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Colors in Dutch

[The Flag of The Netherlands, Red, White and Blue ]
(de) vlag click to hear
De Nederlandse vlag is rood - wit - blauw click to hear 2 3

[traffic light - red] [traffic light - orange] [traffic light - green]
(het) stoplicht click to hear 2
rood click to hear red

oranje click to hear orange

groen click to hear green

Adverbs modify verbs: the day was long
Adjectives modify nouns: the long day
The colors are usually found as adverbs and adjectives. Dutch adverbs are in the root form of the word (what you find in the dictionary) - Dutch adjectives in most positions get an -E ending, only not when they're with with singular 'het'-words after 'een,'   'geen'  or no article. Adjectives already ending in -E don't add an extra E.
Colors as nouns take the article het click to hear 2 3 = 't click to hear


rood click to hear
rode click to hear
rood/rode click to hear

oranje click to hear

geel click to hear
gele click to hear 2
geel/gele click to hear

groen click to hear
groene click to hear 2
groen/groene click to hear

blauw click to hear
blauwe click to hear 2 3
blauw/blauwe click to hear 2

paars click to hear
paarse click to hear 2
paars/paarse click to hear

wit click to hear
witte click to hear 2 3
wit/witte click to hear

zwart click to hear
zwarte click to hear
zwart/zwarte click to hear

grijs click to hear
grijze click to hear 2
grijs/grijze click to hear

bruin click to hear
bruine click to hear
bruin/bruine click to hear

roze click to hear (French)

beige click to hear 2 (French)
(actual color shown is the slightly darker 'ecru')
[a rainbow]
(de) regenboog click to hear rainbow

[red tomatoes]
De tomaten zijn rood
- de rode tomaten click to hear
[a red five-ponted star]
de ster is rood
- de rode ster click to hear 2 3
[yellow bananas]
de bananen zijn geel
- de gele bananen click to hear
[yellow dandelion flower]
de paardebloem is geel
- de gele paardebloem click to hear
[orange oranges]
de sinaasappels zijn oranje
- de oranje sinaasappels click to hear
[green grass]
het gras is groen
- het groene gras click to hear
[one green apple]
de appel is groen
- de groene appel click to hear 2
[four green apples]
de groene appels
- de appels zijn groen click to hear
[blue sky]
de hemel is blauw
- de blauwe hemel click to hear
de lucht is blauw
- de blauwe lucht click to hear 2
[purple flower]
de bloem is paars
- de paarse bloem click to hear
[black, leather shoes]
de schoenen zijn zwart
- de zwarte schoenen click to hear
[white clouds]
de wolken zijn wit
- de witte wolken click to hear 2
[white and black piano keys]
de toetsen zijn wit en zwart
- de witte toetsen en de zwarte toetsen click to hear 2
[white wool]
de witte wol
- de wol is wit click to hear
[brown coconut]
de kokosnoot is bruin
- de bruine kokosnoot click to hear
[a glass of milk]
melk is wit
- de witte melk click to hear
[a sheet of white paper] [a sheet of white paper]
het witte papier
- het papier is wit click to hear 2
[writing in black ink]
de inkt is zwart
- de zwarte inkt click to hear 2
[pink skin]
de huid is roze
- de roze huid click to hear
[grey hair] [grey hair]
het haar is grijs
- het grijze haar click to hear
[my brown eyes]
mijn ogen zijn bruin
- de bruine ogen click to hear 2
[blue jeans]
de spijkerbroek is blauw
- de blauwe spijkerbroek click to hear 2
[red-purple flower]
roodpaars click to hear 2
[blue-purple flower]
blauwpaars click to hear 2 3 4

Colors as nouns are 'het-words'
't Blauw van de hemel click to hear 2 The blue of the sky 't Blauw van spijkerstof is indigo click to hear 2 The blue of denim is indigo 't Groen van planten is chlorofyl click to hear 2 3 The green of plants is chlorophyll

scharlaken click to hear 2 3 ('scarlet')
violet click to hear ('violet')
(De) kleur click to hear 2 ('color') - plural: kleuren click to hear ('colors')
kleurloos click to hear 2 colorless, pale, drab, bland
kleurrijk click to hear colorful
lichtblauw click to hear 2 3 4 light blue
donkerblauw click to hear 2 3 4 dark blue
In Dutch, 'white' people are called blanken click to hear 2
flets click to
  hear 'pale, washed-out color'
pasteltinten click to hear 'pastel tints' (soft, pale colors)
(de) schutkleur click to hear 2 3 'camouflaging color'
cyaan click to hear 2 cyan
pikzwart click to hear 2 pitch-black, completely dark
hagelwit click to hear 2 'white as hail,' very clean, bright white
sneeuwwit click to hear 2 'white as snow,' very clean, bright white
spierwit click to hear 2 'white as muscle,' very pale (said of faces)
vuurrood click to hear 2 'red as fire,' fiery red
mauve click to hear mauve, a kind of red or purple
vaalbruin click to hear 2 3 faded brown, drab, dun
pimpelpaars click to hear 'purple purple' bright purple
purper click to hear purple (old-fashioned)

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Gij zult niet stelen click to hear 'Thou shalt not steal'