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Dutch Words in (Some) Depth: English Index

Possibly problematic Dutch words - the links lead to examples of usage and usually some explanation. You might also want to look at the Dutch Index page (there is no complete overlap)

Page in Development - I'll add new words when I've made a few more reference pages, and there may be more words added later.
For verbs usage examples see also the Verb Examples Menu

ABOVE, OVER - boven click to hear 2
een dak boven je hoofd click to hear 2 a roof over your head
't Gaat me boven de pet click to hear 2 It's over my [cap] head (I don't understand it)
AFTER - na click to hear
na 't eten click to hear 2 after [the eating] dinner (or lunch)
Na regen komt zonneschijn click to hear 2 3 4 [After rain the sun will come out] - Bad things don't last
ALL - al click to hear 2 (al/alle click to hear)
Ik heb al m'n boeken verkocht click to hear 2 I have sold all my books
Al die moeite voor niks click to hear 2 All that effort [for nothing] wasted
Alle mensen zijn gelijk click to hear All people are equal
ALMOST - bijna click to hear 2 - haast click to hear
Het is bijna klaar click to hear It's almost ready
Je zou haast denken ... click to hear 2 3 You would almost think ...
ALREADY - al click to hear 2
't Is al over elven click to hear 2 It's already past 11
Heb je al een rollator? click to hear 2 3 Do you have a walker already?
ALSO, TOO - ook click to hear
Dat is ook goed click to hear 2 That's also good, that's OK too
Er is beneden ook een slaapkamer click to hear There's also a bedroom downstairs, there's also a downstairs bedroom
ALWAYS - altijd click to hear - all the time - see also: Words of Time
Er is altijd wel iets click to hear There's always something (wrong, bad)
ANNOYING unpleasant, irritating - vervelend click to hear (vervelend / vervelende click to hear 2)
een vervelende man click to hear 2 an unpleasant (male) person
AS - als click to hear - like, similar to
Koud als een kikker click to hear Cold as a frog
AS A ... - als click to hear - 'being a ...' (representing)
Als voorbeeld click to hear 2 As an example
Als gehandicapte heb ik soms hulp nodig click to hear 2 3 As a person with a disability I sometimes need assistance
AS ... AS - zo ... als click to hear 2 - comparing
Twee keer zo duur als ... click to hear 2 Twice as expensive as ...
't Is niet zo erg als 't lijkt click to hear 2 3 It's not as bad as it looks
AS IF - alsof click to hear - just like
Alsof m'n mond in brand stond click to hear 2 As if my mouth was on fire
Alsof ik met m'n ogen dicht achteruit liep click to hear 2 3 As if I was walking backward with (my) eyes closed

AT ... later

BAD - slecht click to
hear (slecht / slechte click to hear 2) - of poor quality etc. - often judgemental
- erg click to hear (erg / erge click to hear) - 'very bad, awful, terrible' - 'very serious'
slecht weer click to hear 2 bad weather
Hij is in een slecht humeur click to hear He's in a bad mood
't Is niet zo erg als het lijkt click to hear 2 It's not as bad as it looks
to BE - zijn click to hear - see also: Easy Dutch Verbs
ik ben ziek click to hear 2 3 I am sick
- auxiliary verb for the passive voice: worden click to hear 2
ik word geschopt door Jan click to hear I am kicked by Jan
BECAUSE - omdat click to hear - want click to hear 2 - daar click to hear ->>
... omdat er geen bewijs is click to hear 2 3 ... because there is no proof
... want er is geen bewijs click to hear 2 slow ... because there is no proof
Daar er geen bewijs is ... click to hear 2 3 Because there is no proof ...
BEHIND - achter click to hear
Achter de wolken schijnt de zon click to hear 2 Behind the clouds the sun is shining
BEST - best click to hear 2 / 'beste' click to hear (best / beste click to hear 2)
Je hond is je beste vriend click to hear Your dog is your best friend
BETTER - beter click to hear 2 (beter / betere click to hear)
't Zou beter zijn ... click to hear It would be better ...
BORING - saai click to hear (saai / saaie click to hear 2) - zich vervelen click to hear 2 'to be bored'
Wat een saai verhaal! click to hear 2 3 4 Such a boring story!
Verveel je je? click to hear Are you bored? (singular informal) ->>
BUT - maar click to hear - contrast, possible contradiction
Raar maar waar click to hear 2 3 Strange but true
Rijk maar geen geld click to hear 2 3 Rich, but no money / Rich without money
BY - the agent of the passive voice - door click to hear
Ik word geschopt door Jan click to hear I am kicked by John
Het huis wordt door mij geverfd click to hear The house is painted by me
- creators of art - van click to hear 2
een boek van Vestdijk click to hear 2 3 a book by Vestdijk
een schilderij van Van Gogh click to hear a painting by Van Gogh
DISAPPOINTING - teleurstellend click to hear
teleurstellende resultaten click to hear 2 3 disappointing results
DOWN - omlaag click to hear 2 - naar beneden click to hear ->>
We gleden omlaag click to hear we (glided) slid down
We gingen naar beneden met de lift click to hear We went down in the elevator
EACH, EVERY - elk click to hear (elk / elke click to hear) - ieder click to hear (ieder / iedere click to hear 2) ->>
there may be a subtle difference between the words
Iedere soldaat heeft een moeder click to hear Every soldier has a mother
Elke dag heeft genoeg aan z'n eigen leed click to hear Each day has enough suffering of its own
EVEN - referring to extreme or unexpected situations - zelfs click to hear
Zelfs in de schaduw was het warm click to hear Even in the shade it was hot
- (with superlative) nog click to hear even, still
Dat is nog beter click to hear 2 3 That's even better!
t Was nog erger dan ik dacht click to hear 2 3 It was even worse than I had thought
- flat and horizontal - vlak click to hear en click to hear 2 horizontaal click to hear 2 3 4 - ->>
EVEN IF - al click to hear 2
Al kost 't me jaren click to hear 2 3 Even if it's going to take (me) years
Al zeg ik 't zelf click to hear 2 3 [Even if I say so] If I may say so myself
EVERYTHING - alles click to hear - (al click to hear) - all things
Alles blijft veranderen click to hear 2 All things keep changing
Aan alles komt een eind click to hear 2 To everything there [comes] is an end
Eind goed, al goed click to hear 2 3 [End good, all good] - All's well that ends well
EVERYWHERE - overal click to hear 2
Waar je ook kijkt - overal water click to hear Wherever you look - water everywhere
EXACTLY - precies click to hear 2 - precisely
Precies op tijd click to hear 2 3 Exactly on time
Precies wat ik nodig had click to hear 2 3 Just what I needed, Exactly what I needed, "Hit the spot"
FAST - quick, rapid - snel click to hear - fast hard click to hear
U praat te snel voor mij click to hear 2 3 You're talking too fast (for me)
ik rij(d) te hard click to hear 2 I'm driving (or riding) too fast
FIRST - eerste click to hear 2 ~ also: eerst click to hear 2
op 't eerste gezicht click to hear 2 3 at first sight
in eerste instantie click to hear 2 3 at first view, initially
GOOD - goed click to hear 2 3 (goed / goede click to hear) - also: well and right, correct
een goed begin click to hear 2 a good start
HASTE, HURRY - (de) haast click to hear - (de) spoed click to hear
Er is haast bij click to hear 2 3 4 'It is urgent'
zo spoedig mogelijk click to hear 2 ASAP, 'As soon as possible'
to HAVE - hebben click to hear - see also: Easy Dutch Verbs and The Perfect Tenses
Heb je hoofdpijn? click to hear 2 Do you have a headache?
Ik heb een uur gelopen click to hear 2 I [have] walked for an hour
- (for some verbs) the auxiliary verb for The Perfect Tenses
zijn click to hear - see also: Easy Dutch Verbs
Ik ben naar Veenendaal gefietst click to hear 2 I [have ridden] rode a bike to Veenendaal
Ik ben ziek geweest click to hear 2 3 I have been sick
HERE - hier click to hear 2 - '~in this spot'
Hier is de ingang click to hear Over here is the entrance
Deze auto hier click to hear This car here
IF - als click to hear - 'if' examples - 'when' as a condition is also said as 'als'
Als 't hard regent blijf ik thuis click to hear 2 If it's raining hard I'll stay home
Als ik jou was ... click to hear 2 If I were you ...
- of click to hear - for instance: I wonder if ...
Ik vraag me af of ... click to hear 2 I wonder if ...
Ik weet niet of dat echt zo is click to hear I don't know if it's really like that
IN, INTO ... later
IN TIME, ON TIME - op tijd click to hear 2 3
De trein is meestal op tijd click to hear 2 The train is usually on time (on schedule)
Ik hoop dat 't op tijd is click to hear I hope it's in time
IT - het click to hear 2 3 / 't click to hear - placeholder, referring to something mentioned before
't Is moeilijk te vinden click to hear 2 3 It's hard to find
't Eten - 't was lekker click to hear The food - it was (tasty) good
- er click to hear / click to hear - placeholder (with preposition)
Je moet er wat aan doen click to hear 2 3 4 You should do something about it
Ik word er gek van click to hear [I'm being driven crazy by it] - It is driving me crazy
JUST, ONLY - maar click to hear
't Lijkt maar zo click to hear It only looks that way
Er is maar één oplossing click to hear 2 There's only one solution
JUST, BARELY - net click to hear
We waren net op tijd click to hear 2 3 We were just in time (not a moment to spare)
De pont is net weg click to hear 2 The ferry just left, a moment ago
Net voordat 't begon te regenen click to hear 2 3 Just before it [started to rain] rained
JUST, EXACTLY precisely - precies click to hear 2 - net click to hear - ->>
Precies wat ik nodig had click to hear 2 3 Just what I needed, Exactly what I needed, "Hit the spot"
Net wat ik zocht click to hear 2 Just what I was looking for
JUST AS,
JUST LIKE
- even ... als click to hear - net click to hear - net ... als click to hear 2 -or- net zo ... als click to hear 2
Piet is even groot als Klaas click to hear 2 3 Piet is just as tall as Klaas
't Is net echt click to hear 2 [It's just like real] - It's almost real, it looks very real
Ik ben net als m'n moeder click to hear I'm just like my mom
Net als vroeger click to hear 2 3 Just like before, just as in the past
Mijn zoon is net zo mager als ik click to hear My son is just as skinny as I am
to KNOW - weten click to hear to know things, to have knowledge of
- kennen click to hear to know people, be familiar with, know of
Ik wil weten wat er gebeurd is click to hear 2 3 I want to know what happened
Ze kenden hem goed click to hear They knew him well
LAST - laaste click to hear 2 ~ also: laatst click to hear 2
op het laatste moment click to hear at the last moment
de laatste mode click to hear 2 the latest fashion
LATER - later click to hear - afterwards, in the future
vroeger of later click to hear ['earlier or later'] - 'sooner or later'
in een later stadium click to hear 2 at a later stage
LEAST - minst click to hear - ->>
De weg van de minste weerstand kiezen click to hear 2 3 Choose the [way, road] line of least resistance, the easiest way
LESS, FEWER - minder click to hear
Minder werk voor minder mensen click to hear 2 Less work for fewer people
LIKE - als click to hear - similar to, as
Als een kip zonder kop click to hear 2 3 'Like a chicken without its head' - acting irrationally
Ze sliep als een roos click to hear 2 3 She was sleeping like a rose
to LIKE, to LOVE - houden van click to hear
Hij houdt niet van spruitjes click to hear 2 He doesn't like Brussels sprouts
Hij houdt van jou click to hear He loves you
LITTLE, FEW - weinig click to hear 2 3 4 - also: niet veel click to hear 2 'not much/not many'
Hij eet weinig click to hear 2 He doesn't eat much
Er zijn weinig getuigen click to hear There are few witnesses
Hij drinkt niet veel click to hear 2 He doesn't drink much - may also refer to limited alcohol intake
MANY, MUCH, A LOT OF - veel click to hear 2 3
Te veel mensen met te veel geld click to hear 2 Too many people with too much money
MORE - meer click to hear
Ik heb meer tijd nodig click to hear 2 I need more time
MOST - meest click to hear
De mens lijdt het meest het lijden dat-ie vreest click to hear 'Man suffers most from the suffering he fears'
NO - "negative," denial - nee click to hear
Heeft U bananen? - Nee click to hear Do you have bananas? - No
Ik zei "nee" click to hear I said "No"
- 'zero quantity' - no, not a, not any - geen click to hear
Er zijn geen tomaten click to hear 2 There are no tomatoes
Ik ben geen vegetariër click to hear 2 I'm [no] not a vegetarian
NOT, DO NOT - niet click to hear 2
Ik heb die film niet gezien click to hear I haven't seen that movie
Niet storen click to hear 2 Do not disturb
NOTHING - niets click to hear -or- niks click to hear
Niets is heilig click to hear Nothing is sacred
niks nieuws click to hear 2 3 nothing new
NOBODY - niemand click to hear 2 - no-one
Niemand is volmaakt click to hear Nobody is perfect
OF - van click to hear 2 -or- no word in Dutch - and see also 'units'
Willem van Oranje click to hear 2 'William of Orange'
hoedje van papier click to hear hat of paper, paper hat
een flesje water click to hear a small bottle of water
OR - of click to hear - choice
Ben je voor of tegen? click to hear Are your for or against?
nu of nooit click to hear 2 now or never
OVER - voorbij click to hear - past, 'history' - see also: endings
't Ergste is voorbij click to hear 2 3 4 The worst is over
Ik wou dat 't voorbij was click to hear 2 3 I wish it was over
more 'over' later
PAST - over click to hear 2 - hours on the clock
kwart over zes click to hear a quarter past 6, 6:15
- the clock, telling time
t Is al over elven click to hear 2 It's already past eleven ->>
PATIENCE - (het) geduld click to hear 2
Geduld is een schone zaak click to hear Patience is a beautiful thing, patience is good
QUIET - stil click to hear 2 - quiet, no sound - stil/stille click to hear 2
(de) stilte click to hear 2 (the) quiet
Hoor je hoe stil het is? click to hear 2 Do you hear how quiet it is?
READY - klaar click to hear - done, finished; prepared
De koffie is klaar click to hear Coffee is ready
Klaar? ... af! click to hear Ready? ... set ... go!
RIGHT - correct - goed click to hear 2 3 (goed / goede click to hear) - also: good and well
't goede antwoord click to hear 2 the correct answer, the right answer
Als ik 't goed begrijp ... click to hear 2 3 4 If I understand it correctly ...
- the right to, being allowed, being entitled - recht click to hear 2
(het) stemrecht click to hear the right to vote
rechten en plichten click to hear 2 3 rights and duties
- direction (not left) - rechts click to hear (rechtse click to hear 2)
rechtsaf click to hear 2 right (direction) - "right turn, take a right"
Neem de tweede weg links
en dan de derde weg rechts click to hear
Take the second road to the left
and then the third road to the right
SLOW - langzaam click to hear 2 3
Ik loop langzaam click to hear I'm walking slowly, I'm a slow walker
SO - so, very, so very - zo click to hear
't Wordt zo vroeg donker click to hear 2 3 It gets dark so early
Ik was zò ziek click to hear 2 3 I was so very sick
SO - ~I gather, ~I get the impression, ~in conclusion, ~I understand - dus click to hear
Dus je wilt Nederlands leren? click to hear So you want to learn Dutch?
Het is dus fout click to hear 2 So it is wrong, I'm telling you it's wrong
SOME - a small amount - wat click to hear
Mag ik wat water? click to hear [May I] Could I please have some water?
- a small amount, a little - een beetje click to hear
Mag ik een beetje kaas? click to hear 2 [May I] Can I please have a little cheese?
- a few, a small number of a specific group - sommige click to hear
Sommige dagen gaat alles mis click to hear 2 On some days everything goes wrong
- a few, a random small number - een paar click to hear
over een paar jaar click to hear 2 3 in a few years
SOMEBODY - iemand click to hear - someone
Hoe kan iemand zoiets doen? click to hear How can someone do a thing like that?
Iemand van mijn leeftijd click to hear 2 Someone my age
SOMETHING - iets click to hear
Mag ik U iets vragen? click to hear 2 3 May (Could) I ask you something?
Heeft U iets vegetarisch? click to hear Would you have something vegetarian?
STILL, YET - nog click to hear - 'remaining, ongoing' - still - yet
We leven nog click to hear 2 3 We're still alive (we have survived)
Het is nog vroeg click to hear It is still early
Ik heb nog niet gegeten click to hear I have not yet eaten
Hoeveel tijd is er nog? click to hear 2 3 How much time is [there still] left?
STILL - with superlative: 'nog' click to hear see EVEN (2)
SUCH - zulk click to hear (zulk/zulke click to hear)
Zulke dingen als vrijheid, en gelijkheid click to hear Such things as freedom, and equality
Zulke grote voeten! click to hear 2 Such big feet!
SUCH A - zo'n click to hear 2 (zo een click to hear 2) - such a, a very
zo'n mooie dag click to hear 2 such a beautiful day
Ik heb zo'n zin in een kopje thee click to hear 2 3 ['I have such a great desire for ...'] - What I'd really like now is a cup of tea
zo-iets click to hear 2 3 such a thing, something like that ->>
zo-iemand click to hear 2 such a person, someone like that
THAN - dan click to hear 2 - comparing
Twee is groter dan één click to hear 2 is larger than 1 (2>1)
Meer dan drie uur click to hear 2 3 More than three hours
THANKS - bedankt click to hear - bedanken click to hear 2 'to thank'
dank U wel click to hear 'thank you' (polite)
Bedankt voor je brief click to hear 2 Thank you for your letter
THAT - indicating remote items
dat click to hear (for singular 'het' words) - die click to hear (for 'de' words and plurals)
dat huis daar click to hear that house over there
die boom daar click to hear 2 3 that tree over there
- placeholder, referring back to something mentioned before
dat click to hear - daar click to hear (with preposition)
Wat is dat? click to hear What's that?
Dat wist ik niet click to hear 2 I didn't know that
Daar weet ik niks van click to hear 2 I know nothing about that, I don't know anything about that
Ben je daar zeker van? click to hear 2 3 4 Are you sure of that? Are you certain?
- conjunction: introducing sub-sentence, after 'say, think' etc. dat click to hear
Ik dacht dat de wereld verging click to hear 2 I thought [the world was perishing] it was the end of the world
Zorg dat je op tijd bent click to hear 2 3 Take care to be on time
- further specifying, instead of 'who' or 'which'
dat click to hear (for 'het' words) - die click to hear (for 'de' words and plurals)
Het mes dat het touw doorsneed click to hear 2 3 The knife that (which) cut the rope
De vrouw die het bedacht had click to hear 2 The woman who (that) had thought it up
De landen die neutraal bleven click to hear 2 The countries that remained/stayed neutral
- very, thàt - zo click to hear - zò click to hear ->>
't Is niet zò duur click to hear 2 3 4 5 It's not thàt expensive
compare with: 't Is niet zo duur click to hear 2 3 It's not very, not that expensive
Is 't al zò laat? click to hear 2 Is it thàt late already?
THE - de click to hear 2 - het click to hear 2 3 / 't click to hear ->>
't Nederland van na de oorlog click to hear [The The Netherlands of after the war] Postwar Holland
tussen de bomen in 't bos click to hear Among the trees in the forest
THEN - future: dan click to hear 2
Dan ben ik op reis click to hear 2 3 Then, at that time I [am] will be traveling
... en dan wordt 't spannend click to hear ... and then it'll get exciting
- past: toen click to hear 2 3
Toen was ik op reis click to hear 2 3 I was traveling then, at the time I was traveling
... en toen gingen we eten click to hear 2 ... and then we [went to eat] had a meal
THERE IS ...
THERE ARE ...
- er is ... click to hear 2
- er zijn ... click to hear 2 ->>
Er is een koude wind click to hear 2 There's a cold wind
Is er genoeg brood? click to hear 2 3 Is there enough bread?
Er zijn binnenkort verkiezingen click to hear 2 There will be elections soon
(OVER) THERE - daar click to hear - '~in that spot'
Daar is de uitgang! click to hear Over there is the exit
Die auto daar click to hear That car (over) there
THESE, THIS, THOSE, THAT - deze, die, dit, dat
THROUGH - door click to hear - a passage
door de deur click to hear 2 through the door
Ze kwam binnen door 't raam van de badkamer click to
   hear She came in through the bathroom window
- tot en met click to hear up to and including
maandag tot en met zaterdag click to hear Monday through Saturday
TO, FOR - om te click to hear - reason for, aim or purpose, because of, in order to, with the intention ...
to (with verb infinitive) / for (with present participle)
De beste plaats om Nederlands te leren click to hear The best place to learn Dutch, for learning Dutch
Het is niet om te lachen click to hear 2 3 4 [It's not to laugh about, it's not for laughing] - It's no laughing matter, it's not funny
to UNDERSTAND - to know the how or why of something - begrijpen click to hear
Ik begrijp niet wat U zegt click to hear I don't understand (the meaning of) what you're saying (polite 'you')
- to hear what is said - verstaan click to hear 2
Ik versta niet wat je zegt click to hear 2 I don't understand (can't hear) what you're saying (informal 'you')
UP - omhoog click to hear 2 3 - naar boven click to hear ->>
We klommen omhoog click to hear We climbed up
We gingen met de roltrap naar boven click to hear We took the escalator up
USUALLY - meestal click to hear 2 - most of the time
t Is meestal bewolkt in Nederland click to hear 2 It's usually overcast in Holland
VERY - erg click to hear - heel click to hear 2 3
Ik ben erg moe click to hear 2 I'm very tired
Ik vind het heel raar click to hear 2 I think it's very strange
Het is heel erg koud click to hear 2 It's really very cold, terribly cold
to WANT, WISH
DESIRE, WOULD LIKE TO
- willen click to hear 2
Ik wil naar huis click to hear 2 [I want homeward] I want to go home
Wil je een kopje thee? click to hear 2 Would you like a cup of tea?
WELL - goed click to hear 2 3 - also: good and right, correct
goed voorbereid click to hear 2 well-prepared (in advance, for the future)
Heb je goed gegeten? click to hear 2 Did you eat well? (tasty, filling)
WHEN - als click to hear - condition
't IJzer smeden als het heet is click to hear 2 3 ["smith," forge] - Work the iron when it's hot
Doe je het licht uit als je weggaat? click to hear Will you turn off the light when you leave?
WHEN? - wanneer? click to hear - at what time/day/year?
Wanneer ben je jarig? click to hear When is your birthday? [when are you year-y?]
Wanneer is 't klaar? click to hear 2 3 When will it be ready?
WHICH? - welk click to hear 2 / (welk/welke click to hear 2)
Welke kant op? click to hear 2 Which way? Which direction?
WORSE - erger click to hear 2 3 - slechter click to hear 2 3
't Was nog erger dan ik dacht click to hear 2 3 It was even worse than I had thought
WORST - ergste click to hear - slechtst click to hear (slechtste click to hear)
t Ergste is voorbij click to hear 2 The worst is over
WRONG - 'Verkeerd' click to hear (verkeerd / verkeerde click to hear 2) - 'Fout' click to hear (fout / foute click to hear 2 3) - 'mis' click to hear ->>
de verkeerde oplossing click to hear 2 the wrong solution (to a problem)
't is niet fout click to hear 2 3 It's not wrong
Er is iets mis click to hear Something is wrong

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Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2