In Holland, people don't say something like "How are you?" to about
everyone you come across, like in America. Just say it to people you
Next to Heel goed, dank je2
(Very good, thank you)
other possible answers to
Hoe gaat 't?
("How are you?") are:
('good') - redelijk
('reasonably, relatively well')
- 't gaat wel23
('not so bad, hanging in there')
- niet zo goed
('not so good')
is the best all-purpose 'goodbye' and 'see you,' but it is a bit
formal. With a more specific meaning you could say (as I already
('see you in a moment')
- tot straks2
('see you later')
- tot vanmiddag
('see you this afternoon') - tot vanavond
('see you this evening')
- Tot morgen2
('see you tomorrow') or
('see you Monday.')
For 'goodbye' I can only think of the somewhat informal
dag - which is often stretched out to da-ag
or even into a long goodbye
dag - da-ag - dag hoor - nou, dag hoor2.
You may hear people say
but I think it's a bit intimate.
Originally from Groningen, but now a generally popular 'goodbye' is
When I was a teenager, we said things like
(from French 'adieu')
(from Malay) or
(from Hebrew 'mazzal,' luck)
but those things went out of fashion.
I often say
with a goodbye, it's like 'good luck.' Literally it means
[wishing you] 'strength.'
I have the impression people in England and America don't
say something like "Enjoy your meal"
to the other people at the table,
it's the waiter or waitress who says that; but in Holland, saying
Eet smakelijk to your fellow eaters is very common.
When you thank someone whose job it is to help you,
their 'you're welcome' may be:
Tot Uw dienst!2
('at your service'?)
are the magic word 'please,' but they're also said when you
hand someone something, like 'here you are,' and sometimes they're said
in reply to a 'thank you,' in the sense of 'you're welcome, my pleasure.'
Congratulations! Many Congratulations!
Hartelijk gefeliciteerd met je verjaardag!
- >> Gefeliciteerd!2 Hartelijk gefeliciteerd!
Merry Christmas and A Happy New Year!
Happy Year's End!
Happy New Year's Eve and New Year's Day
Happy New Year!
Prettige Kerstdagen en Een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar!2 Prettige Kerstdagen!2
- >> Zalig Kerstfeest!2
(said by Roman Catholics) Zalig Uiteinde!2
(jocular and among Catholics)
Prettige Jaarwisseling!23 Gelukkig Nieuwjaar!
- >> Prettige Paasdagen!
- >> Zalig Pasen!23
(said by Roman Catholics) Prettige Feestdagen!2