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|mogen||'may,' 'to be allowed to'|
|ik mag||'I may'|
|wij mogen||'we may'|
|ik mocht||'I might'|
|wij mochten||'we might'|
|ik heb gemogen||I was allowed|
|mogen||'may,' to be allowed to|
|ik mag||'I may'|
|jij mag||'you may' (singular, informal you)|
|hij mag||'he may'|
|wij mogen||'we may'|
|jullie mogen||'you may' (plural, informal you)|
|zij mogen||'they may'|
|U mag||'you may' (polite you)|
|(mogen)||'may,' 'to be allowed to'|
|ik mocht||I was allowed to|
|jij mocht||you were allowed to|
|hij mocht||he was allowed to|
|wij mochten||we were allowed to|
|jullie mochten||y'all were allowed to|
|zij mochten||they were allowed to|
|U mocht||you were allowed to|
'Mogen' is a bit hard to translate in English. It means something like 'being allowed to,' but in English that's often said in a variety of ways like 'may' or 'should' or even 'can.' Study the examples below for a better understanding.
Ik mag geen varkensvlees eten
[I'm not allowed to] I can't eat pork (doctor's orders, religion)
Als ik dat vragen mag
[If I'm allowed to ask] - If I may ask [that]
Als 't licht groen is mag je doorrijden
When the light is green you may drive on
't Mag de pret niet drukken
[It's not allowed to dampen the enjoyment] - We can't let it spoil the fun
't Mag geen geld kosten
[It cannot cost any money] - I/We don't want to pay serious money for it
't Mag nooit meer gebeuren
[It may never be allowed to happen again] - We cannot allow it to ever happen again - Never again!
'Mag ik ...' 2 3 ('May I ...' ) is a quite common start of a polite question. It can be variously translated as 'Could I have ...' or 'Can I please ...' but sometimes English would be 'Allow me ...' or things like that.
Mag ik wat water?
Could I have some water?
Mag ik een glas water? 2
Can I have a glass of water please?
Mag ik een beetje kaas? 2
Could I have some cheese?
Mag ik wat meel?
Could I have some flour?
Mag ik zonder cafe´ne?
Can I please have decaf?
Mag ik de rekening? 2 3
Can I have the bill, please? Check, please!
Mag ik het recept?
Could I get the recipe?
Mag ik de boter?
Can I have the butter? Please pass the butter
Mag ik U een verfrissing aanbieden?
Literally, a formal way to offer a refreshment, but usually said in jest when opening a window in a stuffy room
Mag ik me even voorstellen?
Allow me to introduce myself
Mag ik even? 2 3 4 5
Allow me ... ~Excuse me ...
The common word for 'excuse me' is the Dutchified French 'pardon'
Mag ik U iets vragen?
Could I ask you something?
Mag het iets meer zijn?
Is it OK if it's a little more? For instance, the butcher has cut off a much larger piece than you asked for
Wie 't weet mag 't zeggen
Those who know the answer may speak up - often said after a question with no answer
Jullie mogen wel Nederlands praten
It's OK for you to speak Dutch ("I can understand it, I won't feel shut out")
You could just as well say:
Jullie kunnen wel Nederlands praten 2 3
Ze mogen wel oppassen
They should watch out, they'd better be careful
Jullie mogen niet klagen
You guys shouldn't complain
We mogen niet klagen 2
We shouldn't complain
Things are not ideal, but good enough, there is really no reason to complain
Mochten er problemen zijn ...
If, in case that there are problems ...
Mochten er vragen zijn ...
If, in case that there are questions ...
We mochten geen foto's maken
We were not allowed to take pictures
Hij mocht er niet in 2
He was not allowed to go in, he was denied entry
is an old-fashioned verb meaning 'to be benificial, to
help' - 'to avail.' It is only found in expressions, like:
't Mocht niet baten 2
It didn't help (it was too late, too little - it was of no avail)
't Most niet magge
It shouldn't be allowed, How does the Lord allow? - in 'proper' Dutch it would be: " 't moest niet mogen " but nobody says that
means to like a person, to get on well with someone
Ik mag hem graag I like him, we get on well
mogelijk 2 (mogelijke ) is 'possible,' onmogelijk 2 is 'impossible' and (de) mogelijkheid 2 3 is '(the) possibility'
zo spoedig mogelijk
as soon as possible
zo lang mogelijk 2
as long as possible
Met alle mogelijke middelen 2
'With all possible means'
Hoe is 't mogelijk? - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6
How is it possible? How can it be?
't Is haast onmogelijk 2
It's almost impossible
Compare with: kunnen ('can,' 'be able to')
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Gij zult niet stelen 'Thou shalt not steal'