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Jobs and Lines of Work

Vocabulary and phrases about work and jobs
General Words
Lines and Phrases
Job Titles and Descriptions
Places of Work
Do-It-Yourself

General 'Work' Words

(het) beroep click to hear 2 job, occupation
(de) baan click to hear 2 3 job
(het) werk click to
  hear
werken click to
  hear
work
to work
werk(e)loos click to hear 2 3 unemployed

(de) carrière click to hear 2
(de) loopbaan click to hear 2 3
career
(de) volledige baan click to hear 2 3 full-time job
(de) deeltijd click to hear part-time *
(de) vaste baan click to hear 2
(de) vaste aanstelling click to hear 2
permanent job
permanent job, 'tenure'
(de) proeftijd click to hear 2 trial period
(de) tijdelijke baan click to hear 2 3 temporary job
(het) uitzendbureau click to hear temp agency
(de) klerebaan click to hear 2 'an unpleasant, rotten job' (slang)
(het) personeel click to hear 2 3 staff
personeelszaken click to hear 2 personnel department, human resources
(het) sollicitatiegesprek click to hear 2 job interview
(de) ploeg click to hear 'team' - a bit old-fashioned - use the English word
(de) nachtdienst click to hear 2 night shift (the time)
de nachtploeg click to hear 2 the night shift (the workers) *
(het) continubedrijf click to hear 2 factory in 24/7 operation
(de) ploegendienst click to hear 2 working in shifts
(de) overtijd click to hear 2 overtime
(de) staking click to hear 2 strike, work stoppage
wij staken click to hear we're on strike
(het) loon click to hear 2 wages
(het) salaris click to hear salary
(het) inkomen click to hear 2 income
(de) inkomsten click to hear [incoming money] revenue
(het) pensioen click to hear pension >>
(de) uitkering click to hear 2 3 'allowance' ('dole')
(de) belasting click to hear tax(es)
(de) werkdag click to hear work day
(de) werkweek click to hear 2 work week
(het) werkwoord click to hear [work-word] verb >>
(het) huiswerk click to hear 2 homework (students')
(het) levenswerk click to hear 2 [life's work] 'magnum opus'
(de) roeping click to hear 2 'mission,' "calling"
(het) weekend (Engl.) click to hear 2 weekend
(de) vrije dag click to hear 2 day off
(de) snipperdag click to hear a single day off
(de) feestdag click to hear holiday
(de) vakantie click to hear 2 vacation >>
(de) vrije tijd click to hear 2 leisure time
(de) hobby click to hear 2 pastime, hobby
Van acht tot vijf click to hear from 8 to 5
Van negen tot zes click to hear from 9 to 6
na vijven click to hear 2 after 5 PM
Maandag tot en met vrijdag click to hear Monday [to and including] through Friday
(de) pauze click to hear break, pause
(de) koffiepauze click to hear 2 3 mid-morning 'coffee' break
(de) lunchpauze click to hear 2 lunch break
(de) theepauze click to hear 2 mid-afternoon 'tea' break

éénmansbedrijf click to hear 2 one-person company
zelfstandige zonder personeel click to hear 2 [independent without staff] self-employed person, often a consultant
zzp'er click to hear 2

Lines of Work

The lines are of course only a template. Your preferences and priorities are probably different from mine. Substitute other words to create your own narrative. Find more words on the pages linked to below or use the 'search' function (top left on most pages.)

Ik had schrijver willen worden, maar ik ben spreker geworden click to hear
I wanted to be a writer, but I've become a speaker

Wat wil je later worden? click to hear What do you want to be when you grow up? (asked of children)
Ik werk bij ... click to hear 2 I work at ...
Ik ben in dienst van ... click to hear I am employed by ...
Ik moet om acht uur op m'n werk zijn click to hear 2 3 I have to be at work at 8 ('at work' - on the job, at the place where I work)
Hij is bij de Marine click to hear 2 He's in the Navy
Hij zit in het leger click to hear 2 3 He [sits] is in the Army
Ik ben verpleegster click to hear I am a nurse (female)
Ik ben verpleger click to hear I am a nurse (male)
Ik ben verpleegkundige click to hear I am a nurse (male or female, but a bit formal)
Ik ben een verpleger bij ... click to hear I am a (male) nurse with ... [hospital, organisation]
Zij is een zangeres click to hear She is a [lady] singer
Ze ziet eruit als een filmster click to hear She looks like a movie star
Ze lijkt wel een filmster click to hear She almost looks like a movie star
Ze bleken oplichters te zijn click to hear 2 It turned out they were crooks
Laten we aan het werk gaan click to hear 2 Let's get to work, let's start working
or short: aan 't werk! click to hear to work! get busy!
aan de slag click to hear 2 to work! get busy!
Hij werkt hard click to hear He's working hard
We moesten hard werken click to hear We had to work hard
Ik werk me te pletter click to hear 2 I'm working very hard
Ik werk me een ongeluk click to hear 2 3 I'm working ["myself an accident"] very hard
Ik werk me 'n ongeluk click to hear 2 I'm working ["myself an accident"] very hard
The expressions above usually indicate a contrast, like that the hard work is no use or doesn't bring in much of an income, or that other people are taking it easy
Hij gooit er met de pet naar click to hear 2 3 [He's throwing his cap at it] He's not making a serious effort
Die week moet ik werken click to hear That week I have to work, that week I'll be working
Hoe gaat 't op je werk? click to hear How are things at work?
Hoe gaat 't met je werk? click to hear How is your job?
Waar ben je mee bezig? click to hear 2 What are you working on, what are you doing?
Ik ben met iets anders bezig click to hear 2 3 I'm working on, busy with something else
Ik heb een lang gesprek met m'n baas gehad. click to hear I had a long talk with my boss.
OR: m'n professor click to hear 'my professor' (colloquial)
Ik heb gesolliciteerd bij de gemeente. click to hear I've applied for a job with the City.
't Is bewerkelijk click to hear 2 3 4 "It's a lot of work"
Er is nog veel werk click to hear 2 There's still a lot of work (to be done)
Er moet nog hard gewerkt worden click to hear "There's still [hard] a lot of work that needs to be done"
Er is nog veel te doen click to hear 2 There's still much to be done, there' still much that needs to be done
Er is nog zoveel te doen! click to hear 2 3 4 There's still so much that needs to be done!
Laat ik dat eerst even doen click to hear 2 Let me do that first, before all other things
Je hebt er een hoop werk aan click to hear 2 3 It's a lot of work for you, it's a big job
Je bent er maar druk mee click to hear 2 3 [It keeps you busy] It's a big job, you're spending a lot of time on it
Ik besteed veel tijd aan m'n website click to hear 2 3 I'm spending a lot of time (working) on my website
't Gaat goed click to hear It's going well (can be used for both persons and jobs)
twee uur werk click to hear 2 hours of work, a two-hour job
't Is hoogstens een uur werk click to hear 2 It's one hour of work at most
een mooi stukje werk click to hear a nice piece of work, a job well done
Wanneer is 't klaar? click to hear 2 3 When [is] will it be ready?
als 't meezit ... click to hear If things go well, if things work out, if we're lucky ...
Als 't meezit is het morgen klaar click to hear If things work out well it will be ready tomorrow
als 't tegenzit ... click to hear if it doesn't go well, if we're not lucky, if things don't work out ...
Als 't tegenzit kan 't nog wel een week duren click to hear If things don't work out, it may take a week
Ik ben bang dat 't nog niet klaar is click to hear I'm afraid it's not ready yet
't Is klaar click to hear It's ready
Het is bijna klaar click to hear It's almost ready
Ben je klaar? click to hear Are you ready?
Klaar? ... Af! click to hear Ready? ... Go! (race start)
Zou 't lukken? click to hear 2 Is it going to work out, will it be successful?
Lukt 't 'n beetje? click to hear 2 3 [Is it going somewhat well?] How is it going? (said when there seems to be a problem)
Dat lukt me nooit click to hear I will ['never'] not be able to do that, I won't be able to pull that off
Dat lukt je nooit click to hear 2 ou'll ['never'] not be able to do that
't Wil maar niet lukken click to hear 2 3 We/I can't get it right
Woon je ver van je werk? click to hear Do you live far (away) from your work?
Ga je op de fiets naar je werk? click to hear Do you ride your bike to work?
Kun je op de fiets naar je werk? click to hear Can you ride your bike to work?
Hoe is de koffie op je werk? click to hear How is the coffee at work?
Wie heeft hier de leiding? click to hear Who's in charge here?
Wie heeft er hier de leiding? click to hear Who's in charge here?
De Vries is de baas. click to hear DeVries is the boss.
Ik had geen werk click to hear I didn't have a job, I was unemployed
Hij zit in de bijstand click to hear 2 He's on welfare
Krijg je een uitkering? click to hear 2 3 Do you get an allowance?
Kun je ervan rondkomen? click to hear Can you get by on it? Is it enough to live on?
Ze werken al twintig jaar samen click to hear They've been working together for 20 years (already)
Toch konden ze goed samenwerken click to hear Still, they worked well together
Ga meteen je huiswerk maken click to hear Do your homework right away
Maak eerst je huiswerk af click to hear First, finish your homework
Hoewel hij hard gewerkt had, zakte hij voor het examen click to hear Although he had worked hard, he failed the test
Harder werken aan Nederlands leren click to hear
Work harder on learning Dutch (a New Year's resolution)
Dutch 'werken' click to hear can - like English 'to work' - also mean 'to be effective' or refer to the mechanics of a procedure or process:
't Werkt niet click to hear 2 3 It doesn't work, it's not effective, it doesn't work out
Hoe werkt 't? click to hear 2 How does it work? How does it go?
Ik begrijp niet hoe 't werkt click to hear 2 I don't understand how it works
Ik ben moe click to hear 2 I'm tired
Ik ben erg moe click to
      hear 2 I am very tired
Ik ben verschrikkelijk moe click to
      hear 2 I am terribly tired
uitgeput click to hear 2
met pensioen gaan click to hear 2 3 to retire ->>gaan
ophouden met werken click to hear 2 to stop working

Ik was van plan om het huis wit te verven click to hear
I was going to, my plan was to paint the house white
Ik denk dat ik het huis wit ga verven click to hear
I'm thinking of painting the house white
Ik ga morgen in Ede een huis verven click to hear
Tomorrow I'm going to paint a house in Ede
Ik ga overmorgen een schuur bouwen in Barneveld click to hear
The day after tomorrow I'm going to build a (large) shed in Barneveld
Gisteren heb ik een muurtje gemetseld in Renkum click to hear 2 3
Yesterday I put up a (small) brick wall in Renkum
Vandaag moet ik een boom omzagen in Heelsum click to hear 2 3
Today I have to cut down a tree in Heelsum

See also: Word Order: 'Time' and 'Place' - Sentences Starting with a 'Time' Statement
See also: Sayings and Standard Phrases about work and jobs

Job Titles and Descriptions

Most of the words below are job descriptions, but a few like 'customer' and 'prisoner of war' are related people descriptions; I also added a few related other words that I don't have a place for elsewhere.
Job titles are almost all 'de' click to hear words, except the diminutives of course >> >>
English occasionally has male and female forms of these descriptions, like 'god/goddess' (god click to hear / godin click to hear ) but in Dutch it is more common to have different endings for the job titles of male and female practitioners, like for instance zanger click to hear / zangeres click to hear ('singer' male/female)
zijn
to be
- ik ben
I am
- wij zijn
we are
- ik was
I was
- wij waren
we were
- ik ben geweest
I have been
click to hear 2
'zijn' complete conjugation
werken
to work
- ik werk
I work
- wij werken
we work
- ik werkte
I worked
- wij werkten
we worked
- ik heb gewerkt
I have worked
click to hear
ik ben click to hear 2 'I am' ben jij? click to hear 2 'are you?' (informal)
bent U? click to hear 2 'are you?' (polite)
hij is click to hear 'he is'
zij is click to hear 2 'she is'
ik was click to hear 'I was'
Construction
Shopping
Business, Manufacturing, Labor
Religion
Domestic and Hospitality
Travel and Transportation
Medical
Education
Arts and Media
Emergency Services, Civil Servants, Politics, Organisations
The Military
Crime
Traditional, Miscellaneous
Sports
Days of Old
Medieval, Feudal, Nobility
The Fairy Tales World
Irregular Plurals
See also: Family Members

Construction, Buildings and Maintenance

bouwers click to hear 2 builders >>
architect click to hear 2 architect
aannemer click to hear 2 contractor,
construction manager
bouwvakkers click to hear 2 construction workers
timmerman click to hear 2 carpenter
metselaar click to hear 2 bricklayer
schilder click to hear 2 painter
behanger click to hear 2 (wall)paper hanger
tegelzetter click to hear 2 tiler, tiles layer
stucadoor click to hear 2 plasterer
loodgieter click to hear 2 ['lead-pourer'] plumber
electricien (Fr.) click to hear 2 electrician >>
stratenmaker click to hear 2 street paver
klusjesman click to hear 2 handyman
sloper click to hear 2 wrecker
tuinman click to hear 2 gardener >>
schoonmaker click to hear cleaner
glazenwasser click to hear 2 window cleaner
straatveger click to hear 2 street sweeper
portier click to hear 2 3 doorman (also: car door)
conciërge click to hear 'super,' building manager
nachtwaker click to hear 2 3 night watchman
See also: [a house]
the house
- 2 3
[a building]
buildings
[A collection of tools]
tools
- 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Basic Buildings Words
(de) beunhaas click to hear 2 3 4 not properly qualified and/or tax-dodging 'black' worker

Shopping

More Shopping Words and Phrases
winkelier click to hear 2 shopkeeper >>
verkoper click to hear salesman
kassière click to hear (female) cashier
klant click to hear customer
koper click to hear buyer *
inkoper click to hear 2 professional buyer
(for companies)
vertegenwoordiger click to hear 2 'drummer,' travelling
salesman
*
leverancier click to hear 2 supplier
makelaar click to hear 2 real-estate agent >>
bakker click to hear baker >> - 2
banketbakker click to hear pastry chef >>
groenteboer click to hear greengrocer >> 2
melkboer click to hear milkman >>
slager click to hear butcher
visboer click to hear 2 fishmonger ->>
slijter click to hear
liquor seller/store
bloemist click to hear florist >>
drogist click to hear ['druggist'] drugstore
apotheker click to hear 2 pharmacist
fietsenmaker click to hear 2 bike repairman >>
schoenmaker click to hear 2 3 [shoe-maker] cobbler
juwelier click to hear jeweler >>
kapper click to hear hairdresser, stylist, barber >>
dameskapper click to hear ladies' barber, stylist, hairdresser
kapster click to hear 2 lady barber, hairdresser, stylist
schoonheidsspecialiste click to hear 2 beautician (female)

Business, Industry, Manufacturing, Labor

More Business Words
werkgever click to hear [work-giver] employer
werknemer click to hear [work-taker] employee
vakbond click to hear labor union
vrijgestelde click to hear 2 labor union official
(old-fashioned)
zakenman click to hear businessman
zakenvrouw click to hear 2 businesswoman
ondernemer click to hear entrepreneur
directeur click to hear 2 head of a large
company, CEO
bedrijfsleider click to hear manager
manager (Engl.) click to hear manager
baas click to hear boss
arbeider click to hear 2 laborer
boekhouder click to hear 2 bookkeeper
accountant click to hear 2 3 accountant
secretaresse click to hear 2 secretary (female)
programmeur click to hear 2 programmer

Religion

See also: Prayers, Bible Fragments and Words of Religion
profeet click to hear 2 prophet
gelovige click to hear 2 3 believer, religious person
christen click to hear christian
martelaar click to hear 2 martyr (NOT a person who is violent himself)
kluizenaar click to hear 2 3 hermit
heiden click to hear heathen
heidenen click to hear 2 heathens
ongelovigen click to hear unbelievers (plural)
ketters click to hear heretics (plural)
koster click to hear 2 sexton
ouderling click to hear 2 deacon
geestelijke click to hear 2 member of the clergy
predikant click to hear
"Dominee" click to hear
minister (religious)
"Reverend"
priester click to hear priest
monnik click to hear 2 monk
non click to hear 2 nun
kapelaan click to hear chaplain
pastoor click to hear priest, head of parish
bisschop click to hear bishop
aartsbisschop click to hear
kardinaal click to hear 2
archbishop
cardinal
paus click to hear the pope

Domestic and Hospitality

huisvrouw click to hear 2 3 housewife
huisman click to hear househusband
kindermeisje click to hear 2 nanny
oppas click to hear babysitter *
werkster click to hear 2 cleaning lady
hulp-in-de-huishouding click to hear 2 [helper in the household]
domestic help, 'maid'
kok click to hear cook >>
chef-kok click to hear 2 chef
waard click to hear innkeeper
(old-fashioned)
serveerster click to hear 2 waitress
kelner click to hear 2 waiter
ober click to hear 2 waiter
dienstmeisje click to hear 2 servant (female) - somewhat old-fashioned
knecht click to hear 2 servant (male) - old-fashioned
bediende click to hear servant (male) - old-fashioned
dienaar click to hear servant (male) - even more old-fashioned
[cauliflower]
vegetables
[grapes]
fruits
[plate of food]
dinners
[loaf of bread]
other food
Drinks

Snacks

[pan]
kitchen
- 2 3 4 5 6
[clothespins]
laundry and cleaning
More Words and Phrases about Food and Drinks

Travel and Transportation

More Traffic and Transportation Words and Phrases - More Travel Words and Phrases
chauffeur click to hear 2 chauffeur, car driver
buschauffeur click to hear 2 bus driver >>
machinist click to hear 2 engineer, train driver
conducteur click to hear conductor
piloot click to hear 2 pilot (airplane)
vliegenier click to hear pilot (airplane)
- old-fashioned
loods click to hear 2 pilot (ship) *
gids click to hear guide
tolk click to hear 2 interpreter
vertaler click to hear 2 translator

passagier click to hear passenger
reiziger click to hear 2 3 traveler
monteur click to hear 2 mechanic
pompbediende click to hear 2 3 gas station attendant
Maps of The Netherlands - Hear Dutch Place Names - Dutch Names of Foreign Lands and Places

Medical

More Medical Words - Medical Phrases
dokter click to hear doctor, physician, MD *
verpleegster click to hear 2 nurse
patiënt click to
      hear patient
huisarts click to
      hear 2 family doctor
specialist click to hear specialist
chirurg * click to
      hear surgeon
huidarts click to
      hear dermatologist
oogarts click to
      hear ophtalmologist
kinderarts click to
      hear pediatrician
vrouwenarts click to
      hear gynaecologist
vroedvrouw click to hear 2 3 midwife
psycholoog * click to
      hear 2 psychologist
psychiater * click to
      hear psychiatrist
apotheker click to
      hear 2 pharmacist
tandarts click to
      hear 2 dentist
tandartsassistente click to
      hear 2 3 dentist's assistant (female)
dierenarts click to
      hear veterinarian
leermeester bewegingsleer click to hear 2 mobility teacher

Education

Education in Holland a short essay, with a list of Dutch words
leerling click to hear 2 student (elementary and
secondary school level)
onderwijzeres click to hear teacher (fenale, elementary school level)
"juffrouw" click to hear (how to address)
onderwijzer click to hear teacher (male, elementary school level)
schoolmeester click to hear 2 (old-fashioned)
"meester" click to hear (how to address)
scholier click to hear student (secondary school level)
lerares * click to hear teacher (female, secondary school level)
"mevrouw" click to hear (how to address)
leraar click to hear teacher (male, secondary school level)
"meneer" click to hear (how to address)
leraar Spaans click to hear 2 3 teacher of Spanish, Spanish teacher
student click to hear college or university student
hoogleraar click to hear 2 professor
"professor" click to hear (how to address)
academicus click to hear 2 academic, university-trained person
doctorandus (drs.) click to hear person with a general Master's degree
ingenieur (ir.) click to hear person with an engineering Master's degree
meester in de rechten (mr.) click to hear person with a Law school degree
doctor (dr.) click to hear person with a PhD
dokter click to hear medical doctor
wetenschapper click to hear 2 scientist
natuurkundige click to hear / fysicus click to hear 2 physicist
wiskundige click to hear 2 mathematician
chemicus click to hear 2 / scheikundige click to hear 2 3 'chemist,' scientist working in chemistry >>
bioloog click to hear biologist
geoloog click to hear geologist
denker click to hear thinker
The Dutch Names of The Sciences

Arts and Media

More Music Vocabulary - Media Conversation phrases: Music - Movies - Books
kunstenaar click to hear 2 3
artiest click to hear 2
artist
schrijver click to hear writer, author
dichter click to hear 2 poet
componist click to hear composer
schilder click to hear 2 painter
(house and art)
kunstschilder click to hear painter (artist)
beeldhouwer click to hear 2 sculptor
regisseur click to hear director (movie, play)
uitgever click to hear 2 publisher
dirigent click to hear director (music)
pianostemmer click to hear piano technician
geluidstechnicus click to hear 2 3 sound engineer
journalist click to hear 2
verslaggever * click to hear 2
reporter
nieuwslezer click to hear
commentator click to hear 2
news reader, 'anchor'
commentator
fotograaf click to hear 2 photographer
fotomodel * click to hear 2 model
acteur click to hear 2 actor
actrice click to hear 2 actress
filmster * click to hear 2 movie star
danseres * click to hear 2 dancer (female)
goochelaar click to hear 2 magician
clown click to hear clown
zangeres * click to hear 2 singer, vocalist (female)
zanger click to hear singer, vocalist (male)
musicus click to hear (classical) musician
pianist click to hear 2 concert pianist
violist click to hear 2 concert violinist
organist click to hear 2 organ player
criticus click to hear 2 critic

Additional 'Arts' words:
(het) boek click to hear 'book'
(het) verhaal click to hear 2 'story'
(de) roman click to hear 'novel'
(het) gedicht click to hear 'poem'
(het) toneelstuk click to hear 'play'
(de) muziek click to hear 2 'music'
(het) schilderij click to hear 2 'painting'
(het) beeld click to hear 2 'sculpture, statue'
(het) standbeeld * click to hear 2 3 'sculpture, statue'
(de) foto click to hear 'picture, photograph'
(de) film click to hear 2 'film, movie'
(de) kunst click to hear 'art'
(de) plankenkoorts click to hear 2 stage fright
(het) publiek click to hear 2 audience
toeschouwers click to hear 2 spectators, viewers (audience)

Hear the Names of: Dutch Painters - The World of Vermeer - Rembrandt
- Early Flemish and Dutch Painters - Dutch Musicians

Emergency Services, Civil Servants, Politics, Organisations

brandweerman click to hear 2 firefighter
politieman click to hear 2 policeman, 'cop'
agent click to hear 2 policeman, 'cop'
Emergency Preparedness
boswachter click to hear forrester, ranger
bewaker click to hear 2 guard
ambtenaar * click to hear civil servant, bureaucrat
beambte * click to hear official
bode click to hear 'messenger' *
postbode click to hear 2 postman, mail carrier
politicus click to hear politician
afgevaardigde click to hear 2 representative
minister click to hear 2 cabinet minister
minister-president click to hear 2
premier (Fr.) click to hear
prime minister
president click to hear 2 president
Government and Politics in Holland
a short essay with a list of Dutch words
bemiddelaar click to hear 2 mediator
woordvoerder click to hear 2 spokesperson
voorzitter click to hear 2 chairman
penningmeester click to hear 2 3 treasurer
secretaris click to hear secretary
vrijwilliger click to hear 2 volunteer

The Military

More Military Words
militair click to hear military person *
beroepsmilitair click to hear 2 3 professional soldier
soldaat click to hear soldier
korporaal click to hear 2 corporal
sergeant (Fr.) click to hear sergeant
onderofficier click to hear 2 non-commissioned
officer, subaltern
officier click to hear 2 officer
luitenant click to hear lieutenant
kapitein click to hear 2 captain
majoor click to hear 2 major
kolonel click to hear colonel
generaal click to hear 2 general
maarschalk click to hear 2 marshall
matroos click to hear sailor
schout-bij-nacht click to hear rear admiral
admiraal click to hear 2 admiral
mariniers click to hear 2 marines
rekruut click to hear recruit
vaandrig click to hear 2 officer cadet (army)
adelborst click to hear officer cadet (navy)
scherpschutter click to hear 2 sniper
[sharpshooter]
schildwacht click to hear 2 3 sentry
lijfwacht click to hear 2 bodyguard
krijger click to hear 2 warrior, 'brave'
dienstweigeraar click to hear 2 conscientious
objector
krijgsgevangene click to hear 2 prisoner of war
vijand click to hear 2 enemy
vluchteling click to hear 2 refugee
spion click to hear 2
spy
verrader click to hear traitor

Crime

rechter click to hear judge
advocaat click to hear 2 lawyer
getuige click to hear 2 witness
(het) slachtoffer click to hear 2 3 victim
verdachte click to hear 2 suspect
gevangene click to hear 2 prisoner
cipier click to hear 2 warden, jailer
beul click to hear executioner
misdadiger click to hear criminal
crimineel click to hear 2 3 criminal *
dief click to hear 2
dievegge click to hear 2
thief (male)
thief (female)
inbreker click to hear 2
(de) inbraak click to hear 2
burglar
burglary
zakkenroller click to hear 2 3 pickpocket
overvaller click to hear 2
(de) overval click to hear
(de) roofoverval click to hear 2
(armed) robber, mugger
robbery; raid
(armed) robbery
zwendelaar click to hear 2
oplichter click to hear 2
swindler, crook
valsemunter click to hear counterfeiter
heler click to hear dealer in stolen goods
piraat click to hear 2 pirate
kaper click to hear hijacker; privateer
rover click to hear 2 3 robber (old-fashioned)
zeerover click to hear 2 ['sea-robber'] pirate,
buccaneer
struikrover click to hear ['bush-robber'] highwayman
plunderaar click to hear 2 looter, pillager
bandiet click to hear 2 bandit
moordenaar click to hear 2 3 murderer
(de) moord click to hear 2 murder
boef click to hear 2 scoundrel, rascal
criminal (jocular)
schurk click to hear scoundrel
schavuit click to hear 2 3 rogue
(de) misdaad click to hear crime
(de) dader click to hear 2 ['do-er'] perpetrator
(de) rechtszaak click to hear lawsuit, court case
(het) bewijs click to hear 2 proof
(het) vonnis click to hear 2 sentence, verdict
(de) straf click to hear punishment
(de) gevangenis click to hear prison
(het) losgeld click to hear 2 ['release-money'] - ransom

Traditional, Miscellaneous

boer click to hear farmer >>
visser click to hear fisherman
schaapherder click to hear shepherd
schaapscheerder click to hear sheep shearer
houthakker click to hear 2 3 lumberjack, logger >>
mijnwerker click to hear miner
smid click to hear 2 blacksmith
hoefsmid click to hear 2 3 farrier
schoorsteenveger click to hear 2 3 chimney sweep
kleermaker click to hear 2
naaister click to hear
(het) naaistertje click to hear 2
tailor
seamstress
'little' seamstress
deskundige click to hear 2
expert click to hear
expert, specialist, consultant
adviseur click to hear 2 advisor, consultant
(het) advies click to hear 2 advice
assistent click to hear 2 assistant
vrijwilliger click to hear 2 volunteer
leider click to hear leader
volgeling click to hear follower
helderziende click to hear 2 clairvoyant, psychic
(het) medium click to hear 2 'medium' - conduit to the dead
koppensneller click to hear 2 headhunter (literal)
robot click to hear robot
huichelaar click to hear 2 3 hypocrite

Sports

More Sports Words
sportvrouw click to hear sportswoman
sportman click to hear sportsman
voetballer click to hear 2 soccer player
schaatsster click to hear (ice) skater (female)
schaatser click to hear 2 (ice) skater (male)
tennisser click to hear tennis player
scheidsrechter click to hear 2 referee
grensrechter click to hear 2 side ref
trainer (Engl.) click to hear 2 coach
Hear the names of Dutch sportsmen and -women

Days of Old

More Days of Old Words
scharensliep click to hear 2 scissors (and knives) sharpener
schillenboer click to hear 2 collector of vegetable and fruit peel and scraps
ketellapper click to hear 2 (pans and) kettles mender
marskramer click to hear 2 peddler, door-to-door salesman
koetsier click to hear coachman, stagecoach driver
min click to hear wet nurse
stadsomroeper click to hear 2 town crier
veldwachter click to hear 2 village policeman
brouwer click to hear 2 brewer
kuiper click to hear cooper (barrel maker)
molenaar click to hear 2 3 miller
schoolmeester click to hear 2 elementary school teacher (male)
bedelaar click to hear 2 beggar
landloper click to hear 2
zwerver click to hear 2
tramp, hobo

Medieval, Nobility, Feudal

See also: More about the Middle Ages
(de) keizer click to hear emperor
koning click to hear king
prins click to hear
prinses click to hear
prince
princess
hertog click to hear
hertog/hertogen click to hear 2
duke
duke/dukes
graaf click to hear
graven click to hear 2
count
plural: counts
jonker click to hear 2 squire (low nobility)
jonkvrouw click to hear a noble lady
edelman click to hear 2 a member of the
nobility (male)
ridder click to hear knight
page (Fr.) click to hear
schildknaap click to hear 2
squire, knight's
servant
ruiter click to hear 2 horseman
boogschutter click to hear 2 archer
(het) voetvolk click to hear 2 foot soldiers
minstreel click to hear 2 troubadour
hofnar click to hear 2 court jester
voorproever click to hear taster

Fairy Tales World

More Fairy Tales Words
tovenaar click to hear 2 wizard, sorcerer
tovenaarsleerling click to hear sorcerer's apprentice
waarzegster click to hear 2 fortune teller (female)
fee click to hear fairy
elf click to hear elf *
heks click to hear witch
zeemeermin click to hear mermaid
dwerg click to hear dwarf
kabouter click to hear 2 3 gnome, goblin, dwarf
reus click to hear
plural: reuzen click to hear
giant
giants

Irregular Plurals and Long Words

More Plurals
zeeman / zeelui click to hear 2 3
also: zeelieden click to hear
sailor / sailors
sailors
stuurman / stuurlui click to hear ship officer / officers
vuilnisman / vuilnismannen click to hear garbageman/men, sanitation engineer/engineers
vakman click to hear 2 / vakmensen click to hear 2 professional/professionals
edelman / edelen click to hear nobleman/nobles
politicus / politici click to hear 2 - politician(s) - notice the change in the C-pronunciation
criticus / critici click to hear 2 - critic(s), reviewer(s) - notice the change in the second C-pronunciation >>
musicus / musici click to hear - (serious) musician(s) - muzikanten click to hear 2 - (less serious) musicians
technicus / technici click to hear - engineer(s), technician(s) - geluidstechnicus click to hear 2 - sound engineer
academicus click to hear 2 / academici click to hear 2 - a person (people) with a university degree
machinebankwerker click to hear 2 lathe operator (working metal)
spoorwegovergangwachter click to hear the attendant at the railroad crossing who takes care of
(or checks on) the lowering and lifting the traffic barriers

Places of Work

(het) kantoor click to hear office
(het) bureau click to hear desk
office
(de) fabriek click to hear 2 factory
(het) bedrijf click to hear 2 company
(het) ziekenhuis click to hear 2 hospital
(het) labortorium click to hear
(het) lab click to hear
laboratory
(de) school click to hear school
(de) universiteit click to hear university
Education in Holland
(de) boerderij click to hear farm
(de) winkel click to hear 2 shop, store >>
thuis click to hear (at) home
het huishouden click to hear running the household
(de) huisvlijt click to hear 2 3 home industry,
things made at home

Do-It-Yourself

doe-het-zelf click to hear
[I am drawing]
ik teken click to hear
[I am sawing, cutting wood]
ik zaag click to hear
[I am planing, smoothing a wood surface]
ik schaaf click to hear
[I am drilling]
ik boor click to hear
[I am hitting a nail with a hammer]
ik timmer click to hear
[I am sanding]
ik schuur click to hear
[I am painting (with clear finish)]
ik lak click to hear
[A collection of tools]
tools
- 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
[I am writing]
ik schrijf click to hear - more
English Dutch
infinitive
simple
present
singular
simple
past
singular
perfect
tense
English
example
to say I say I said I have said
to draw tekenen ik teken ik tekende ik heb getekend click to hear
to cut with a saw zagen ik zaag ik zaagde ik heb gezaagd click to hear
to plane schaven ik schaaf ik schaafde ik heb geschaafd click to hear
to drill boren ik boor ik boorde ik heb geboord click to hear
to hammer timmeren ik timmer ik timmerde ik heb getimmerd click to hear
to sand schuren ik schuur ik schuurde ik heb geschuurd click to hear
to paint
(color)
verven ik verf ik verfde ik heb geverfd click to hear
to paint
(clear finish)
lakken ik lak ik lakte ik heb gelakt click to hear
to write schrijven ik schrijf ik schreef ik heb geschreven click to hear - more
See also Dutch Verbs
'Timmeren' click to hear 2 is not only wielding a hammer, but to perform carpentry in general.
Ik heb een uur in de tuin gewerkt. click to hear I worked in the yard for an hour. >>
Ik moest gras maaien. click to hear
OR: onkruid wieden click to hear
OR: bladeren harken click to hear 2
I had to mow the lawn. (literally: the grass.)
'remove weeds'
'rake leaves'
Ik heb de plank te kort afgezaagd click to hear 2 I cut off the board too short (I cut off too much)
Laat het aan de vakman over click to hear Leave it to the professionals (Dutch uses the singular 'professional')

More Phrases: The Most Basic Phrases - Weather - Food and Drink - Travel - Sleep - Various - Fun Things to Say
- Time - Speaking Dutch, Speaking about Dutch - The Senses - Sayings and Idiom
Further Study: Basic Dutch Words - Pictures Dictionary - Easy Dutch - Lessons - Pronunciation - Listening - Reading - Grammar

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Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2