Thank you Julia Lenardon for help with the phonetic symbols.
Also thank you Katalin Tihanyi for pointing me to John Wells' International Phonetic Alphabet in Unicode webpage.
Still, phonetic characters may not display correctly on all computers.
The sound files can only be heard on the 'Theatre Version' of my Website CD-ROM >>
Another Words List
Point of Tension: Front of lips slightly forward and form an oval (rather than round) shape.
Resonance: The slight forward posture of the lips creates enough space in the oral cavity and the pharynx which establishes a good balance of the resonance, though more oral than pharyngeal resonance (not unlike American oral resonance.)
Rhythm and Tempo: The overall rhythm is slightly staccato (probably a result of the devoicing of many consonants), with a rhythmically rising and falling pattern that is moderately paced tempo.
Pitch Range and Lilt (Tune): The pitch range is approximately the same as General American (6-8 pitches). There is also a perceptible rhythmic upward lilt (not unlike what is found in a Swedish accent) that resolves in a downward inflection at the end of a declarative sentence.
Stress Pattern: The Dutch will raise the pitch slightly on the stressed syllable within the word, and will also raise the pitch on the entire word if that word is to receive stress in the sentence or utterance.
Pronunciation: The Dutch when speaking English usually use the British [ɑ - æ] Split for the 'Ask' List Words (i.e., they mostly use the [ɑ] as in 'father' for the [æ] as in 'cat' for the words on this list.) The same British usage is true for the use of the softened 'you' sound as in 'Duke'.
Key: Major Key
family, cat, ask, answer, fact, baggage, happy, Sam 2 3
1a. Sam was happy when he asked his family to answer the man.
1b. The erratic band manager was frantic and angered at the pamphlet that attacked the amateur standing of the talented young actress.
lot, God, doll, column, monster, watch, want, what, wand, wander
all, taught, walk, thought, mortal, fault, ought, law, Paul, or, forgot
2a. Paul forgot he taught his adorable daughter to walk and talk.
2b. Lots of monsters want and watch or walk as they stalk their prey.
put, look, took, full, could, hook, stood, would, good, should, bush 2
3. The good-looking cook took a good look at the butcher with the crooked foot, who stood near the wooden pulpit, his hand on the Good Book, his face full of sugary looks.
once, tough, judge, much, cup, enough, hungry, dozen, young, country, blood 2
4. Once nothing but hungry destruction succeeded, the blood of dozens of other countries was the unutterable by-product.
June, students, Tuesday, lieu, crew, nuisance 2
5. The new duke arrived on Tuesday from Europe to view the assured troops.
raft, path, lather, brass, example, demand 2
exceptions: Taft, maths, gather, mass, ample, stand 2
6. I can't understand why Auntie is afraid of the ants on the path, can you?
I. Devoicing in ALL Positions: Initial, Medial and Final
verve, very, victory, caveman, lovelorn, lively, improve, connive, tentative, positive 2
1a. The very victorious caveman was tentative yet positive as he drove
toward the grave.
1b. Lovely wives are very lively and resolve to love, not tentatively but positively.
think, three, thistle, thread, breathless, birthday, faithful, teeth, booth, myth, wreath 2
2a. You have been ruthless, unfaithful, and uncouth, so spare me your
breathless, mythful truths.
2b. The width, length, and breadth of the earth would take thwarted months and months to thread.
judgement, engagement, averaged, abridgement, bulged, George, rage, edge, image 2
3. George urged the judge to acknowledge his pledge to discourage the young man's dangerous engagement. 2
withdraw, withstand, loathsome, wreather, bathe, unsheath, smooth 2
4a. I cannot breathe smoothly; I need to bathe, and soothe my wounds, and withstand the pain.
B. [ð] --- [d]
The [ð] as in 'there' in the initial position in the word becomes a [d] as in 'Dad'.
there, then, thy, that, thee, the, this, thou, they, them 2
4b. There can be no mistake that they thought thee and thou would be there.
II. Devoicing in the Medial and Final Positions ONLY:
advertised, handmade, adverse, sandpiper, blended, identified, unsound, woodman 2
5a. Afraid, cold, and fatigued, we waded in the dark.
5b. The woodman admitted that he needed more hand-made wood windwipers.
imbibe, abdomen, hubbub, suburb, probably, subject, hobnob, grab, stab 2
6a. Babbling like a baby, Bobby grabbed at my watch fob and sobbed.
6b. His abdomen probably bubbled up with stabbing pains because he had imbibed too much.
Marco note: in Dutch, the B in final position is pronounced as P, and
those B's remain P's in compound words - but when followed by a vowel,
B's are generally pronounced as B's, and I think a Dutchman pronounces
them like that in English too.
Dutch: slab slap slabben slappe - lip lippen rib ribben
grabbing, gripping 2
suggest, straggler, quagmire, zigzag, recognized, pigment, dig, beg, fog, league, intrigue 2
7. The indignant witness was totally ignorant of the quagmired intrigue and struggled gallantly to be even vaguely cognizant of the pregnant circumstances.
abused, amazed, wisdom, daze, was, hers, ours, theirs, those, breeze, Joe's 2
8. Bees plus fleas, in twos and threes, gazed at the heavens as they buzzed their way through the leaves and trees. ('tress' 2 3 4)
massaged, Taj Mahal, garaged, beige, collage, rouge, badinage, mirage 2
9. The beige Taj Mahal garage housed an entourage, a montage of antique rouge cars. 2
city, duty, butter, phonetic, pity, absolutely 2
10. It was absolutely a pity that he had to go to the city in such bitter weather. 2
*where, *when, *why, *what, *whether, *which, hue, human, Hugh
who, whom, whole, whore 2
11. Whether as we humans will ever learn where, when and why the accident occurred - or what caused it - is a question which Hugh may never be able to answer. 2 3
wind, away, wormwood, when, why, wander, which, witch, would, want 2
12. Which witch would you want to see and why would you want to wander with her? 2
heel, hill, hail, hell, Hal, doll, Paul, pole, pull, pool 2
13a. Hal and climb the hill and cry like hell because of his sore heel.
13b. Paul gave the doll to Molly to put on the pole but she threw it in the pool and couldn't pull it out. 2
right, Robert, rich, reread, rarefy, library, hurry, wider, bird, firm, word, absurd 2
14. In February, various absurd characteristically bureaucratic representatives discussed the wider and irritable matter of early bird catching the worm. 2 3
staff, giraffe, laugh, laughter, draught, raft, craft, graft, daft, shaft, aft, haft, draft, after, rafter, Shaftesbury, calf, half, chaff, graph
path, lath, lather, rather
brass, class, glass, pass, clasp, grasp, rasp, gasp
blast, cast, fast, mast, aghast, last, past, contrast, vast, avast, ask, bask, mask, flask, cask, task, alas, hasp, Basque, masque, drastic, elastic, gymnastic
master, plaster, disaster, castor, pastor, nasty, disastrous, disaster, ghastly, castle
brass, class, glass, pass, clasp, grasp, rasp, gasp, blast, cast, fast, mast, aghast, last, past, contrast, vast, avast, ask, bask, mask, flask, cask, task, alas, hasp, Basque, masque drastic, elastic, gymnastic, master, plaster, disaster, castor, pastor, nasty, disastrous, disaster, gastly, castle, basket, casket, rascal, fasten, raspberry, pasty, enthusiastic, bastard, paschal, pastoral, masculine, masquerade, exasperate, blasphemy, masticate, Glasgow
dance, advance, chance, France, lance, glance, enhance, prance, trance, entrance (v.), grant, slant, aunt, chant, plant, advantage, vantage, chantry, supplant, enchant, branch, blanch, ranch, stanch, stanchion, chancel, chancellor, Frances, Francis, lancet, answer, demand, command, remand, slander, chandler, commando, Alexander, Sandra, Flanders, shan't, can't, stance, askance, circumstantial, intransigent, substantial, Iran, Sudan, banana, transit, transport, transfer, transform, transitory, transient, transept
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Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2