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(1975) - print version
Hear many more names of towns and cities etc. in Holland and Belgium
Amsterdam is the capital of The Netherlands, but The Hague is the seat of
government. The houses of parliament (where the elected
representatives have their meetings) and almost all government
departments and embassies are in The Hague.
See also: Conversation
Seas and Lakes
De Zuiderzee *
Belgian Cities Shown
Speaking Dutch, we rarely use the word 'Holland'
for our country.
We almost always say 'Nederland'
At independence (1648) the new country called itself "The Republic of The (Seven) United Provinces." The seven were: Groningen (Old name: Stad en Lande 2 'town and country') - Friesland 2 - Overijssel - Gelderland - Utrecht 2 - Holland and Zeeland 2. Poor and sparsely populated Drente and the Roman Catholic southern provinces of Noord-Brabant 2 and Limburg were a kind of territories without self-rule. Flevoland 2 is a new province of most of the reclaimed land in Lake IJssel, and the province of 'Holland' was split in Noord Holland 2 and Zuid Holland 2.
Before Lake IJssel ('het IJsselmeer' ) was closed off from the sea in 1932, it was called '(de) Zuiderzee' 2 ("Southern Sea,") in English often written as "Zuider Zee" or "Zuyder Zee."
We call the neighbors to the right Duitsers ('Germans,') singular: Duitser ('German,') their language or the adjective is Duits ('German') and their country Duitsland ('Germany.') This leaves Dutch with the word Germanen for the members of the Germanic tribes of old; in Dutch 'Indo-European' is usually Indogermaans .
Map by Marco Schuffelen, after 'Kleine Geografie van Nederland,' Published by 'Het Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken' (State Department), The Hague, Holland 1983
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