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Military

de / het / 't click to hear
de click to hear het click to hear 't click to hear
(the)
een, 'n click to hear (a)
één click to hear (one)
>>

(Het) leger click to hear 'army' - (de) marine click to hear 'navy' - (de) luchtmacht click to hear 2 'air force'
(de) genie (French G) click to hear 2 ('the army corps of engineers')
militair click to hear 1. 'military' (adj.) 2. 'a member of the military'
(de) officier click to hear 2 - (de) onderofficier click to hear 2 'non-commissioned officer, subaltern'
Many of the ranks (rangen click to hear - singular: (de) rang click to hear 2) look so alike in writing that they don't need translation - but most do not sound very similar to English.

soldaat click to hear
korporaal click to hear 2
sergeant (Fr.) click to hear
luitenant click to hear
kapitein click to hear 2
majoor click to hear 2
kolonel click to hear
generaal click to hear 2
maarschalk click to hear 2
matroos click to hear sailor
schout-bij-nacht click to hear rear admiral
admiraal click to hear 2
(I'll have to study on naval ranks)
(De) rekruut click to hear 'recruit, a new soldier to be trained'
The officer cadets are (de) vaandrig click to hear 2 (army) and (de) adelborst click to hear (navy)
The form of address for a lieutenant colonel is "overste" click to hear 2
"Ik had een wapenbroeder" click to hear ('I had a brother-in-arms')
[tank]
tank click to hear (English)
(WWII American Sherman Tank, Bastogne, Belgium)
[cannon]
kanon click to hear
[spent (tank) shell casing]
granaathuls click to hear 2
['air raids defense' commemorative  medal,
  showing a woman sheltering children and bomber planes] ['air raids defense' commemorative  medal,
  showing a woman sheltering children and bomber planes] ['air raids defense' commemorative  medal,
  showing a woman sheltering children and bomber planes]
luchtbescherming click to hear 2 (medaille click to hear 2)
The luchtbescherming click to hear 2 ('air [raid] protection') was a Dutch organisation started in the early 1930s that aimed to provide some protection from the mass bombings and poison gas attacks that were expected in coming wars.

From the Basic Dutch pages

(de) oorlog click to hear war
(de) vrede click to hear peace
(het) leger click to hear army
(het) gevaar click to hear danger
(de) aanval click to hear attack
(de) verdediging click to hear defense
(de) slag click to hear battle
(de) overwinning click to hear victory
(de) nederlaag click to hear defeat
(de) bezetting click to hear occupation
(het) verzet click to hear resistance
(de) bevrijding click to hear liberation
(het) geweld click to hear violence
(de) kracht click to hear force
(de) macht click to hear power
(het) gevecht click to hear fight
(de) vernietiging click to hear destruction
(de) schade click to hear damage
(de) vlucht click to hear flight, escape
(het) geweer click to hear rifle
(het) pistool click to hear handgun
(het) kanon click to hear cannon, big gun
(de) bom click to hear bomb
(de) basis click to hear base
(de) eenheid click to hear unit
(de) operatie click to hear action, operation
(het) bevel click to hear order, command

Additional

(de) wapenstilstand * click to hear 2
(het) staakt-het-vuren * click to hear 2
ceasefire
(de) onderhandelingen click to hear 2 negotiations
(het) bestand click to hear truce
(de) overgave click to hear surrender
(het) verdrag click to hear 2 treaty
(het) kruit click to hear
(het) buskruit click to hear
gunpowder
(de) explosie click to hear explosion
(de) springstof click to hear 2 explosive
(de) atoombom click to hear
kernwapens click to hear 2
(de) splijtstof click to hear 2
atom bomb
nuclear arms
fissile material
(de) handgranaat click to hear 2 hand grenade
(de) mortier click to hear 2 mortar
(de) mijn click to hear 2
(de) landmijn click to hear
mine
land mine
(de) raket click to hear
raketten click to hear 2
rocket
rockets
(de) kogel click to hear 2 bullet
(de) revolver click to hear 2 revolver
(het) machingeweer click to hear 2
(de) mitrailleur click to hear 2
machine gun
(de) loop click to hear 2 gunbarrel
(het) gifgas click to hear poison gas
Like English 'mine,' Dutch (de) mijn click to hear 2 is also the underground place where things like coal and gold are extracted.
(de) vuurdoop click to hear 2 "baptism of fire" - also: (de) vuurproef click to hear ['test/trial by fire']

(de) mariniers click to hear 2 marines
(de) scherpschutter click to hear 2 sniper, sharpshooter
(de) schildwacht click to hear 2 sentry
(de) lijfwacht click to hear 2 bodyguard
(de) loopgraaf click to hear 2 trench (WWI)
(de) bunker click to hear 2 bunker, blockhouse
(de) schuilkelder click to hear 2 [shelter-cellar] bomb shelter (civilian)
(de) kazerne click to hear 2 'barracks,' military housing
(de) helm click to hear helmet
(het) uniform click to hear uniform
(het) pantser click to hear armor (German: 'Panzer')
(de) rupsband click to hear 2 caterpillar tread (like a tank)

(de) piloot click to hear pilot
(het) gevechtsvliegtuig click to hear fighter plane
(de) straaljager click to hear 2 jet fighter
(de) helikopter click to hear helicopter
(de) bommenwerper click to hear 2 bomber (plane)
(het) bombardement click to hear 2 bombing, bombardment
(het) luchtalarm click to hear 2 air raid alarm, siren
(het) luchtafweergeschut click to hear 2 anti-aircraft battery, flak
(het) vliegdekschip click to hear 2 aircraft carrier
(het) slagschip click to hear battleship
(de) duikboot click to hear
(de) onderzeeër click to hear
submarine

(het) gebied click to hear 2 area
(het) grondgebied click to hear 2 territory
(het) terrein click to hear 2 terrain
(de) kaart click to hear 2 3 map
(de) strategie click to hear 2 strategy
(de) tactiek click to hear 2 tactics
'
(de) staatsgreep click to hear coup
(de) opstand click to hear 2 uprising, revolt,
rebellion
(de) burgeroorlog click to hear 2 civil war
(de) bondgenoten click to hear 2 allies
(de) vijand click to hear 2
(de) aartsvijand click to hear 2
enemy
archenemy
(de) beroepsmilitair click to hear 2 professional soldier
(de) krijgsgevangene click to hear 2 prisoner of war
(de) spion click to hear 2
spionnen click to hear 2
spy
spies
(de) verrader click to hear traitor
(de) vluchteling click to hear 2 refugee

(de) dienstplicht click to hear 2 draft, obligatory military service, conscription
(de) diensttijd click to hear 2 the time spent in the military as a conscript (note that TT is pronounced as a single T ("diens-tijd") and not doubled with a pause in-between)
(de) militaire dienst click to hear mandatory military service, serving in the military as a conscript
(de) dienstweigeraar click to hear 2 [draft-refuser] conscientious objector - weigeren click to hear 2 ('to refuse') - weigering click to hear 2 ('refusal')
(het) huzarenstukje click to hear 2 ['a hussars' act'] a daring small-scale military action
(de) held click to hear 2 'hero' - heldhaftig click to hear 2 3 'heroic'
De onbekende soldaat click to hear 2 The unknown soldier
(de) strijd click to hear 2 struggle - (het) strijdperk click to hear 2 3 battleground, area of fighting
oorlogszuchtig click to hear 2 3 ['craving war'] 'warlike' - vredelievend click to hear ['peace-loving'] 'peaceful, peaceable'
(de) revolutie click to hear 2 revolution - the usage is different from English. I think in Dutch it's an internal affair. We say 'de Franse Revolutie' click to hear - but the American Revolution is called 'de Amerikaanse Vrijheidsoorlog' click to hear 2 ("war of liberation") and the Dutch Revolt is de Tachtigjarige Oorlog click to hear 2 3 ('the 80-years war' - 1568-1648)
Het Twaalfjarig Bestand click to hear 2 3 The 12-year Truce (1609-1621)
De Zesdaagse Oorlog click to hear 2
De Tiendaagse Veldtocht click to hear 2
The Six-Day War (1967)
The Ten-Day (Military) Campaign (Holland-Belgium 1831)
De Ondergrondse click to hear / Het Verzet click to hear 2 3 the resistance movement in WWII German-occupied Holland
De Geallieerden click to hear 2 The World War II Allies (the U.S., the Soviet Union, Great Britain etc.)
De Hongerwinter click to hear 2 'The Hunger Winter' - The Winter of 1944 in the West of The Netherlands, when many people died of hunger

(de) terreur click to hear
de meest gevreesde terrorist click to hear
terror, terrorism
the most feared terrorist, the terrorist that is/was feared most
de raket trof een kleuterschool click to hear the rocket hit a nursery school
de bom ontplofte click to hear 2 the bomb exploded
De vlucht naar voren click to hear 2 ['escaping forward'] - a government in trouble embarking on a risky but popular military adventure, like the Argentine Junta's attempt to occupy the Falkland Islands in the 1980s, or in the 1960s, Indonesia's unfortunately successful capture of Western New Guinea, denying independence to the Papua people.
John le Carré, talking about the similar German expression
'Der Flucht nach Vorn' says there is no English equivalent.

[(toy) military ambulance]
ambulance click to hear
[(toy) armored scout car]
verkenner click to hear
[military truck]
vrachtwagen click to hear
[(toy) half-track]
"half-track"
[(toy) cannon]
kanon click to hear
[jeep]
jeep click to hear 2 (English)
The Dutch word ziekenwagen click to hear 2 for 'ambulance' is a bit old-fashioned.

Many thanks to Sgt. Daniel Baskin, USMC (Ret.)

See also: The Bridge too Far

See also: Medieval

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Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2