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From Birth to Death: A Few Dutch Words of Life

Life - Phases
Life - '(het) Leven'
To Live, Be Alive - 'Leven'
To Live, Reside - 'Wonen'
Growth, Young and Old
Sickness and Death
Challenges

Life - Phases

zwanger click to hear 2
(de) zwangerschap click to hear
pregnant
pregnancy
in verwachting click to hear 2
'in blijde verwachting' click to hear
expecting
'(happily) expecting'
(de) vrouwenarts click to hear
(de) vroedvrouw click to hear 2 3
(de) kraamvrouw click to hear
gynaecologist
midwife
new mother
(de) wee click to hear
weeën click to hear
(de) bevalling click to hear
contraction
contractions
(baby) delivery
(de) ooievaar click to hear stork
(de) geboorte click to hear birth
(de) baby (English) click to hear baby
(de) geboortedatum click to hear 2
(de) geboorteplaats click to hear
(de) verjaardag click to hear
birthdate
birthplace
birthday
>>
(de) doop click to hear
dopen click to hear 2
baptism
to baptize
(het) kind click to hear 2
ouders click to hear
child
parents
see also: Family Tree

(de)leeftijd click to hear 2 3 age ->>
(de) peuter click to hear 2 small child, 1-3
(de) dreumes click to hear small child, 1-3
(de) kleuter click to hear toddler, small child, 4-5
(de) tiener click to hear teenager
(de) volwassene click to hear 2 an adult, a grownup
volwassen click to hear adult, grownup
(de) bejaarde click to hear 2 elderly person
bejaard click to hear elderly, ~over 65

(de) crèche (French) click to hear / (het) kinderdagverblijf click to hear 2 'daycare'
(de) peuterspeelzaal click to hear 'preschool, nursery school'
(de) school click to hear 'school' ->>

Ik ben in Nederland geboren click to hear I was born in Holland ->>
Ik ben in Nederland geboren en opgegroeid click to hear I was born and (grew up) raised in Holland
geboren en getogen click to hear 2 3 born and bred
ouden van dagen click to hear 2 3 4 ['olds of days'] a polite phrase for elderly people

Like English 'child,' Dutch kind click to hear 2 has an irregular plural: kinderen click to hear 2 ('children') - plurals ->>

Ze hebben drie kinderen click to hear They have 3 children
Er zijn inmiddels drie kinderen click to hear 2 By now [there are] they have 3 children
Hij is getrouwd en heeft twee kinderen click to hear slow He is married with 2 children
Hoe doen je kinderen het op school? click to hear How are your kids doing at school?
Ik vertelde de kinderen een verhaaltje click to hear 2 I told the children a story

Life - '(het) Leven'

(het) leven click to hear 2 life
leven click to hear 2 to live
levend click to hear alive
levendig click to hear 2 lively
levenslang click to hear 2 life-long; also: life sentence
(de) levensverzekering click to hear life insurance
in levensgevaar click to hear 2 in [life] mortal danger
levensgevaarlijk click to hear 2 very dangerous

(het) bestaan click to hear 2 3 existence
(de) roeping click to hear 2 3 "calling"
(het) levenswerk click to hear Magnum Opus, life's work
(het) stilleven click to hear 2 still life (painting)

samen click to hear together ->>
(De) samenleving click to hear 2 'society' - people living together in a somewhat ordered community, like the whole world or a country.
Also: (de) maatschappij click to hear 2 'society,' but this word can also mean 'company, commercial business'
'Company' as people with you is (het) gezelschap click to hear 2 which, like in English, can also mean a group of people come together for arts, making music or staging plays etc. in goed gezelschap click to hear
in good company

To Live, to Be Alive - 'Leven'

English 'to live' and Dutch leven click to hear 2 usually mean something like 'to be alive' or 'to exist.' Dutch (het) leven is the noun 'life.' For 'live' music Dutch uses the English word 'live.'

Leven je ouders nog? click to hear Are your parents still alive?
Leven en laten leven click to hear 2 Live and let live
De mens kan niet alleen van brood leven click to hear Man cannot live by bread alone
Van de hand in de tand leven click to hear 'Living hand to [tooth] mouth' (on very little money)
Hoop doet leven click to hear [Hope makes you live] Hope fuels life
We leven nog click to hear 2 3 'We're still alive (It was a dfficult time but we survived)
We hebben 't overleefd click to hear We have survived (it - a challenge)
Er zouden geen overlevenden zijn click to hear 2 It was said there were no survivors
't Leven gaat door click to hear 2 Life goes on (moving on after a loss)
twee jaar van m'n leven click to hear 2 two years of my life
de mooiste tijd van m'n leven click to hear 2 the [most beautiful] best [time] years of my life
't Gebeurt maar eens in je leven click to hear 2 It happens only once in your life
'Hij wil z'n leven beteren' click to hear 2 3 does not mean simply 'He wants to improve his life' or 'He wants to do better' but it specifically means 'he' wants to move his life away from crime and/or bad behavior towards a more decent, moral attitude
Ik word geleefd click to hear ['I'm being lived'] - I'm so busy with other things there's no time for myself
Tijd van leven click to hear 2 3 'Time to live' - the time to enjoy life, doing your own thing

To Live, to Reside - 'Wonen'

But English 'to live' can also mean 'to reside,' referring to the place where you live. For that meaning, Dutch uses the verb wonen click to hear 2
See also: House
wonen
to reside, 'live'
- ik woon
I 'reside'
- wij wonen
we 'reside'
- ik woonde
I 'resided'
- wij woonden
we 'resided'
- ik heb gewoond
I have 'resided'
click to hear

(de) woning click to hear 2 3 official, bookish word for 'house' - 'dwelling, residence'
'onbewoonbaar verklaarde woning' click to hear 2 3 [house declared unlivable] condemned building, officially declared unfit for habitation
Ik woon in Amerika click to hear I live in the US
samenwonen click to hear 2 (a couple) living together (without being married)
Woon je ver van je werk? click to hear Do you live far from your work?
Hij woont dicht bij het museum click to hear He lives close to the museum
Ik heb tot m'n 37ste in Nederland gewoond click to hear 2
(zevenendertigste)
I lived in Holland till age 37
De mensen die naast ons wonen click to hear The people (who live) next door (to us)
We wonen nog maar kort hier click to hear 2 We've only been living here or a short time
Hij woont thuis click to hear 2 "He lives at home" - said of adults living with their parents
Likewise: Bij ons thuis click to hear 2 ['At our home'] - it usually refers to the parents' home when the speaker was a child

Growth, Young and Old

(de) groei click to hear growth groeien click to hear 2 to grow
jong click to hear young jong/jonge click to hear 2
oud click to hear 2 old oud/oude click to hear

in m'n jonge jaren click to hear 2 3 'in my younger years, when I was younger'
de jeugd van tegenwoordig click to hear 2 the young people of today
Jong geleerd, oud gedaan click to hear 2 3 4 ['learned young, still doing it at old age'] what's learned young will still be easy at old age
Ik word oud click to hear 2 I'm getting old
Ik ben wel oud, maar toch niet zo oud click to hear 2 I may be old, but I'm not that old
Op m'n oude dag click to hear 2 in my old [day] age
(de) levensavond click to hear 2 [life's evening] old age
De tijd zal 't leren click to hear 2 Time will [teach] tell
De tand des tijds click to hear 2 3 4 'The tooth of time'] - decay due to age (human and general)
Met de ouderdom komen de gebreken click to hear 2 '[With] In old age defects appear'
Daar ben ik te oud voor click to hear 2 I'm too old for that
Oud en de dagen zat click to hear 2 3 Old and tired of the days
But: 'Ik ben weer de oude' click to hear 2 ['I'm the old one again'] - 'I'm back to normal'

Sickness and Death

(de) ziekte click to hear illness, sickness
ziek click to hear ill, sick >>
(de) dood click to hear death
dood click to hear
(dood / dode click to hear 2)
dead
doodgaan click to hear to die >>
sterven click to hear to die >>
(het) overlijden click to hear 2 3 (the) passing away
overlijden click to hear 2 3 to pass away >>
(de) begrafenis click to hear funeral, burial
begraven click to hear to bury
(het) graf click to hear grave
graven * click to hear graves; to dig
(de) euthanasie click to hear 2 3 4 5 euthanasia
(de) abortus click to hear 2 abortion

See also: 'Medical' for many more words and lines about health and illness

(de) Dodenherdenking click to hear 2 Remembrance of the Dead - specifically the May 4th ceremonies honoring those that died in the Second World War
Gij zult niet doden click to hear Thou shalt not kill ->>
De hond van de buren is doodgegaan click to hear 2 3 4 The neighbors' dog died
M'n vader is veertig jaar geleden overleden click to hear 2 My Dad passed away 40 years ago
Mijn moeder zou dit jaar honderd geworden zijn click to hear 2 My mother would have turned 100 years old this year
Als ik er niet meer ben ... click to hear 2 3 When I'm no [more] longer around, when I'm gone (have died)
Magere Hein click to hear ['Skinny Henry'] 'The Grim Reaper'
De pijp aan Maarten geven click to hear 2 (saying) ['give] Hand the pipe to Maarten' - to pass away, die
verrekken click to hear 2 3 1. to overstretch, strain, pull a muscle or tendon
2. to die miserably
creperen click to hear 2 3 to die miserably

Like English, Dutch has a few somewhat humorous, exaggerating phrases referring to death:

Ik ben doodop click to hear 2 I'm dead-tired
Ik word er doodmoe van click to hear 2 I get dead-tired of it, I'm sick of it
Zo dood als een pier click to hear Dead as a [rainworm] doornail, dead like disco
Ik verveel me te pletter click to hear 2 3 ['I'm crushed by boredom'] - I'm bored to death
Ik erger me dood click to hear 2 3 I'm annoyed to death, I'm very annoyed
Als blikken konden doden ... click to hear 2 If looks could kill ...
Ik sterf van de honger click to hear 2 3 ['I'm dying of hunger, I'm starving'] - I'm very hungry
Ik kom om van de honger click to hear 2 3 ['I'm dying of hunger, I'm starving'] - I'm very hungry

Dutch sterven click to hear ->> means 'to die.' It's of course from the same root as English 'to starve' but exact meanings diverged -
(de) sterveling click to hear ('mortal')

In speaking, the 'D' in oude click to hear 2 (oud/oude click to hear - 'old') is often 'softened to a W-sound: oude / ouwe click to hear - oude man click to hear / oude baas click to hear / ouwe baas click to hear ('old man') - 'je ouwelui' click to hear 2 ('your old folks,' that is: 'your parents')
Less commonly, the second D in 'dode' ('dead') sometimes is said as consonant Y (Dutch J, here written as 'I') - dode / dooie click to hear 2 - dode bladeren click to
  hear / dooie blâren click to
  hear ('[dead] fallen leaves')

't Leven na de dood click to hear 2 3 click to hear
Life after death, the afterlife ->>

from Ecclesiastes 12 (Prediker click to hear 2 )
... want de mens gaat naar zijn eeuwig huis en de rouwklagers gaan rond op straat ... click to hear
... because man goes to his eternal home, and the (professional) mourners go about in the street ... ->>

See also: Words of Time and Words of Change

Challenges

Met de ouderdom komen de gebreken click to hear 2 '[With] In old age defects, infirmities appear'
[I walk with a cane]
Ik loop met een stok click to hear 2 3 slow
[I ride a tricycle]
Ik rij op een driewieler click to hear
[reading glasses]
leesbril click to hear
[hearing aid]
gehoorapparaat click to hear
[three canes]
wandelstokken click to hear
[crutches]
krukken click to hear
[Every Day I'm Shufflin']

(de) rollator click to hear walker
(de) rolstoel click to hear 2 wheelchair

vergeetachtig click to hear forgetful, having a tendency to forget things
Heb je al een rollator? click to hear 2 3 Do you already have a walker?
Ik heb geen rollator click to hear 2 3 I don't have a walker
Ik heb nog geen rollator click to hear I don't have a walker yet
Ik heb nog steeds geen rollator click to hear 2 3 I still don't have a walker
Ik heb een rollator click to hear 2 I have a walker, I do have a walker

email - Copyright © Marco Schuffelen 2015. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, redistributed, or hotlinked to.
Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2