked we walked I have walked
to walk lopen ik loop wij lopen ik liep wij liepen ik ben/heb gelopen click to hear 2 - >>
to runhardlopen ik loop hard- ik liep hard- ik heb hardgelopen click to hear 2 3
to ride a bicycle fietsen ik fiets wij fietsen ik fietste wij fietsten ik ben/heb gefietst click to hear 2 - >>
to walk, to hike wandelen ik wandel wij wandelen ik wandelde wij wandelden ik heb/ben gewandeld click to hear
to run rennen ik ren wij rennen ik rende wij renden ik heb/ben gerend click to hear
to jump springen ik spring wij springen ik sprong wij sprongen ik heb/ben gesprongen click to hear
to swim zwemmen ik zwem wij zwemmen ik zwom wij zwommen ik heb/ben gezwommen click to hear
to drive; to ride rijden ik rijd wij rijden ik reed wij reden ik heb/ben gereden click to hear 2 >>
to move
(your body)
bewegen ik beweeg wij bewegen ik bewoog wij bewogen ik heb bewogen click to hear
to fly vliegen ik vlieg wij vliegen ik vloog wij vlogen ik heb/ben gevlogen click to hear 2

When a destination is given, Dutch verbs of motion often use 'zijn' (to be) in the perfect tense:


Ik ben naar huis gelopen. click to hear 2 I walked home
Ik ben naar Amsterdam gelopen. click to hear 2 I walked to Amsterdam
Ik heb een uur gelopen. click to hear 2 I walked for an hour
Ik ben naar Veenendaal gefietst. click to hear 2 I rode a bike to Veenendaal
Ik heb een uur gefietst. click to hear 2 I rode a bike for an hour
In other verbs, the use of 'zijn' often indicates the passive form:
Ik heb geschopt. click to hear I kicked (a ball, I hope)
Ik ben geschopt. click to hear I was kicked
(Notice that in most of these examples Dutch uses a perfect tense while English uses an imperfect tense.)

Ik wil gaan wandelen click to hear I want to go for a stroll Morgen wil ik gaan hardlopen click to hear 2 Tomorrow I want to go running We gaan morgen voetballen click to hear Tomorrow we're going to play soccer

zwemmen click to hear swimming
schaatsen click to hear ice skating ‑>>
hardlopen click to hear 2 3 running ‑>>
wielrennen click to hear 2 bicycle racing
English often uses 'to play' for sports and games, like 'to play  soccer,' 'to play  chess,' 'to play  cards' etc. - Dutch has one specific verb for most sports and games: voetballen, schaken, kaarten
voetballen click to hear 2 3 4 to play soccer
tennissen click to hear 2 3 to play tennis
volleyballen click to hear 2 3 to play volleyball
honkballen click to hear 2 3 to play ~baseball
schaken click to hear to play chess
hockeyen click to hear 2 3 to play field hockey
sporten click to hear 2 3 to play sports, exercise
kaarten click to hear to play cards
korfballen click to hear 2 3 to play  'korfbal,' a kind of co-ed basketball
dammen click to hear 2 3 to play a kind of checkers on a 10x10 fields board
[chess pieces]
chess
[playing cards in an antique box and a few dice]
cards and dice

Numbers and Time - Metric and Imperial Dimensions Compared
Hear Names of Dutch sportsmen and -women
De Elfstedentocht the 125-mile skating endurance event
Soccer Fields

News, Politics

nieuws
krant
tijdschrift
artikel
kop
hear
news
newspaper
magazine
article
headline
‑>>
(de) vrijheid
(de) gelijkheid
(de) broederschap
hear - 2
(liberty)
(equality)
(brotherhood)
(de) democratie
(de) verkiezingen
hear

(de) tolerantie
(het) respect
hear

(democracy)
(elections)


(tolerance)
(respect)
werknemer click to hear (employee)
werkgever click to hear (employer)
verkiezingen
stem
stemmen
partij
programma
hear
elections
vote (also: voice)
to vote - more
political party
program
regering
kabinet
minister-president
minister
ministerie
hear - 2
government
cabinet
prime minister
(government) minister
government department
Tweede Kamer
Eerste Kamer
Provinciale Staten
Gemeenteraad
hear - 2
'House of Representatives'
'Senate'
Province Government
City Council
The 'Tweede Kamer' (Second Chamber) is far more important than the 'Eerste Kamer' (First Camber) - actually, the 'Eerste Kamer' is indirectly elected by the Province Governments. Because of the many political parties in Holland, cabinets are always coalitions.
meerderheid
minderheid
coalitie
hear
majority
minority
coalition
links
rechts
progressief
conservatief
hear - 2
left-wing
right-wing
progressive
conservative

(old-fashioned:)
vooruitstrevend
behoudend
hear


progressive
conservative
liberaal
centrum
groen
hear
liberal, libertarian
center
'green'

links click to hear (linkse click to hear 2) left, left-wing
rechts click to hear (rechtse click to hear 2) right, right-wing
de linkse pers click to hear 2 the left-wing media
progressief click to hear 2 progressive, 'left-wing' - vooruitstrevend click to hear 2 progressive (old-fashioned)
conservatief click to hear 2 conservative, 'right-wing' - behoudend click to hear 2 3 conservative (old-fashioned)
(de) linkse rakker click to hear 2 3 (humorous) convinced, committed left-winger
(de) rechtse bal click to hear 2 (humorous) convinced, committed right-winger

more about Dutch elections and government

A Few of The Dutch Newspapers online: 'AD' (Algemeen Dagblad) focus on sports, easiest to read
NRC Handelsblad leaning right
De Volkskrant leaning left
go to Religion

Related pages with More Phrases and Conversation Pieces:
Basic - Speaking Dutch - Weather - Travel - Sleep
Eating and Drinking - Jobs and Lines of Work
The Senses - Using Words - 'What I Want' - Fun Things to Say
Sayings, Standard Phrases - Conversations, Letters
Thesaurus Pages: Time - Life - Change

Everyday Dutch Words for basic conversation and reading
Useful Dutch Words and Phrases for Travelers
Learning Dutch? Lessons (Suggested Method)

[2 books]
media
[glasses, watch, etc.]
necessities
[a fleece jacket]
clothing
[a house]
the house
[a mirror]
beauty
[a fifties radio]
days of old

email - Copyright © Marco Schuffelen 2006. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
Don't be a dief (thief) - dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2