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Personal Pronouns Sample Sentences

the personal pronouns - an older version - reflexive pronouns examples
1
2
3/4
I ik
my mijn
me mij / me
you je
jij

your je / jouw
you je
jou
singular informal
he hij / (-ie)
his zijn / z'n
him hem
she ze / zij
her haar
her haar
it het
its zijn / z'n / haar
it het
er
we we / wij
our ons / onze
us ons
you jullie
your jullie
you jullie plural informal
they ze/ zij
their hun
them hun
hen
you U
your Uw
you U polite, formal
(various) men

ik click to hear I
ik ben verkouden click to hear I have a cold
ik heb gezegd click to hear 2 I have spoken
ik weet niet wat ik moet doen click to hear I don't know what I should do
ik ben in Nederland geboren click to hear I [am] was born in Holland

mijn click to hear / m'n click to hear my
mijn naam is Daniël click to hear my name is Daniel
mijn familie komt uit het zuiden click to hear my family is from the South
mijn hemel! click to hear [my heaven] good heavens!
mijn fiets is gestolen click to hear my bike was stolen
m'n zoon vond 't erg leuk click to hear my son really liked it
ik heb een lang gesprek met m'n baas gehad click to hear I had a long talk with my boss

mij click to hear / me click to hear me
ik val aan - volg mij click to hear I'm going to attack - follow me (Rear Admiral Karel Doorman, Battle of the Java Sea, 1942)
volgens mij ... click to hear [according to me ...] - I think ...
er is mij niets van bekend click to hear [nothing is known to me about it] - I know nothing about it
zij zingen een lied voor mij click to hear they're singing a song for me
maak je geen zorgen over mij click to hear don't worry about me
't maakt me niet uit click to hear [it doesn't matter to me] - I don't care
het is me 'n raadsel click to hear it's a [riddle] mystery to me
't Irriteert me mateloos. click to hear 2 3 it irritates (annoys) me to no end
niemand heeft me iets verteld click to hear nobody told me anything
dat lukt me nooit click to hear I'll never be able to do that
ik kan me d'r (er) zo kwaad over maken click to hear 2 [I can make myself very angy about it] - It makes me very angry


je click to hear you (singular, informal)
je hebt gelijk click to hear you are right
je zult er geen spijt van krijgen click to hear you won't regret it
was je moe? click to hear were you tired?
... daar krijg je last van click to hear 2 3 ... that's going to bother, hurt you
je mag wel 'je' zeggen click to hear 2 [you're allowed to say 'you' (informal)] - It's all right to use the informal 'je' - ('on a first-name basis')
tutoyeren (French) click to hear 2 3 ~to be on a first-name basis, addressing each other as 'je' and not as 'U'
'jijen en jouwen' click to hear 2 to be on a first-name basis, addressing each other as 'je' and not as 'U'
je hoeft geen 'U' te zeggen click to hear 2 3 4 You don't have to [say] use the polite 'you'

jij click to hear you (singular, informal) - nominative, as subject only
jij bent click to hear ['you are'] - it's your turn
ben jij 't? click to hear is it you?
Hou(d) jij van opera? - Ik niet. click to hear Do you like opera? - I don't

Weet je waar de sleutel is? click to hear Do you know where the key is? - Do you happen to know?
Weet jij waar de sleutel is? click to hear 2 Do you know where the key is? - Are you the one who knows?

je click to hear / jouw click to hear your (singular, informal)
je hond is je beste vriend click to hear your dog is your best friend
je ouwelui click to hear 2 ['your old folks'] - your parents (slang)
heb je je koffie op? click to hear did you finish your coffee?
ga je met je eigen auto? click to hear are you going with your own car?
hoe is 't met je moeder? click to hear how is your mother?
waar is je boek? click to hear 2 where is your book?
waar is je fatsoen? click to hear 2 where are your good manners?
't is jouw beurt click to hear it's your turn
't is jouw schuld click to hear it's your fault, you are to blame
toen ik jouw leeftijd was ... click to hear when I was your age ...

je click to hear you - dative and accusative, direct and indirect object
er is bezoek voor je click to hear there is a visitor for you
there are visitors for you
ik vertel je de waarheid click to hear 2 I'm telling you the truth
wie heeft je geholpen? click to hear who helped you? (was at your side)
dat lukt je nooit click to hear 2 you'll never succeed in that, you'll never be able to do that

jou click to hear you (singular, informal) - dative and accusative, direct and indirect object only
er is voor jou altijd plaats click to hear there's always a place, room for you
als ik jou was ... click to hear 2 if I were you ...
als ik jou was zou ik niet gaan click to hear if I were you I wouldn't go
in the 'als ik jou was' lines, you cannot use 'je' or 'jij'
hij houdt van jou click to hear he loves you

Vraag niet wat Nederland voor jou kan doen, maar vraag je af wat jij voor Nederland kunt doen click to hear 2 3
Do not ask what Holland can do for you, but ask yourself what you can do for Holland
(naar president Kennedy click to hear 2 after president Kennedy)



hij click to hear / (-ie click to hear) he
hij is familie van me click to hear 2 [he is kin of me] he is a relative
hij heeft griep click to hear 2 he has the flu
hij ziet er moe uit click to hear he looks tired
hij is in een slecht humeur click to hear he's in a bad mood
hij doet toch wat-ie wil click to hear 2 he does what he wants, he does as he likes anyway
de mens lijdt 't meest van 't lijden dat-ie vreest click to hear man suffers most from the suffering he fears
het is zo voorspelbaar wat-ie doet click to hear [it's so predictable what he does]
- his behavior is so predictable

zijn click to hear / z'n click to hear his
zijn tweede vrouw was een Belgische click to hear his second wife was Belgian, a Belgian woman
Jan Rap en z'n maat click to hear [John 'Wastewood' and his comrade] - 'bad people'

hem click to hear / 'm click to
  hear him
heb je hem gefeliciteerd? click to hear have you congratulated him? did you congratuate him?
ik gaf hem een kwartje click to hear I gave him a quarter
ik gaf 'm een kwartje click to hear I gave him a quarter
ze kenden 'm goed click to hear they knew him well


zij click to hear / ze click to hear she
zij zingt een lied click to hear she's singing a song
zij is een zangeres click to hear she is a singer
zij zingt mooi click to hear she sings beautifully
zij speelt saxofoon click to hear she plays the saxophone
ze liep naar het huis toe click to hear she walked towards the house
ze is een Française click to hear she is a Frenchwoman

haar click to hear her
het is haar huis click to hear it's her house
Ze verdedigde haar proefschrift click to hear She defended her thesis
Ze is niet op haar mondje gevallen click to hear 2 3 (saying) ['She didn't fall on her mouth'] She never hesitates to speak up, she's not shy to speak her mind
heb je haar gezicht gezien? click to hear 2 have you seen her face?

haar click to hear her - dative and accusative, direct and indirect object
heb je haar gezien? click to hear have you seen her?
hij geeft haar gele rozen click to hear he's giving her yellow roses
ik heb haar vergeven click to hear 2 I have forgiven her
het huis is van haar click to hear the house is hers

Both English 'her' and Dutch 'haar' can be the possessive, dative or
accusative form of the third person single female - but Dutch

(het) haar click to hear is also 'hair' - so
haar haar click to hear 2 'her hair'
- to avoid that ugliness of repetition some people use the dialect forms:

'd'r haar' click to hear 2 3
or 'heur haar' click to hear 2 3


het click to hear / 't click to hear it ('het' can also mean 'the' (#2) ‑>>)
't is koud buiten click to hear it's cold outside
het brandt click to hear it is burning
het is nog vroeg click to hear it's still early
het is te laat click to hear it's too late
't is meestal bewolkt in Nederland click to hear it's usually overcast in Holland

Dutch doesn't use 'het' as often as English does 'it' - we say 'hij' / -ie (he)
- or occasionally
'zij' (she) - for 'de-words,' and 'het' only as 'it' for 'het-words.'
de dag - hij was lang click to hear the day - it was long
de auto - hij is stuk click to hear the car - it is broken, doesn't go
't schip - het is gezonken click to hear the ship - it has sunk
't eten - 't was koud click to hear the food - it was cold
't eten - 't was lekker click to hear the food - it was enjoyable
april doet wat-ie wil click to hear 2 April does [what] as it likes

zijn click to hear / z'n click to hear / (haar click to hear) its
Dutch has no possessive for 'it' (het) - in most cases 'zijn' or "z'n" ('his') is used, occasionally 'haar' ('her')
maart roert z'n staart click to hear March is waggging its tail (bad weather at the end of March)
elke dag heeft genoeg aan z'n eigen leed click to hear each day has enough [suffering] trouble of its own
't vogeltje zit op z'n nestje click to hear the [little] bird is sitting on its [little] nest
't vogeltje en haar jongen click to hear the [little] bird and its young
het schip en haar bemanning click to hear the ship and its/her crew

het click to hear / 't click to hear it - dative and accusative, direct and indirect object<
ze konden het niet bewijzen click to hear 2 they [could not] were not able to prove it
ik ben het beu click to hear I'm tired of it, I'm sick of it, it should stop
ik vind het heel erg click to hear I think it's [very] really bad, I'm upset over it.
ik hoop dat je het niet erg vindt click to hear I hope you don't think it's bad, I hope you don't mind
heb je 't leuk gehad in Brussel? click to hear [did you enjoy it] - did you have a gpod time in Brussels?
ik heb 't met veel plezier gelezen. click to hear 2 [I read it with great pleasure] I really enjoyed reading it

er click to hear it - with a preposition - more
Je moet er wat aan doen click to hear 2 3 4 you should do something about it
Ik heb er zin in click to hear 2 I feel like it, I'm looking forward to it
Ik denk er vaak aan click to hear 2 3 I often think of it
Hij heeft 't er vaak over click to hear 2 3 He often talks about it


wij click to hear / we click to hear we
wij waren arm click to hear we were poor
wij weten 't aan 't weer click to hear we blamed [it on] the weather
we zullen wel zien click to hear we'll see
we gaan weg click to hear we're leaving
we gaan zo eten click to hear we'll have dinner in a minute

we zijn de dupe click to hear 2 3 we've been duped, we are the victims, we pay the price
wij zijn de dupe click to hear 2 3 we are the ones paying the price, it's us who are the victims

ons click to hear our - for 'het'-words,
onze click to hear our - for 'de'-words and all plurals
ons Indië click to hear 'our India' (the Dutch Indies, now called Indonesia)
ons koude kikkerland click to hear our chilly frog's country (it's a wretched place but it's home)
onze gevederde vrienden click to hear 'our feathered friends' i.e. birds
(het) onzelieveheersbeestje click to hear 'our dear Lord's bug' i.e. ladybug

ons click to
 hear us
geef ons heden ons dagelijks brood click to hear 2 give us today our daily bread
ze kijken op ons neer click to hear they look down on us, they despise us
ik denk niet dat hij naar ons had willen luisteren click to hear [I don't think he would have wanted to listen to us] I don't think he would have listened to us


jullie click to hear you (plural, informal)
hebben jullie fietsen? click to hear do you [guys] have bicycles?
hebben jullie wel plezier? click to hear are you [guys] really having fun?
hebben jullie 't leuk gehad? click to hear did you [guys] enjoy yourselves, did you have a good time?

jullie click to hear your (plural, informal)
waar zijn jullie fietsen? click to hear where are your bicycles?
hartelijk gefeliciteerd met jullie huwelijk click to hear many congratulations on your marriage

jullie click to hear you (plural, informal) - dative and accusative, direct and indirect object
ik wens jullie veel gelukkige jaren samen click to hear I wish you many happy years together
wie heeft jullie dat verteld? click to hear 2 who told you (guys) that?
ze hebben jullie onwaarheden verteld click to hear 2 they've told you (guys) [untruths] lies
wie heeft jullie opgehaald? click to hear 2 who has picked you (guys) up?
ik heb jullie veel woorden gegeven click to hear 2 I have given you (guys) many words
ik leer jullie Nederlands click to hear 2 I'm teaching you (guys) Dutch

because Dutch 'leren' means both 'to teach' and 'to learn,' and
Dutch
'jullie' can also be the possessive 'your,' the line above could also mean
'I'm learning your Dutch, the Dutch you (guys) speak'
‑>>



zij click to hear / ze click to hear they
zij zijn rijk click to hear 2 they are rich
zij waren rijk click to hear they were rich
zij sleten hun dagen met sigaren click to hear they spent their days [with] smoking cigars
zij brachten haar een serenade click to hear they serenaded her
ze hebben gelogen click to hear they [have] lied
ze lagen te slapen click to hear they were sleeping
ze lopen te demonstreren click to hear they're in a protest march
ze hebben drie kinderen click to hear they have three children

hun click to hear their
het is hun geld click to hear it is their money
het is hun eigen geld click to hear it is their own money
heb je hun hond gezien? click to hear have you seen their dog?
is het echt hun land? click to hear is it really their land?

hun click to hear them
heb je hun gezien? click to hear have you seen them?
ik zal 't hun geven click to hear I'll give it to them
hij sprak hun tegen click to hear he contradicted them
hij vertelde hun wat er gebeurd was click to hear he told them what had happened

Dutch grammar says that 'them' in the accusative, as a direct object should be 'hen,' click to hear but even to me that sounds a bit too much, hypercorrect - or it could be that the 'short E' is changing into an 'voiceless, unstressed E'
heb je hen gezien? click to hear have you seen them?
ze hielp hen met de vertaling click to hear she helped them with the translation
de trein bracht hen naar Den Haag click to hear the train brought them to The Hague


U click to hear you (polite)
hoe maakt U 't? click to hear how are you?
Na U click to hear 2 'After you' (you let someone go first)
Wat zou U aanraden? click to hear what would you recommend?
wilt U via een tolk spreken? click to hear would you like to speak through an interpreter?
zou U dat nog eens willen zeggen? click to hear would you mind saying that [once more] again?
verveelt U zich? click to hear are you bored?

Uw click to hear your (polite)
wat is uw naam? click to hear what's your name?
heeft Uw hond U gebeten? click to hear did your dog bite you?
bent U gebeten door Uw hond? click to hear were you bitten by your dog?
Heb Uw naaste lief als Uzelf click to hear 2 Love your neighbor as yourself.
(Love thy neighbour as thyself)

U click to hear you (polite, formal) - dative and accusative, direct and indirect object
ik zal U doorverbinden click to hear 2 (on the telephone) I'll put you through, connect you
ik kan U niet goed verstaan click to hear [I cannot understand you very well]
I don't understand what you're saying
wie heeft U thuisgebracht? click to hear 2 who brought you home? - this Dutch line could also mean: 'who did you bring (to his or her) home?'
je hoeft geen 'U' te zeggen click to hear 2 3 4 You don't have to [say] use the polite 'you' ‑>>


'Men' click to hear is an 'occasional they,' translated variously as 'people' or 'one,' 'you' or otherwise
Men zegt dat ... click to hear It is said that ...
Men zegt dat in Kentucky het gras blauw is click to hear 2 It is said that the grass is blue in Kentucky
Hier ziet men de gevolgen click to hear 2 3 4 Here one sees, here you can see the results
Al doende leert men click to hear 2 3 ['while doing, you learn'] - 'practice makes perfect'
Aan de vruchten kent men de boom click to hear 2 By its fruit you'll know the tree, - by its fruit the tree is known
"Men sleept zich voort" click to hear 2 3 ['One plods on wearily'] - said when you're tired and depressed: "Just hanging in there"
Hier hoort men goed Nederlands click to hear Here (in this place) you'll hear good Dutch

reflexive pronouns examples

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Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2