[A Dutch flag on the edge of a puddle of water]
colors, materials
[a handful of Brussels sprouts]
food
[small saucepan: lidded pot with a stick handle]
kitchen
[Me riding a bicycle]
bicycles
[Cows in a meadow]
animals
[a variety of items]
more
Search my site: 'Like' the Dutch Website on Facebook - New material added: November 2013

Dutch Vocabulary: Numbers, Money, Time, Days, Holidays, Months etc.

The 'Lessons' have paragraphs about numbers, simple math and dimensions that are a little more elaborate than this page: overview
Numbers
Money
Time
Special Days
0
nul
click to
      hear
1
één
click to
      hear
2
twee
click to
      hear
3
drie
click to
      hear
4
vier
click to
      hear
5
vijf
click to
      hear
6
zes
click to
      hear
7
zeven
click to
      hear
8
acht
click to
      hear
9
negen
click to
      hear
10
tien
click to
      hear
11
elf
click to
      hear
12
twaalf
click to
      hear
13
dertien
click to
      hear
14
veertien
click to
      hear
15
vijftien
click to
      hear
16
zestien
click to
      hear
17
zeventien
click to
      hear
18
achttien
click to
      hear
19
negentien
click to
      hear
20
twintig
click to
      hear
21
éénentwintig
click to
      hear
22
tweeëntwintig
click to
      hear
23
drieëntwintig
click to
      hear
24
vierentwintig
click to
      hear 2
25
vijfentwintig
click to
      hear
26
zesentwintig
click to
      hear
27
zevenentwintig
click to
      hear
28
achtentwintig
click to
      hear
29
negenentwintig
click to
      hear
30
dertig
click to
      hear
31
éénendertig
click to
      hear

. . .
35
vijfendertig
click to
      hear
36
zesendertig
click to
      hear
37
zevenendertig
click to
      hear
38
achtendertig
click to
      hear
39
negenendertig
click to
      hear
40
veertig
click to
      hear
41
éénenveertig
click to
      hear
42
tweeënveertig
click to
      hear
degrees Celsius
graden Celsius >>
click to
      hear
20
twintig
click to
      hear
30
dertig
click to
      hear
40
veertig
click to
      hear
50
vijftig
click to
      hear
60
zestig
click to
      hear
70
zeventig
click to
      hear
80
tachtig
click to
      hear
90
negentig
click to
      hear
100
honderd
click to
      hear
22
tweeëntwintig
click to
      hear
33
drieëndertig
click to
      hear
44
vierenveertig
click to
      hear
55
vijfenvijftig
click to
      hear
66
zesenzestig
click to
      hear
77
zevenenzeventig
click to
      hear
88
achtentachtig
click to
      hear
99
negenennegentig
click to
      hear
100
honderd
click to
      hear
101
honderdéén
click to
      hear
110
honderdtien
click to
      hear
200
tweehonderd
click to
      hear
732
zevenhonderd-
tweeëndertig

click to
      hear
1000
duizend
click to
      hear
1967
negentien-
zevenenzestig

click to
      hear
2007
tweeduizendzeven
click to hear
2008
tweeduizendacht
click to hear
2009
tweeduizendnegen
click to
      hear
2010
tweeduizendtien
click to hear 2
2011
tweeduizendelf
click to hear
2012
tweeduizendtwaalf
click to
      hear
2013
tweeduizenddertien
click to hear
2014
tweeduizendveertien
click to hear
2015
tweeduizendvijftien
click to hear
2016
tweeduizendzestien
click to hear
2017
tweeduizendzeventien
click to hear
2018
tweeduizendachttien
click to hear
2019
tweeduizendnegentien
click to hear 2
2020
tweeduizendtwintig
click to hear 2 3
2021
tweeduizendéénentwintig
click to hear 2
2022
tweeduizendtweeëntwintig
click to hear 2
9999
negenduizendnegenhonderd-
negenennegentig

click to
      hear
dit jaar click to hear 2 'this year' - nu click to hear 'now' - het heden click to hear 'the present' - >>
vorig jaar click to hear 'last year' - het verleden click to hear 'the past' - toen click to hear 'then' (past)
volgend jaar click to hear 2 'next year' - de toekomst click to hear 'the future' - dan click to hear 'then' (future)
10,000
tienduizend (10.000)
click to
      hear
100,000
honderdduizend (100.000)
click to
      hear
1,000,000
miljoen (1.000.000)
click to
      hear - take 2
1,000,000,000
miljard (1.000.000.000)
click to
      hear
-1
min één
click to
      hear
below zero
onder nul
click to
      hear
een
twee
drie
vier
vijf
hear - 2 - 3
1
2
3
4
5

zes
zeven
acht
negen
tien
hear - 2 - 3
6
7
8
9
10

elf
twaalf
dertien
veertien
vijftien
hear
11
12
13
14
15

zestien
zeventien
achttien
negentien
twintig
hear
16
17
18
19
20

eenentwintig
tweeëntwintig
drieëntwintig
vierentwintig
vijfentwintig
hear
21
22
23
24
25
etc.
twintig
dertig
veertig
vijftig
zestig
hear
20
30
40
50
60

zeventig
tachtig
negentig
honderd
tweehonderd
hear
70
80
90
100
200

nul
duizend
tweeduizendvijf
miljoen
miljard
hear
0 (zero)
1000
2005
1,000,000
1,000,000,000
eerste
tweede
derde
vierde
vijfde
hear
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th

zesde
zevende
achtste
negende
tiende
hear
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th

elfde
twaalfde
dertiende
veertiende
vijftiende
hear
11th
12th
13th
14th
15th

twintigste
eenentwintigste
honderdste
duizendste
miljoenste
hear
20th
21st
100th
1000th
1,000,000th

(het) dozijn click to hear (dozen, 12) - (het) gros click to hear (gross, 12x12=144)
But Dutch doesn't use the dozen as much as English. It's more common to talk about (het) tiental click to hear 2 3 ('10') - (plural: tientallen click to hear) - tientallen jaren click to hear ('decades.') A soccer team is (het) elftal click to hear ('11.')
plus
min
maal
gedeeld door
is
hear
+ (plus)
- (minus)
x (times)
: (divided by)
= (equals)

optellen
aftrekken
vermenigvuldigen
delen
hear
(to add)
(to subtract)
(to multiply)
(to divide)
> click to hear groter dan
< click to hear kleiner dan
2 > 1 click to hear twee is groter dan één
3 < 4 click to hear drie is kleiner dan vier
2x3=6 click to hear twee keer drie is zes
2x3=6 click to hear twee maal drie is zes
2+3=5 click to hear twee en drie is vijf
2+3=5 click to hear twee plus drie is vijf
de tafel van twee:
één keer twee is twee, twee keer twee is vier,
drie keer twee is zes, vier keer twee is acht ...
click to hear 2
In elementary school we are taught the tables using 'keer' for multiplication; 'maal' is more scientific.
Likewise, 'en' is the elementary school adding word, 'plus' is the scientific term.
3+4-5=2
6x7=42
8:4=2
x+y=z
a² + b² = c²
drie plus vier min vijf is twee click to hear
zes maal zeven is tweeënveertig click to hear
acht gedeeld door vier is twee click to hear
x plus y is z click to hear 2 3
a kwadraat plus b kwadraat is c kwadraat click to hear 2
twee tot de derde click to hear (two cubed)

vijf procent
één-tiende procent
één promille
hear
5%
0.1%
0.1%
een half 1/2
een derde 1/3
een vierde 1/4
een vijfde 1/5
hear
twee derde 2/3
drie achtste 3/8
hear
Dutch does NOT say "one-tenth of one percent" like in English, but just "one-tenth percent" - één-tiende procent click to hear

Fractions breuken click to hear ('fractions') - singular: (de) breuk click to hear (also: 'break, fracture, rupture')

Fraction numbers 1, 2 and 3 are irregular; otherwise the fraction
number is formed by adding a -DE ending to the regular number;
except numbers ending in -T or -D, or in -G, which get an -STE ending.

1/2 een half click to hear
1/3 één derde click to hear
1/4 één vierde click to hear
1/5 één vijfde click to hear
1/6 één zesde click to hear
1/7 één zevende click to hear 2
1/8 één achtste click to hear 2
1/9 één negende click to hear 2
1/10 één tiende click to hear
1/100 één honderdste click to hear
1/1000 één duizendste click to hear
1/32 één tweeëndertigste click to hear
2/3 twee derde click to hear
3/8 drie achtste click to hear
3/2 drie tweede click to hear
drieëneenhalf click to hear 2

Instead of stressed één click to hear ('one') you could also use the definite article ('a') een or 'n click to hear
(pronunciation explained earlier in this lesson): een derde click to hear ('one-third.')
But een half click to hear ('one-half') is rarely (if ever) said with the stressed één.
The adjective half click to hear also appears as halve click to hear - half is used for 'het' words after 'een.'
een half ei click to hear ('half an egg') - een halve theelepel click to hear ('½ teaspoon.')
Een goed begin is het halve werk click to hear ('A good start is half the job' - with a good start the job is already half done)
The noun for 'half' is (de) helft click to hear - De helft van de bevolking click to hear ('Half the population')

lengte click to hear
hoogte click to hear
breedte click to hear
diepte click to hear
hear
(length)
(height)
(width)
(depth)

afstand click to hear
oppervlakte click to hear
inhoud click to hear
gewicht click to hear
hear
(distance)
(surface area)
(volume)
(weight)
meter click to hear
centimeter click to hear
millimeter click to hear
kilometer click to hear
decimeter click to hear
hear
(~ 1 yard)
(~ 0.4 inch)
(~ 1/25 inch)
(~ 0.6 miles)
(~ 4 inches)

kilo click to hear
- kilogram click to hear
gram click to hear
pond click to hear
ons click to hear
hear
(~ 2 Lb)
(~ 2 Lb)
(~ 1/30 oz.)
(~ 1 Lb)
(~ 3 oz)
'Pond' and 'ons' are often used in Dutch shops, but are not 'official' weights.
liter click to hear
milliliter click to hear
cc click to hear
kubieke centimeter (cm3) click to hear
hear
(~ 4 cups)
(~ 1/30 fl. oz.)
(~ 1/30 fl. oz.)
(~ 1/30 fl. oz.)

temperatuur click to hear
graden click to hear
Celsius click to
    hear
koorts click to hear
hear
(temperature)
(degrees)
(Celsius)
(fever)

graden Celsius click to hear
thermometer click to hear
degrees Celsius >>
thermometer
oppervlak click to hear surface area
vierkante meter (m2) click to hear square meter
volume click to hear volume, contents
milligram click to hear milligram
straal click to hear radius (circle)
doorsnede click to hear diameter
diameter click to hear diameter
dikte click to hear thickness
Compare US Imperial and Metric Weights and Measures
- slow connections and printer version

Science

Money

(het) geld click to hear
(de) munt click to hear 2 / (de) munten click to hear 'coin' / 'coins' - (het) bankbiljet click to hear / (de) bankbiljetten click to hear 'bill' /'bills' - slang: briefje click to hear / briefjes click to hear
kop of munt click to hear /or/ kruis of munt click to hear 2 'heads or tails' (coin toss)
Heb je een briefje van tien? (10) click to hear - 2 'Do you have a ten?'
wisselgeld click to hear 'change' - kleingeld click to hear 2 ["small money"] 'small change' - gepast geld click to hear 2 'exact change'
contant geld click to hear 2 'cash' - you may as well use the English word: ik heb cash click to hear 'I have cash'
Dutch coins (pre-euro) cent click to hear 2
'penny' - 1¢
stuiver click to hear 2
'nickel' - 5¢
dubbeltje click to hear 2
'dime' - 10¢
kwartje click to hear
'quarter' - 25¢
gulden click to hear
'guilder' - 100¢
daalder click to hear 2
150¢
(not a modern coin)
rijksdaalder click to hear
250¢
slang: riks click to hear 2
[old Dutch coins]
(de) munten click to hear
[old Dutch coins]
munten
[old Dutch banknotes]
(de) bankbiljetten click to hear
[old Dutch banknotes]
bankbiljetten
[money: bills and coins]
(het) geld click to hear
euro click to hear 2 [Euro coins] [Euro bills]
Euro bills

[Euro coins]
Euro coins
geld wisselen click to hear
Waar voor je geld click to hear
Zonde van het geld click to hear 2 3
Heb je genoeg geld? click to hear 2
Je hebt genoeg geld click to hear 2 3
Hij had geen geld click to hear 2
Ze vroegen om geld click to hear 2 3 4
Het is hun eigen geld click to hear
to 'change' money (foreign currency)
[Good stuff] Value for your money, a good buy
'A pity of the money' - money wasted
Do you have enough money?
You have enough money
He didn't have money
They were asking for money
It is their own money
Er was veel geld click to hear
Er was weinig geld click to hear
Er is haast geen geld click to hear 2 3
Er was opeens geen geld meer click to hear 2 3
't Gaat niet om 't geld click to hear
't Gaat wel om 't geld click to hear 2
't Mag geen geld kosten click to hear 2

Te veel mensen met te veel geld click to hear 2
There was a lot of money
There was little, not much money
There was almost no money
Suddenly the money was gone
It's not about the money
It's really about the money
'It can't cost money'
- We don't want to pay serious money for it
Too many people with too much money
twee gulden per stuk click to hear
ongeveer veertig euro click to hear

See also:
two guilders each (price per item)
about (roughly) 40 euros


Shopping
't Is meer dan duizend dollar click to hear 2 3
Net iets minder dan honderdduizend gulden click to hear 2
't Is meer dan een miljoen euro click to hear 2
Al kost 't duizend gulden click to hear 2 3
It's more than a thousand dollars *
Just a little less than a hundred thousand guilders
It's more than a million euros
Even if the cost is a thousand guilders

Dutch Time

de tijd click to hear ('time') - See also: Time Thesaurus
[a sundial]
zonnewijzer click to hear
[Then: me as a child on a scooter]
toen click to hear
[Now: present me on a scooter]
nu click to hear
[a clock]
klok click to hear
[two wristwatches]
horloges click to hear - 2
[an alarm clock]
wekker click to hear
[a radio-alarm clock]
wekradio click to hear
[a few kitchen timers]
keukenwekkers click to hear
60 (zestig) seconden in een minuut click to hear ('60 seconds in a minute')
60 (zestig) minuten in een uur click to hear ('60 minutes in an hour')
24 (vierentwintig) uren in een dag click to hear ('24 hours in a day')
7 (zeven) dagen in een week click to hear ('7 days in a week')
28 (achtentwintig) tot 31 (éénendertig) dagen in een maand click to hear ('28 to 31 days in a month')
12 (twaalf) maanden in een jaar click to hear ('12 months in a year')
52 (tweeënvijftig) weken in een jaar click to hear ('52 weeks in a year')
365 (driehonderdvijfenzestig) dagen in een jaar click to hear ('365 days in a year')
100 (honderd) jaren in een eeuw click to hear ('100 years in a century')
There is a tendency to use uur ('hour') and jaar ('year') as both singular and plural. The regular plurals are uren and jaren. >>
The Z in zestig ('60') is often softened to an S.
(de) seconde click to hear
(de) minuut click to hear
(het) uur click to hear
(de) dag click to hear
hear - 2
(second)
(minute)
(hour)
(day)

(de) week click to hear
(de) maand click to hear
(het) jaar click to hear
(de) eeuw click to hear
hear - 2
(week)
(month)
(year)
(century)

(de) morgen click to hear
(de) middag click to hear
(de) avond click to hear
(de) nacht click to hear
hear - 2
(morning)
(afternoon)
(evening)
(night)
's morgens click to hear
's ochtends click to hear
's middags click to hear
's avonds click to hear
's nachts click to hear
hear
(in the morning)
(in the morning)
(in the afternoon)
(in the evening)
(at night)

12 uur 's middags click to hear
12 uur 's nachts click to hear
middernacht click to hear
hear - 2
(12 noon)
(12 midnight)
(midnight)
[a clock, 3:00]
Drie uur click to hear
[a clock, 2:30]
Half drie click to hear
[a clock, 3:30]
Half vier click to hear
[a clock, 2:45]
Kwart voor drie click to hear
[a clock, 6:15]
Kwart over zes click to hear
[a clock, 2:20]
Tien voor half drie /or/
Twintig over twee click to hear
[a clock, 2:55]
Vijf voor drie click to hear
[a clock, 3:05]
Vijf over drie click to hear
[a clock, 11:58]
Twee voor twaalf click to hear
Do note that in time, Dutch 'half ..' (etc.) means 'half an hour before ...' and NOT 'half past ...' like (British?) English 'half ...'

Days, Months, Seasons, Holidays

maandag click to hear
dinsdag click to hear
woensdag click to hear
donderdag click to hear
hear
(Monday)
(Tuesday)
(Wednesday)
(Thursday)

vrijdag click to hear
zaterdag click to hear
zondag click to hear
hear
(Friday)
(Saturday)
(Sunday)
eergisteren click to hear
gisteren click to hear
vandaag click to hear
morgen click to hear
overmorgen click to hear
hear - 2
(the day before yesterday)
(yesterday)
(today)
(tomorrow)
(the day after tomorrow)

(de) lente click to hear
(de) zomer click to hear
(de) herfst click to hear
(de) winter click to hear
hear
(Spring)
(Summer)
(Fall)
(Winter)
januari click to hear
februari click to hear
maart click to hear
april click to hear
hear
(January)
(February)
(March)
(April)

mei click to hear
juni click to hear
juli click to hear
augustus click to hear
hear
(May)
(June)
(July)
(August)

september click to hear
october click to hear
november click to hear
december click to hear
hear
(September)
(October)
(November)
(December)

Special Days

Kerstmis click to hear (the T is often very soft: click to hear) Christmas - Pasen click to hear Easter - Pinksteren click to hear Pentecost, Whitsun (when the Holy Spirit touched the Disciples, seven weeks after Jesus' resurrection.) >>
In Holland, the second days of the main religious festivals are also holidays, most shops and businesses are closed.
Tweede kerstdag click to hear 2 - tweede paasdag click to hear 2 - tweede pinksterdag click to hear 2.
Witte Donderdag click to hear 2 White Thursday, the day of the last supper
Goede Vrijdag click to hear Good Friday, the day Jesus died on the cross
Hemelvaartsdag click to hear 2 Ascension Day, when Jesus went up to heaven, 40 days after Easter

5 Mei click to hear May 5th - bevrijdingsdag click to hear Liberation Day - when the German forces surrendered at the end of the Second World War, 1945. The evening before is the dodenherdenking click to hear commemorating those who died in the Second World War.
Koningsdag click to hear 2 April 27, the king's (birth)day. It used to be Koninginnedag click to hear 2 "The Queen's Day" (April 30th) - actually the previous queen Juliana's birthday, but the last queen Beatrix's birthday is in Winter, less suitable for open-air festivities. In the 2013 troonswisseling click to hear ('change of throne') Queen Beatrix was succeeded by her son Willem-Alexander
Oudejaarsavond click to hear 2 [old year's evening] - new year's eve night.
Nieuwjaarsdag click to hear 2 New Year's Day
Oud en Nieuw click to hear 2 ('New Year's Eve and New Year's Day, the New Year Holiday')
Met Oud en Nieuw click to hear ('On New Year's Eve and New Year's Day')
Sinterklaas click to hear 2 the Dutch Santa Claus gives out presents on December 5th.
(de) schrikkeldag click to hear 2 Februari 29 - (het) schrikkeljaar click to hear 2 leap year

(De) verjaardag click to hear birthday
Hartelijk gefeliciteerd met je verjaardag! click to hear Happy birthday (informal) >>
Een dag als alle andere click to hear 2 [a day like all others] just another day

Prettige Kerstdagen en Een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar! click to hear 2
Merry Christmas and A Happy New Year!
Vrolijk Kerstfeest! click to hear 2 quick 'Merry Christmas!'
Zalig Uiteinde! click to hear 2 Happy Year's End! (jocular and among Catholics)
Prettige Jaarwisseling! click to hear 2 3 '[Happy Year's Change] Happy New Year's Eve and New Year's Day'
Gelukkig Nieuwjaar! click to hear Happy New Year! - Dutch New Year's Resolutions
Prettige Feestdagen! click to hear 2 Happy Holidays!
Zalig Pasen / Prettige Paasdagen click to hear
Blessed Easter (said by Roman Catholics) / Happy Easter!
Vrolijk Pasen! click to hear ('Merry Easter Holiday')

[tapestry]
Leer ons alzo onze dagen tellen click to hear
So teach us to number our days (Ps 90:12)
Tapestry by Elizabeth Sipma-Veenstra
Aswoensdag
Pasen
Pinksteren
Kerstmis
hear
(Ash Wednesday)
(Easter)
(Pentecost, Whitsuntide)
(Christmas)
Carnaval
Sinterklaas
hear
(Celebrations before fasting begins on Ash Wednesday)
(Saint Nicholas - December 5 presents)
Koninginnedag
4 mei - Dodenherdenking
5 mei - Bevrijdingsdag
hear - take 2
see above
(May 4th - Remembrance of WWII Dead)
(May 5th - Liberation Day (1945))
Science - Dutch Birthday
Welcome Learning Dutch? - Lesson 1 Site Map Pronunciation Words and Phrases Hear Dutch Names

[2 books]
media
[glasses, watch, etc.]
necessities
[a fleece jacket]
clothing
[clothespins]
laundry, cleaning
[a house]
the house
[a mirror]
beauty
[a 50s radio]
days of old

email - copyright © 1999-2007 Marco Schuffelen - All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, redistributed, or hotlinked to.
Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2