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Dutch X - Skip General Series Introduction

Pronunciation: Hear for Yourself

Do take my words for it
Too many examples! Listen just to what looks interesting or useful to you. That's the beauty of a free website - you can just skip what you don't need without feeling bad that you paid for something that's of no use to you. Listen to as many or as few examples as you want. Look for words that may be useful to you. - Can there be too many examples for you students to listen to?
Pay special attention to letters, letter combinations and sounds that you don't have in your own language
These pronunciation pages are not meant for learning vocabulary. The English translations may lack in precision. But if you like, follow the occasional links ‑>> to explanation, examples of usage and/or related words.
Learning Vocabulary

Adjectives in most positions get an -E  ending ‑>>
Several words appear twice on the page. I do not have an infinite number of recordings, and some combinations of letters are rarely or never found in Dutch.

Spelling and Pronunciation

Dutch spelling/pronunciation rules say that: So (de) man click to hear 2 ('man, human adult male) has the plural mannen (man-nen) click to hear 2 while (de) maan click to hear 2 ('moon') has the plural manen (ma-nen) click to hear 2 3

'Long' and 'short' are traditional terms. The difference is actually more of tone than length
More about spelling and pronunciation - another version
Learn the Rules by Studying and Listening to Examples

Major Exceptions to the Phonetic Spelling of Dutch:
- Page 1:   een   -IG   -ISCH   -LIJK  
- Page 2:   -B   -D   SCHR   -TIE   UW   WR

Hear the Dutch Letters in Hundreds of Words:
 AU/OU  CH  EI/IJ  EU  F  G  H  L  OE  SCH  U  UI  W  X  Y

'Master Lists' of Dutch words: Dutch to English - English to Dutch

the: de click to hear 2 / het click to hear 2 3 - 't click to hear ->>
Plurals always take 'de'
a: (een) - 'n click to hear / one: één click to hear 2 3

Repeat the words after me, try saying them like I do, and record yourself or ask a friend to compare how you say them with how I say them. Try to bring your pronunciation of the words closer and closer to how I say them. Use as few or as many examples as you like.

X in Dutch

(de) X click to hear 2 3
Dutch X is always like X in AXE - hear Dutch: ex click to hear ('ex-wife or ex-husband') - Dutch KS represents the same sound - hear Dutch: (de) heks click to hear ('witch' - the word is related to English 'hex' - evil spell) - (de) ekster click to hear ('magpie' - a bird)
- straks click to hear 2 ('later, in a moment') - haaks click to hear ('perpendicular,' at a 90° angle) - jaarlijks - (uh!) click to hear 2 ('yearly') - (de) bliksem click to hear ('lightning') - Hoeks click to hear 2 (a family name) - Luiks click to hear (a family name)
In algebra, X is said as the Dutch letter: "iks" click to hear
x + y = z (x plus y is z) click to hear 2 3 ‑>> - smartphone

The 'first series' is grouped by the letter before the X's, the 'second series' is grouped by the letter after the X's:
- first series: 0X-UX - second series: X0-XY

0X  - (de) xenofobie click to hear ('xenophobia') - (het) xenon click to hear 2 3 ('xenon' - a noble gas) - (de) xylofoon click to hear ('xylophone')
- Xantippe click to hear ('Mrs Socrates')
AX  - maximaal click to hear 2 ('maximum' // 'at most') - (het) maximum click to hear 2 ('maximum') - (de) taxi click to hear 2 3 ('taxi, cab') - (de) saxofoon click to hear ('saxophone')
- Ajax click to hear 2 3 (top soccer club from Amsterdam // Greek mythological character) - Max click to hear (a boys' name)
AUX  - (het) bauxiet click to hear 2 3 ('bauxite,' aluminum ore)
EX  - (de) ex click to hear ('ex') - (de) reflex click to hear 2 ('reflex') - (het) triplex click to hear 2 ('laminated board,' 3 layers) - (het) multiplex click to hear 2 ('laminated board,' >5 layers) ‑>> - (het) bioscopencomplex click to hear 2 ('multiplex,' housing several cinemas) - (het) examen click to hear 2 3 ('test, exam') - (het) eindexamen click to hear ('final exam' - at the end of secondary school) - (het) rijexamen click to hear 2 ('driving test') - hexagonaal click to hear ('hexagonal') - excentriek click to hear 2 3 ('eccentric') - (het) excuus click to hear ('apology' // 'excuse') - excuses click to hear ('apologies' // 'excuses') - (het) exemplaar click to hear 2 3 4 ('specimen, ~copy') ‑>> - exemplaren click to hear 2 ('specimens,' '~copies') - flexibel click to hear 2 / flexibele click to hear 2 ('flexible') - (het) experiment click to hear ('experiment') - (de) expert (French ert)  click to hear ('expert') - (de) explosie click to hear ('explosion') - expres click to hear 2 3 ('on purpose, deliberately' // 'express') - (de) sextant click to hear ('sextant' - sea navigation tool) - extra click to hear 2 ('extra') - (het) extract click to hear 2 ('extract, essence')
- Alex click to hear (a boys' name) - Alexander click to hear (a boys' name) - Lex click to hear ('boys' name') - Rex click to hear (a boys' name) - Exel click to hear 2 (a hamlet)
IX  - (de) mix click to hear ('mix, mixture')
- Felix click to hear (a boys' name) - Trix click to hear (a girls' name) - Jan Baptist Weenix click to hear 2 (Dutch painter, ~1640-1719)
NX  - Waddinxveen click to hear (a town)
OX  - (de) basbox click to hear 2 ('woofer,' low sounds loudspeaker) - (het) oxide click to hear ('oxide') - (het) kooldioxide click to hear ('carbondioxide,' CO2)
UX  - (de) luxaflex click to hear 2 ('French blinds') - [(de)] luxe click to hear 2 ('luxury, luxurious')

X0  - (de) ex click to hear ('ex') - (de) reflex click to hear 2 ('reflex') - (het) triplex click to hear 2 ('laminated board,' 3 layers) - (het) multiplex click to hear 2 ('laminated board,' >5 layers) ‑>> - (het) bioscopencomplex click to hear 2 ('multiplex,' housing several cinemas) - (de) mix click to hear ('mix, mixture') - (de) basbox click to hear 2 ('woofer,' low sounds loudspeaker)
- Ajax click to hear 2 3 (top soccer club from Amsterdam // Greek mythological character) - Max click to hear (a boys' name) - Alex click to hear (a boys' name) - Lex click to hear ('boys' name') - Rex click to hear (a boys' name) - Felix click to hear (a boys' name) - Trix click to hear (a girls' name) - Jan Baptist Weenix click to hear 2 (Dutch painter, ~1640-1719)
XA  - (het) examen click to hear 2 3 ('test, exam') - (het) eindexamen click to hear ('final exam' - at the end of secondary school) - (het) rijexamen click to hear 2 ('driving test') - hexagonaal click to hear ('hexagonal') - (de) luxaflex click to hear 2 ('French blinds') - [(de)] luxe click to hear 2 ('luxury, luxurious')
- Xantippe click to hear ('Mrs Socrates') - Alexander click to hear (a boys' name)
XC  - (het) excuus click to hear ('apology' // 'excuse') - excuses click to hear ('apologies' // 'excuses')
XE  - (de) xenofobie click to hear ('xenophobia') - (het) xenon click to hear ('xenon' - a noble gas) - [(de)] luxe click to hear 2 ('luxury, luxurious')
- Exel click to hear 2 (a hamlet) - (het) exemplaar click to hear 2 3 4 ('specimen, ~copy') ‑>> - exemplaren click to hear 2 ('specimens,' '~copies')
XI  - (het) oxide click to hear ('oxide') - (het) kooldioxide click to hear ('carbondioxide,' CO2) - maximaal click to hear 2 ('maximum' // 'at most') - (het) maximum click to hear 2 ('maximum') - (de) taxi click to hear 2 3 ('taxi, cab') - (het) bauxiet click to hear 2 3 ('bauxite,' aluminum ore) - flexibel click to hear 2 flexibele click to hear 2 ('flexible')
XO  - (de) saxofoon click to hear ('saxophone')
XP  - (de) expert (French ert)  click to hear ('expert') - (het) experiment click to hear ('experiment') - (de) explosie click to hear ('explosion') - expres click to hear 2 3 ('on purpose, deliberately' // 'express')
XT  - (de) sextant click to hear ('sextant' - sea navigation tool) - extra click to hear 2 ('extra') - (het) extract click to hear 2 ('extract, essence')
XV  - Waddinxveen click to hear (a town)
XY  - (de) xylofoon click to hear ('xylophone')

The X in the name of the island of Texel  is pronounced as S: - "Tessel" click to hear 2
The X in the word from French - bigarreaux click to hear 2 ('candied cherries') is not pronounced

Major Exceptions to the Phonetic Spelling of Dutch:
- Page 1:   een   -IG   -ISCH   -LIJK  
- Page 2:   -B   -D   SCHR   -TIE   UW   WR

Hear the Dutch Letters in Hundreds of Words:
 AU/OU  CH  EI/IJ  EU  F  G  H  L  OE  SCH  U  UI  W  X  Y

'Master Lists' of Dutch words: Dutch to English - English to Dutch

'Basic' Dutch Words - Pictures Dictionary - Words by Subject - Easy Dutch - Phrases and Conversation Templates - Names - Place Names - verbs

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Gij zult niet stelen click to hear 'Thou shalt not steal'