[The Face of Dutch]
[A Dutch flag on the edge of a puddle of water]
colors, materials
[A plate of fava beans, with bacon and potatoes]
meals
[a handful of Brussels sprouts]
food
[small saucepan: lidded pot with a stick handle]
kitchen
[Me riding a bicycle]
bicycles
[Cows in a meadow]
animals
[a variety of items]
more
First and Last Names Sailors and Ships Old New York The World of Rembrandt Names from Books Anne Frank Market Garden Sports Maps
Search my site:

Hear Dutch Names and Terms concerning The Painter Vermeer

[A Vermeer Painting]
Study of A Young Woman
Metropolitan Museaum of Art, New York

A Pronunciation Guide

Vermeer click to hear

In conjunction with Jonathan Janson's beautiful, extensive The Essential Vermeer,
the website about the seventeenth-century Dutch painter.


You might also be interested in hearing the names on my Rembrandt and Early Flemish and Dutch Painters pages.

[A Vermeer Painting]
Girl with A Pearl Earring
Mauritshuis, The Hague

Vermeer and his Family
Vermeer's Clients and Patrons
Painters of Vermeer's Milieu
Johannes Vermeer
Jan Vermeer
Catharina Bolnes (Vermeer's wife)
hear

Nicolaes van Assendelft
Willem van Berckel
Hendrick van Buyten
Jacob Dissius
Maria de Knuijt (Dissius' wife)
hear

Willem van Aelst
Gerrit Dou
Carel Fabritius
Pieter de Hoogh
Nicolaes Maes
hear
Digna Baltens (Vermeer's mother)
Reynier Jansz. Vos (Vermeer's father)
Gertruijt (Vermeer's sister)
Maria Thins (Vermeer's mother-in-law)
hear

Cornelis de Helt
Johannes Renialme
Pieter Claesz. van Ruijven
Herman van Swoll
hear

Gabriel Metsu
Frans van Mieris
Gerrit ter Borch
Emanuel de Witte
hear
Other Painters
Men of Culture and Science
Men of History and State
Dirck van Baburen
Leonaert Bramer
Abraham Bloemaert
Cesar van Everdingen
Gerrit van Honthorst
hear

Pieter Teding van Berckhout
Dirck van Bleyswijck
Hugo de Groot (Grotius)
Christiaan Huygens
hear

Willem van Oranje
= Willem de Zwijger ("the Silent")
Maurits
Frederik Hendrik 'de Stedendwinger'
hear
Samuel van Hoogstraten
Caspar Netscher
Anthonie Palamedesz.
Hendrik Terbrugghen
hear

Constantijn Huygens
Anthonie van Leeuwenhoek
J.P. Sweelink
Joost van den Vondel
hear

Johan van Oldenbarnevelt
Jacob 'Vadertje' Cats
Johan de Witt
hear


Simon Stevin
Jan Adriaensz Leeghwater
Goropianus
hear

Willem Barentsz.
Piet Hein
Michiel de Ruyter "Bestevaer"
hear
Cities and Towns
Delft
Amsterdam
Delft
Den Haag
Dordt (Dordrecht)
Leiden
hear

De Oostpoort
De Oude Langendijck
De Vliegende Vos
Mechelen
hear

Stadhuis (City Hall)
Papenhoek ("Papists' Corner")
Voldersgracht
Beestenmarkt (Cattle Market)
Sint-Lucasgilde (The Painters Guild)
hear
Haarlem
Utrecht
Rotterdam
Schipluiden
hear

Oude Kerk
Nieuwe Kerk
Donderslag (Thunderclap)
hear
'Mechelen' is the Dutch name of a Belgian town famous for its lace, 'Malines' in French, 'Mechlin' in English.
'Donderslag' (Thunderclap) refers to the 1654 explosion of the Delft municipal gunpowder depot that killed many, fellow painter Carel Fabritius among them.
Various Terms
doorkijkje
fijnschilders
gulden (guilder)
hear

stuijver (5¢ 'nickel')
'Het Straatje'
tronie
hear
Dutch Names of Paintings
De Schilderkunst hear (The Art of Painting)
Het Straatje hear (The Little Street)
Meisje met de Parel hear (Girl with The Pearl [Earring])
Gezicht op Delft hear (View [on] of Delft)

In Vermeer's time, 'tronie' was a common word for 'face' - but nowadays it means 'ugly face' or 'face of unpleasant person.' The common word for 'face' in modern Dutch is 'gezicht,' which also means 'view.'
Vermeer Relatives
Beatrix Gerrits Vouck
Balthasar Claes Gerrits
Beatrix van Buy
Jan Reynersz.
Neeltge Goris
hear

Claes Corstiaensz
Tanneken Balthus
Reynier Balthens
Digna Baltens
hear

Reynier Janz. Vos
Anthony Janz. Vermeer
Maertge Jans
Jan Heymensz. van der Hoeve
Gysbrecht van der Hoeve
hear - take 2
Vermeer's Close Family
Catharina Bolnes' Close Family
Reynier Janz. Vos
Digna Baltens
Johannes Vermeer
Gertruy Vermeer
hear

Maria Thins
Reynier Bolnes
Catharina Bolnes
Trijntje (Catharina's nickname)
Willem Bolnes (Catharina's brother)
hear
Vermeer's Children
More Names from
Tracy Chevalier's Girl with A Pearl Earring
Maria
Elisabeth
Cornelia
Aleydis
Beatrix
hear

Johannes
Geertruy
Franciscus
Catharina
Ignatius
hear

Tanneke
Griet
Maertge
Aleydis
hear

Agnes
Frans
Liesbeth
Pieter
Willem
Papenhoek (Papists' Corner)
hear - 2

Vermeer Mentioned
Dirck van Bleyswijck's Description of Delft (1667) has Arnold Bon's elegy to painter Carel Fabritius that mentions Vermeer in its last stanza:

Soo doov' dan desen Phenix t'onzer schade

Thus did this Phoenix, to our loss, expire
In 't midden en in 't beste van zyn swier,

In the midst and at the height of his powers,
Maar weer gelukkig rees' er uyt zyn vier

But happily there arose out of the fire
Vermeer, die meesterlyck betrad zyn pade.

Vermeer, who masterly trod in his path.
hear

Music from The Time of Vermeer

Piet Hein
There is a well-known song about admiral (and pirate) Piet Hein (also spelled Heyn) and his 1628 capture of the Spanish silver fleet; the song may well be recent, but it could also be something that Vermeer and the people in his paintings were familiar with.
The stockholders of the West India Company made something like 50 to 75% on their investment in the year of the Silver Fleet (sources differ on the amount.)

Piet Hein, Piet Hein,
Piet Hein zijn naam is klein,
... his name is short
Zijn daden benne groot,
His actions ('deeds') are big ('benne' is a slang term of 'to be' - note the similarity)
Zijn daden benne groot,
Hij heeft gewonnen de Zilvervloot.
He has captured ('won') the Silver Fleet
Hij heeft gewonnen, gewonnen de Zilvervloot,
Hij heeft gewonnen de Zilvervloot.
hear

Hear a few very nice pieces of keyboard music from Vermeer's time, played on the Virginals by Mr Joop Klaassen of the Netherlands at The Essential Vermeer

Almande de Symmerman
Courante Daphne
Malle Symen
Jan Sweelink
Susanne van Soldt
hear - 2

Muselaer
Spinet
virginaal
klavecimbel (harpsichord)
Ruckers
Louis van Emmerik
Het Vleeshuis ("The Meat Hall" lit.: house)
hear
Composers
Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck
Jacob van Eyck
Dirck Janszoon Scholl
Servaas Koninck
hear

instruments
luit (lute)
cister (cittern)
citer (cither)
gitaar (guitar)
viool (violin)
hear


klavecimbel (harpsichord)
blokfluit (recorder)
trompet (trumpet)
hear
Der Fluyten Lusthof (collection of compositions for solo recorder by Jacob van Eyck)
De Nederlantsche Gedenckclanck (songbook)
De Muiderkring (private musical and literary party)
De Amsterdamse Schouwburg (theatre)
hear
Constantijn Huygens (private secretary to the Stadholders, poet, musician, composer and art connoisseur)
Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft (poet)
Gerbrand Adriaanszoon Bredero (playwright and poet)
Maria Tesselschade (poetess and musician)
hear

Seventeenth-Century Dutch Painters

(You'll have an opportunity to see slight variations in spelling and hear some names repeated in different contexts.)

eight
Gerrit ter Borgh
Carel Fabritius
Pieter de Hoogh
Gabriel Metsu
hear

Nicolaes Maes
Rembrandt van Rijn
Jan Steen
Michael Sweerts
hear
20
Willem van Aelst
Hendrik Avercamp
Ambrosio Bosschaert
Adriaen Brouwer
Adriaen Coorte
hear

Aelbert Cuyp
Carel Fabritius
Karel Dujardin (French name)
Jan van Goyen
Frans Hals
hear

Meyndert Hobbema
Pieter de Hoogh
Gabriel Metsu
Jacob Ochtervelt
Rembrandt van Rijn
hear

Jacob van Ruisdael
Gerard Terborch
Willem van de Velde
Jacobus Vrel
Emmanuel de Witte
hear
56
Willem van Aelst
Hendrick Avercamp
Dirck van Baburen
Gillis Gillisz de Bergh
Paulus Bor
hear

Ambrosio Bosschaert
Leonaert Bramer
Adriaen Brouwer
Hendrick ter Brugghen
Hendrick van der Burgh
hear

Adriaen Coorte
Aelbert Cuyp
Gerrit Dou
Willem Drost
Karel Dujardin (French name)
hear

Pieter Janssens Elinga
Cesar van Everdingen
Carel Fabritius
Jan van Goyen
Frans Hals
hear
Maerten van Heemskerck
Bartholomeus van der Helst
Jan van der Heyden
Meyndert Hobbema
Gerard van Honthorst
hear

Pieter de Hoogh
Samuel (van) Hoogstraaten
Gerard Houckgeest
Willem Kalf
Philip Koninck
hear - 2

Judith Jansdochter Leyster
Nicolaes Maes
Gabriel Metsu
Frans van Mieris
Jan Miense Molenaar
hear

Caspar Netscher (German name)
Jacob Ochtervelt
Adriaen van Ostade
Antonie Palamedesz
Egbert van der Poel
hear
Rembrandt van Rijn
Jacob van Ruisdael
Pieter Jansz Saenredam
Godfried Cornelisz Schalken
Hendrick Sorg
hear

Jan Steen
Michael Sweerts
Gerard Terborch
Willem van de Velde
Jacob van Velsen
hear

Johannes Verkolje
Daniel Vosmaer
Jacobus Vrel
Emmanuel de Witte
Philips Wouwermans
hear

****************
Balthasar van der Ast
Jan de Bisschop
Adriaen van de Velde
Jan Baptist Weenix
hear
164
Karel de Moor click to hear 2
Paulus Potter click to hear 2 - his most famous painting: De Stier click to hear 2 ('The Bull') at Het Mauritshuis click to hear 2 in The Hague
Jacob Isaacsz. van Swanenburgh click to hear 2
Adriaen van Witvelt click to hear 2
Pieter van der Faes click to hear 2 (Peter Lely click to hear 2)

Rembrandt - Early Flemish and Dutch Painters



Painting terms (modern)
schilder (a painter)
schilderen (to paint)
schilderij (a painting)
hear

verf (paint)
penseel (small paintbrush)
kwast (average paintbrush)
kleur (color)
ezel (easel)
hear
Notes to Jargon
The root of the painting words is "schild," meaning "shield" and derives from the Germanic custom to paint warriors' shields.
The Dutch word for 'paint' is 'verf,' from the same root as the German word 'Farbe,' which came to mean 'color.'
The English word 'easel' derives from the Dutch word 'ezel'; the Dutch word also means 'donkey.'


[A Picture]
Van Meegeren at work on "Christ amongst The Doctors"

Han van Meegeren

In the 1930s, an unknown Vermeer painting was offered to Vermeer authority Abraham Bredius, who came to believe it was the real thing; a few more turned up in the following years. In 1945, one was found among Hermann Göring's possessions, sold to him by Han van Meegeren, who was then accused of collaboration with the nazis; but Van Meegeren explained it was a forgery that he had traded with Göring for 200 Dutch paintings looted in 1940, and to prove it he produced another 'Vermeer' while under house arrest.
More from Jonathan Janson's The Essential Vermeer.
Van Meegeren Catalogue - Another
A Dutch Van Meegeren site

Han van Meegeren
De Emmausgangers (the most famous and best forgery)
Nachtlokaal (a series of his own work)
Abraham Bredius (gave his blessing)
hear

[A Van Meegeren Painting]
Han van Meegeren, Nachtlokaal #2,
ca. 1925, Private Collection

Rembrandt
Sailors and Ships of the 17th Century --- More Dutch names --- Old New York
English, Dutch and German Words from A Common Root --- Hebrew Words in Dutch

[2 books]
media
[glasses, watch, etc.]
necessities
[a fleece jacket]
clothing
[clothespins]
laundry, cleaning
[a house]
the house
[a mirror]
beauty
[a 50s radio]
days of old

Site map - email - copyright © 1999-2006 Marco Schuffelen - All rights reserved
Only Jonathan Janson has my permission to publish material from this page
This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, redistributed, or hotlinked to.
Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2