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Dutch Verb 'Zijn' (to be) - Smartphones Page

'Zijn' click to hear ('to be') is a very common Dutch verb, and like most often-used verbs it is irregular.
Sample Lines

Archaic Forms
zijn to be
ik ben I am
jij bent you are(singular, informal you)
hij is he is
wij zijn we are
jullie zijn you are(plural, informal you)
zij zijn they are
U bent you are(polite you)
click to hear

(zijn) to be
ik was I was
jij was you were
hij was he was
wij waren we were
jullie waren y'all were
zij waren they were
U was you
click to hear

Ik ben geweest click to hear I have been
Ik was geweest click to hear 2 I had been

ik ben blij I am glad
jij bent blij you are glad(singular, informal
hij is blij he is glad
wij zijn blij we are glad
jullie zijn blij y'all are glad
zij zijn blij they are glad
click to hear

ben ik blij? am I glad?
ben jij blij? are you glad?
is hij blij? is he glad?
zijn wij blij? are we glad?
zijn jullie blij? are y'all glad?
zijn zij blij? are they glad?
click to hear

U bent blij you are glad(polite you)
bent U blij? are you glad?
click to hear
Do note that for 'zijn' 'polite you' 'U' has the same verb form as 'you singular informal 'je' - but 'U' does not drop the T when the verb comes before the subject in question mode.
The opposite is boos click to hear 'angry.'
je bent boos click to hear 2 you're angry
ben je boos? click to hear 2 are you angry?
'To Be' and Dutch 'Zijn' can mean many things like 'to occur,' 'to exist' or having a quality, a nature etc. But next to that, 'to be' and 'zijn' are auxiliary verbs with meanings that are not the same in Dutch and English.

English 'to be' is also the auxiliary verb for the Passive Voice. Dutch uses another verb: worden click to hear 2 while Dutch 'zijn' is the auxilary verb for the Perfect Tense of some verbs. It may be confusing - more.

ik ben ziek click to hear 2 3 I am sick
ik ben ziek geweest click to hear 2 3 I have been sick
ik word geschopt door Jan click to hear I am kicked by Jan

Sample Lines

ik ben ziek click to hear 2 I'm sick
ik ben niet ziek click to hear 2 3 I'm not sick
ik ben in Schiedam click to hear 2 3 I'm in Schiedam
ik was in Friesland click to hear 2 3 I was in Friesland (Frisia?)
hij is in België click to hear 2 he's in Belgium
ik ben duizelig click to hear 2 3 I'm dizzy
ik ben een Engelsman click to hear 'I'm an Englishman >>
ik ben een Amerikaan click to hear I'm [an] American
ik ben thuis click to hear I am at home
ik ben verkouden click to hear I have a cold
jij bent aan de beurt click to hear
also: jij bent click to hear
It's your turn
je bent bezweet click to hear 2 you're sweaty
The second person singular ('jij') of almost all verbs has a T-ending, but when the verb comes before the subject (like in questions) the T for the second person singular is dropped.
ben je ziek? click to hear 2 are you sick?
waar ben je? click to hear 2 where are you?
waar ben je geweest? click to hear 2 3 where have you been?
hij is ziek click to hear 2 he is sick
hij is oud click to hear he is old
zij is een zangeres click to hear she is a lady singer
het is laat click to hear it is late
't is te laat click to hear it is too late
het is niet ver click to hear 2 it's not far
't is tien uur click to hear it's 10 o'clock
't is koud click to hear it's cold
't is warm click to hear it's warm
de deur is open click to hear 2 the door is open
dit is mijn huis click to hear this is my house
dat is een goed idee click to hear that's a gpod idea
dat is interessant click to hear 2 that's interesting
het is goed genoeg click to hear it is good enough
er is genoeg brood click to hear 2 there is enough bread
wat is de prijs? click to hear what's the price?
hoe duur is 't? click to hear 2 3 how expensive is it?
hoe duur is dit? click to hear how expensive is this?
het is te duur click to hear it's too expensive
wat is uw naam? click to hear 2 what's your name?
mijn naam is Daniël click to hear 2 my name is Daniel
mijn naam is ... click to hear my name is ... ->>
zij zijn rijk click to hear 2 they are rich
zij waren rijk click to hear they were rich
zij waren te laat click to hear They were too late
Londen is ouder dan Berlijn click to hear
London is older than Berlin
de appels zijn groen click to hear
the apples are green
In 't begin was 't woord click to hear
'In the beginning was the word' (John 1:1)
In 't begin was er 't woord click to hear 2 3
'In the beginning there was the word'
Ben je wel eens in Denemarken geweest? click to hear<
Have you ever been to Denmark?
Ben je ooit in Memphis geweest? click to hear
Have you ever been to Memphis?
Terug van weggeweest click to hear 2 3 4
Back [from having been away]

'Wassen' click to hear 2 is 'to wash' and also 'to do laundry.' So ik was click to hear can next to 'I was' also mean 'I wash' or 'I'm doing laundry' - and (de) was click to hear means 'laundry,' and actually also 'wax,' the material for candles and polishing.
ik waste click to hear 2 'I washed'
Ik was de ramen click to hear 2
I'm washing the windows

[laundry basket with laundry]
wasmand met was click to hear
laundry basket with laundry ->>
[me as a child 'doing laundry'  with a washboard]
wasbord click to
  hear washboard ->>

It is a bit of a stretch, but
'Ik was de hond' click to hear 2
could mean both 'I'm washing the dog' and 'I was the dog' (in a dream, game or a play)


A fairly common slang (or 'old') form of the imperative ('command mode') of 'to be' is 'wees' click to hear 2 - for instance:
Wees aardig voor dieren click to hear 2
'Be kind to animals'
Wees aardig voor de dieren click to hear
'Be kind to the animals'
The first line of the Dutch 'Hail Mary:'
Wees gegroet, Maria click to hear 2
'Be greeted, Maria' ->>
Wees verdacht op ... click to hear 2 3
Expect, watch out for, be prepared for ...
Wees verdacht op windstoten click to hear
Expect, watch out for, be prepared for sudden gusts of wind
Wees voorzichtig! click to hear 2 'Be careful!'
The proper phrase is:
Ben voorzichtig! click to hear 2 'Be careful!'

A not unusual slang variation of 'zijn' is wezen click to hear 2
't Zal je kind maar wezen click to
'Imagine it would be your child,' 'To have a child like that ...'
't Zal me worst wezen click to hear 2
['It will be sausage to me'] - expression meaning 'I don't care at all'

(De) wees click to hear 2 and wezen click to hear 2 are the singular and plural for 'orphan' and (het) wezen click to hear 2 may also mean 'the essence.' 'Wees/wezen' is also the past tense of the strong verb 'wijzen' click to hear 2 (to point) wijzen/wees/gewezen click to hear

A less common slang variation is 'benne' click to hear 2 for 'zijn'
"We benne op de wereld om mekaar te hellepe niewaar?" click to hear 2
We are in this world to help each other out, isn't it?
- or in the Piet Hein song:
Zijn daden benne groot click to hear
'His actions are great'

Archaic Forms

When I learned the standard prayers in the late fifties they still had some archaic forms of 'zijn:'

- from The Lord's Prayer:
Onze Vader die in de hemel zijt ... click to hear 2
Our Father which art in heaven ...

- from the Hail Mary:
... Gij zijt de gezegende onder de vrouwen ... click to hear 2
... Thou art the blessed one among women ...

Matthew 5:37 (also in James 5:12) - condemning the swearing of oaths
Maar Uw woord ja zij ja, neen, neen click to hear 2 3
But let your 'Yes' be 'Yes' and your 'No,' 'No'
(Let what you say be simply 'Yes' or 'No')

wat daar bijkomt is uit den boze click to hear 2
anything more than this comes from evil

Godzijdank click to hear 2 3 [God deserves thanks, the Lord be thanked] - 'fortunately'

And there is the phrase
Als het ware click to hear 2 'As it were'

the perfect tense - Hebben - 'to have' >>

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Gij zult niet stelen click to hear 'Thou shalt not steal'