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From Birth to Death: A Few Dutch Words of Life

Life - Phases
Life - '(het) Leven'
To Live, Be Alive - 'Leven'
To Live, Reside - 'Wonen'
Growth, Young and Old
Gebeuren - to Happen, Take Place
Proberen - to Try
Sickness and Death
Challenges

Life - Phases

zwanger click to hear 2
(de) zwangerschap click to hear
pregnant
pregnancy
in verwachting click to hear 2
'in blijde verwachting' click to hear
expecting
'(happily) expecting'
(de) vrouwenarts click to hear
(de) vroedvrouw click to hear 2 3
(de) kraamvrouw click to hear
gynaecologist
midwife
new mother
(de) wee click to hear
weeën click to hear
(de) bevalling click to hear
contraction
contractions
(baby) delivery
(de) ooievaar click to hear stork
(de) geboorte click to hear birth
(de) baby (English) click to hear baby
(de) geboortedatum click to hear 2
(de) geboorteplaats click to hear
(de) verjaardag click to hear
birthdate
birthplace
birthday
>>
(de) doop click to hear
dopen click to hear 2
baptism
to baptize
(het) kind click to hear 2
ouders click to hear
child
parents
see also: Family Tree

(de) leeftijd click to hear 2 3 age ->>
'n klein kind click to hear 2 a small child
(de) peuter click to hear 2 small child, 1-3
(de) dreumes click to hear small child, 1-3
(de) kleuter click to hear toddler, small child, 4-5
(de) tiener click to hear teenager
(de) volwassene click to hear 2 an adult, a grownup
volwassen click to hear adult, grownup
(de) bejaarde click to hear 2 elderly person
bejaard click to hear elderly, ~over 65

(de) crèche (French) click to hear / (het) kinderdagverblijf click to hear 2 'daycare'
(de) peuterspeelzaal click to hear 'preschool, nursery school'
(de) school click to hear 'school' ->>

Ik ben in Nederland geboren click to hear I was born in Holland ->>
Ik ben in Nederland geboren en opgegroeid click to hear I was born and (grew up) raised in Holland
geboren en getogen click to hear 2 3 born and bred
ouden van dagen click to hear 2 3 4 ['olds of days'] a polite phrase for elderly people

Like English 'child,' Dutch kind click to hear 2 has an irregular plural: kinderen click to hear 2 ('children') - plurals ->>

Ze hebben drie kinderen click to hear They have 3 children
Er zijn inmiddels drie kinderen click to hear 2 By now [there are] they have 3 children
Hij is getrouwd en heeft twee kinderen click to hear slow He is married with 2 children
Hoe doen je kinderen het op school? click to hear How are your kids doing at school?
Ik vertelde de kinderen een verhaaltje click to hear 2 I told the children a story

Life - '(het) Leven'

(het) leven click to hear 2 life
leven click to hear 2 to live
levend click to hear alive
levendig click to hear 2 lively
levenslang click to hear 2 life-long; also: life sentence
(de) levensverzekering click to hear life insurance
in levensgevaar click to hear 2 in [life] mortal danger
levensgevaarlijk click to hear 2 very dangerous

(het) bestaan click to hear 2 3 existence
(de) roeping click to hear 2 3 "calling"
(het) levenswerk click to hear Magnum Opus, life's work
(het) stilleven click to hear 2 still life (painting)

samen click to hear together ->>
(De) samenleving click to hear 2 'society' - people living together in a somewhat ordered community, like the whole world or a country.
Also: (de) maatschappij click to hear 2 'society,' but this word can also mean 'company, commercial business'
'Company' as people with you is (het) gezelschap click to hear 2 which, like in English, can also mean a group of people come together for arts, making music or staging plays etc. in goed gezelschap click to hear
in good company

To Live, to Be Alive - 'Leven'

English 'to live' and Dutch leven click to hear 2 usually mean something like 'to be alive' or 'to exist.' Dutch (het) leven is the noun 'life.' For 'live' music Dutch uses the English word 'live.'

Leven je ouders nog? click to hear Are your parents still alive?
Leven en laten leven click to hear 2 Live and let live
De mens kan niet alleen van brood leven click to hear Man cannot live by bread alone
Van de hand in de tand leven click to hear 'Living hand to [tooth] mouth' (on very little money)
Hoop doet leven click to hear [Hope makes you live] Hope fuels life
We leven nog click to hear 2 3 'We're still alive (It was a dfficult time but we survived)
overleven click to hear 2 3 to survive
We hebben 't overleefd click to hear We have survived (it - a challenge)
Er zouden geen overlevenden zijn click to hear 2 It was said there were no survivors
't Leven gaat door click to hear 2 Life goes on (moving on after a loss)
twee jaar van m'n leven click to hear 2 two years of my life
de mooiste tijd van m'n leven click to hear 2 the [most beautiful] best [time] years of my life
't Gebeurt maar eens in je leven click to hear 2 It happens only once in your life
'Hij wil z'n leven beteren' click to hear 2 3 does not mean simply 'He wants to improve his life' or 'He wants to do better' but it specifically means 'he' wants to move his life away from crime and/or bad behavior towards a more decent, moral attitude
Ik word geleefd click to hear ['I'm being lived'] - I'm so busy with other things there's no time for myself
Tijd van leven click to hear 2 3 'Time to live' - the time to enjoy life, doing your own thing

To Live, to Reside - 'Wonen'

But English 'to live' can also mean 'to reside,' referring to the place where you live. For that meaning, Dutch uses the verb wonen click to hear 2
See also: House
wonen
to reside, 'live'
- ik woon
I 'reside'
- wij wonen
we 'reside'
- ik woonde
I 'resided'
- wij woonden
we 'resided'
- ik heb gewoond
I have 'resided'
click to hear

(de) woning click to hear 2 3 official, bookish word for 'house' - 'dwelling, residence'
'onbewoonbaar verklaarde woning' click to hear 2 3 [house declared unlivable] condemned building, officially declared unfit for habitation
Ik woon in Amerika click to hear I live in the US
samenwonen click to hear 2 (a couple) living together (without being married)
Woon je ver van je werk? click to hear Do you live far from your work?
Hij woont dicht bij het museum click to hear He lives close to the museum
Ik heb tot m'n 37ste in Nederland gewoond click to hear 2
(zevenendertigste)
I lived in Holland till age 37
De mensen die naast ons wonen click to hear The people (who live) next door (to us)
We wonen nog maar kort hier click to hear 2 We've only been living here or a short time
Hij woont thuis click to hear 2 "He lives at home" - said of adults living with their parents
Likewise: Bij ons thuis click to hear 2 ['At our home'] - it usually refers to the parents' home when the speaker was a child
Ze blijft in Nederland wonen click to hear 2 3 [She'll remain living in The Netherlands] - She'll stay in Holland

'Verhuizen' click to hear 2 3 usually means 'to move house,' go live in another house, in another place or country. Occasionally it can mean to help someone move house, either as a friend or professionally. In the perfect tense there is a clear difference: Ik ben verhuisd click to hear 2
I have moved (I live in another house, place, country now)
Ik heb verhuisd click to hear 2
I have helped someone move

verhuizen
to move
- ik verhuis
I'm moving
- wij verhuizen
we're moving
- ik verhuisde
I moved
- wij verhuisden
we moved
click to hear 2
Lang nadat we verhuisd waren click to hear 2 Long after we had moved

Die man gaat verhuizen click to hear 2 That guy is going to move
(Hij heeft z'n hand al ingepakt click to hear He's already packed his hand)
- Jokey coment on a guy with a hand in his pocket

Otherwise, English 'to move' is bewegen click to hear 2 3 - with 'moving your body' often the reflexive zich bewegen click to hear 2 - like for (mild) exercise. It's a strong verb:

bewegen
to move
- bewoog
moved
- bewogen
moved
click to hear
bewegen
to move
- ik beweeg
I'm moving
- wij bewegen
we're moving
- ik bewoog
I moved
- wij bewogen
we moved
- ik heb bewogen
I have moved
click to hear
Like its English equivalent 'movement' the Dutch word (de) beweging click to hear 2 3 4 can be either the movement of a body or a group of people pursuing some goal.
(de) leermeester bewegingsleer click to hear 2 ~mobility teacher
meer bewegen! click to hear do more exercise
Beweeg je niet! click to hear Do not move! Freeze!
De minuutwijzer beweegt bijna niet meer click to hear slow The minutes hand hardly moves anymore ‑>>

Growth, Young and Old

(de) groei click to hear growth groeien click to hear 2 to grow
jong click to hear young jong/jonge click to hear 2
oud click to hear 2 old oud/oude click to hear

in m'n jonge jaren click to hear 2 3 'in my younger years, when I was younger'
de jeugd van tegenwoordig click to hear 2 the young people of today
Jong geleerd, oud gedaan click to hear 2 3 4 ['learned young, still doing it at old age'] what's learned young will still be easy at old age
Ik word oud click to hear 2 I'm getting old
Ik ben wel oud, maar toch niet zo oud click to hear 2 I may be old, but I'm not that old
Op m'n oude dag click to hear 2 in my old [day] age
(de) levensavond click to hear 2 [life's evening] old age
De tijd zal 't leren click to hear 2 Time will [teach] tell
De tand des tijds click to hear 2 3 4 'The tooth of time'] - decay due to age (human and general)
Met de ouderdom komen de gebreken click to hear 2 '[With] In old age defects appear'
Daar ben ik te oud voor click to hear 2 I'm too old for that
Oud en de dagen zat click to hear 2 3 Old and tired of the days
But: 'Ik ben weer de oude' click to hear 2 ['I'm the old one again'] - 'I'm back to normal'
een onbezorgde oude dag click to hear 2 3 a worry-free, carefree old [day] age

Gebeuren - to Happen

gebeuren click to hear to happen, occur, take place
(de) gebeurtenis click to hear event, incident
(het) voorval click to hear 2 event, incident
't gebeurde click to hear it happened
't gebeurt click to hear it happens (unfortunately)
Zulke dingen gebeuren click to hear Things like that happen (unfortunately)
't Is gebeurd click to hear 2 [It has happened] - usually this means: 'The job is done'
't Kan gebeuren click to hear 2 It [can] may happen, things like that happen
Wat is er gebeurd? click to hear 2 3 What [has] happened?
Wat gebeurde er toen je twintig was? click to hear What happened when you were 20? (talking about an important event)
Hij vertelde mij wat er gebeurd was click to hear He told me what [had] happened
Hij vertelde hun wat er gebeurd was click to hear 2 He told them what [had] happened
Ik wil weten wat er gebeurd is click to hear 2 3 I want to know what [has] happened
Ik wil precies weten wat er gebeurd is click to hear 2 3 I want to know exactly what happened
Ik wil weten wat er precies gebeurd is click to hear 2 3 I want to know what exactly happened
Ik moet toch weten wat er gebeurt in de wereld click to hear 2 3 I [have to] want to know what's happening, going on in the world (following the news)
Weet je al wanneer 't gaat gebeuren? click to hear 2 3 Do you (already) know when it's going to happen? (a big event like a move or a sugery)
Zij denkt dat 't nog gaat gebeuren click to hear She thinks it's still going to happen
't Kan elk moment gebeuren click to hear 2 3 It can happen any moment, anytime
't Gebeurt maar eens in je leven click to hear 2 It happens just once in your life(time)
Er schijnt iets gebeurd te zijn click to hear 2 3 4 It looks like something happened
Er is iets heel ergs gebeurd click to hear 2 3 4 Something [very] really bad happened
Er moet nog zoveel gebeuren! click to hear 2 3 There's still so much that needs to [happen] be done!
Also:  Er moet nog zoveel gedaan worden! click to hear 2 There's still so much that needs to be done!
Hoe kan 't gebeuren? click to hear 2 How can it happen, how is it possible? (puzzled, frutstrated)
't Mag nooit meer gebeuren click to hear 2 3 We can't allow it to ever happen again, never again!
't Had niet mogen gebeuren click to hear 2 It shouldn't have happened
't Zal niet meer gebeuren click to hear 2 3 4 It won't happen again (promising better behavior)
Wat zou er gebeuren? click to hear 2 What would happen?
Ik wilde dat 't nooit gebeurd was click to hear I wish it had never happened
Ik wou dat 't nooit gebeurd was click to hear 2 I wish it had never happened
Sedert jaren vraag ik my af, waartoe zulke dingen dienen, en ik sta verbaasd over de onbeschaamdheid waarmede een dichter of romanverteller u iets op de mouw durft spelden, dat nooit gebeurd is, en meestal niet gebeuren kan. click to hear For years already I've wondered what the good of those things is, and I'm amazed at the [shamelessness] impudence of poets and novelists spinning their tales of things that never happened, and usually cannot really happen.
from Multatuli: 'Max Havelaar' ‑>>

(De) beurt click to hear is a person's 'turn' in a game (or in a line) ‑>>

Wie is er aan de beurt? click to hear Whose turn is it? Who's Next?
Ben ik aan de beurt? click to hear Is it my turn?

meemaken click to hear 2 is a bit hard to translate. It means 'to experience, to be present at, take part in, to witness' but those are not commons word in English. I translate it here as 'happen to you,' or 'to see'

Heb je wel eens zo-iets meegemaakt? click to hear 2
Heb je zo-iets wel eens meegemaakt? click to hear Have you ever experienced something like that? Has it ever happened to you? Dat heb ik nog nooit meegemaakt click to hear That has never happened to me Dat ik dit nog mee mag maken click to hear 2 [That I still can see this] - Amazing (or unexpected) that I still came to this experience, that I lived to see this (de) ervaring click to hear experience

Proberen - to Try

proberen click to hear - to try, to attempt
proberen
to try
- ik probeer
I'm trying
- wij proberen
we are trying
- ik probeerde
I tried
- wij probeerden
we tried
- ik heb geprobeerd
I have tried
click to hear 2
Ik probeer Nederlands te leren click to hear I'm trying to learn Dutch
Ik heb geprobeerd Nederlands te leren click to hear 2 3 I have tried to learn Dutch
Ik probeer stress te vermijden click to hear 2 3 I'm trying to avoid stress
Ik probeer om tien uur in bed te liggen click to hear 2 I try to [lie down] be in bed by 10 O'clock
Probeer niet te hoesten click to hear 2 Try not to cough
Probeer niet te vloeken click to hear 2 Try not to curse
Probeer wakker te blijven click to hear Try to stay awake
Probeer 't eenvoudig te houden click to hear 2 Try to keep it simple
Probeer 't nog eens click to hear 2 3 [Try it one more time] - Try it again
Probeer eens wat anders click to hear 2 3 (4) Do try something different sometime
Ik probeerde te fluiten click to hear 2 3 I tried to whistle
Ik heb geprobeerd te fluiten click to hear 2 3 I have tried to whistle
Hij probeerde de kist op te tillen click to hear 2 3 He tried to lift the wooden box
Ik heb geprobeerd te helpen click to hear 2 I have tried to help
Ik heb geprobeerd te zwijgen click to hear I have tried to stay silent, not to speak up
Ik heb geprobeerd de vogels te horen click to hear 2 3 I have tried to hear the birds
Ik heb gisteren in Amsterdam geprobeerd een visum te krijgen click to hear 2 3 Yesterday I've tried to get a visa in Amsterdam
Ik ga morgen in Amsterdam proberen een visum te krijgen click to hear 2 3 Tomorrow I'll try to get a visa in Amsterdam
Hij gaat 't proberen click to hear He's going to try [it]
Ik blijf 't proberen click to hear 2 3 4 I keep trying [it]
(de) poging click to hear 2 attempt, try
Dit is de derde poging click to hear 2 This is the 3rd attempt, 3rd try
See also Verbs Combined and 'Te'

Sickness and Death

(de) ziekte click to hear illness, sickness
ziek click to hear ill, sick >>
(de) dood click to hear death
dood click to hear
(dood / dode click to hear 2)
dead
doodgaan click to hear to die >>
sterven click to hear to die >>
(het) overlijden click to hear 2 3 (the) passing away
overlijden click to hear 2 3 to pass away >>
(de) begrafenis click to hear funeral, burial
begraven click to hear to bury
(het) graf click to hear grave
graven * click to hear graves; to dig
(de) begrafenisondernemer click to hear 2 3 [funeral] undertaker
(de) euthanasie click to hear 2 3 4 5 euthanasia
(de) abortus click to hear 2 abortion

See also: 'Medical' for many more words and lines about health and illness

(de) Dodenherdenking click to hear 2 Remembrance of the Dead - specifically the May 4th ceremonies honoring those that died in the Second World War
Gij zult niet doden click to hear Thou shalt not kill ->>
De hond van de buren is doodgegaan click to hear 2 3 4 The neighbors' dog died
M'n vader is veertig jaar geleden overleden click to hear 2 My Dad passed away 40 years ago
Mijn moeder zou dit jaar honderd geworden zijn click to hear 2 My mother would have turned 100 years old this year
Als ik er niet meer ben ... click to hear 2 3 When I'm no [more] longer around, when I'm gone (have died)
Magere Hein click to hear ['Skinny Henry'] 'The Grim Reaper'
De pijp aan Maarten geven click to hear 2 (saying) ['Give] Hand the pipe to Maarten' - to pass away, die
verrekken click to hear 2 3 1. to overstretch, strain, pull a muscle or tendon
2. to die miserably
creperen click to hear 2 3 to die miserably
dodelijk ernstig click to hear 3 4 deathly (very) serious (mood, attitude)
dodelijke ernst click to hear 2 [deathly seriousness] ~ death-serious mood, attitude
dode bladeren click to hear dead, fallen leaves
dooie blâren click to hear dead, fallen leaves (poetic)

Like English, Dutch has a few somewhat humorous, exaggerating phrases referring to death:

Ik ben doodop click to hear 2 I'm dead-tired
Ik word er doodmoe van click to hear 2 I get dead-tired of it, I'm sick of it
Zo dood als een pier click to hear Dead as a [rainworm] doornail, dead like disco
Ik verveel me te pletter click to hear 2 3 ['I'm crushed by boredom'] - I'm bored to death
Ik erger me dood click to hear 2 3 I'm annoyed to death, I'm very annoyed
Als blikken konden doden ... click to hear 2 If looks could kill ...
Ik sterf van de honger click to hear 2 3 ['I'm dying of hunger, I'm starving'] - I'm very hungry
Ik kom om van de honger click to hear 2 3 ['I'm dying of hunger, I'm starving'] - I'm very hungry

Dutch sterven click to hear ->> means 'to die.' It's of course from the same root as English 'to starve' but exact meanings diverged -
(de) sterveling click to hear ('mortal')

In speaking, the 'D' in oude click to hear 2 (oud/oude click to hear - 'old') is often 'softened to a W-sound: oude / ouwe click to hear - oude man click to hear / oude baas click to hear / ouwe baas click to hear ('old man') - 'je ouwelui' click to hear 2 ('your old folks,' that is: 'your parents')
Less commonly, the second D in 'dode' ('dead') sometimes is said as consonant Y (Dutch J, here written as 'I') - dode / dooie click to hear 2 - dode bladeren click to
  hear / dooie blâren click to
  hear ('[dead] fallen leaves')

't Leven na de dood click to hear 2 3 click to hear
Life after death, the afterlife ->>

from Ecclesiastes 12 (Prediker click to hear 2 )
... want de mens gaat naar zijn eeuwig huis en de rouwklagers gaan rond op straat ... click to hear
... because man goes to his eternal home, and the (professional) mourners go about in the street ... ->>

See also: Words of Time and Words of Change

Challenges

Met de ouderdom komen de gebreken click to hear 2 '[With] In old age defects, infirmities appear'
[I walk with a cane]
Ik loop met een stok click to hear 2 3 slow
[I walk with 2 canes]
Ik loop met twee stokken click to hear 2 3
[I ride a tricycle]
Ik rij(d) op een driewieler click to hear
[reading glasses]
leesbril click to hear
[hearing aid]
gehoorapparaat click to hear
[three canes]
wandelstokken click to hear
[crutches]
krukken click to hear
[Every Day I'm Shufflin']

(de) stok click to hear stick, cane
(de) rollator click to hear walker
(de) rolstoel click to hear 2 wheelchair

vergeetachtig click to hear forgetful, having a tendency to forget things
Heb je al een rollator? click to hear 2 3 Do you already have a walker?
Ik heb geen rollator click to hear 2 3 I don't have a walker
Ik heb nog geen rollator click to hear I don't have a walker yet
Ik heb nog steeds geen rollator click to hear 2 3 I still don't have a walker
Ik heb een rollator click to hear 2 I have a walker, I do have a walker
Ik loop soms met een rollator click to hear 2 3 I sometimes [walk with] use a walker
Ik kan er goed mee lopen click to hear 2 With it I can walk well (I walk more safely with its assistance, I walk better with it) ‑>>
Ik kan er ver mee lopen click to hear 2 I can walk far with it, I can walk good distances with it
Ik loop er elke dag mee click to hear 2 3 I walk with it every day, I use it every day for walking

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Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2