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Dutch Grammar and Punctuation Words - Smartphone Page

the: de click to hear 2 / het click to hear 2 3 - 't click to hear ->>
Plurals always take 'de'
a: (een) - 'n click to hear / one: één click to hear 2 3

Letters and Words
Punctuation Marks
Grammar Terms
Pronunciation Terms

Letters and Words

(de) letter click to hear 2 letter, character
(de) lettergreep click to hear syllable
let-ter-gre-pen click to hear 2 syllables
lettergrepen click to hear syllables
(het) woord click to hear word
woorden click to hear words
(het) woordenboek click to hear 2 3 dictionary

(de) zin click to hear 2 sentence, line - also: desire, liking
(de) regel click to hear 2 3 4 line, sentence - also: rule
(de) zinsbouw click to hear 2 syntax, word order, sentence structure
(de) woordvolgorde click to hear 2 3 word order ->>
(de) bijzin click to hear 2 sub-sentence, 'subordinate clause'

(de) paragraaf click to hear 2 / (de) alinea click to hear 2 paragraph
(het) hoofdstuk click to hear chapter
(het) boek click to hear 2 3 book

Punctuation Marks

leestekens click to hear 2 ['reading signs']
singular: (het) leesteken click to hear 2 3

. (de) punt click to hear 2 3 4 period
, (de) komma click to hear comma
; (de) puntkomma click to hear semicolon
: (de) dubbelepunt click to hear colon
' (de) apostrof click to hear apostrophe
"
""
(het) aanhalingsteken click to hear quote
plural: aanhalingstekens click to hear quotes
- (het) streepje click to hear hyphen, dash
_ liggend streepje click to hear 2 underscore
? (het) vraagteken click to hear question mark ->> - 2
! (het) uitroepteken click to hear exclamation mark
... stippeltje stippeltje click to hear 2 dot-dot-dot
() haakjes click to hear 2 parentheses
singular: (het) haakje click to hear 2
'tussen twee haakjes' click to hear 2 between parentheses
@ (het) apenstaartje (apestaartje) click to hear [monkey's tail] at-sign
# (het) matje click to hear 2 hash, hash tag, pound sign
(het) hekje click to hear 2 hash, hash tag, pound sign
& (het) en-teken click to hear 2 ampersand

(de) hoofdletter click to hear capital, capital letter
(de) kleine letter click to hear 2 lowercase letter
cursief click to hear 2 italic
vetgedrukt click to hear bold (print)

"Ik citeer: ..." click to hear 2 3 'I quote ...' 'quote unquote ...'

ä ë ï ö ü (diaeresis, dieresis) - the dots on top of vowels are called (het) trema click to hear - in Dutch, they indicate a syllable break before that vowel - more

See also: Simple Calculations, Math

Grammar Words

(de) grammatica click to hear grammar
regels click to hear rules - also: lines
- Grammar Pages Overview

(het) zelfstandig naamwoord click to hear 2 3 noun
(het) werkwoord click to hear verb ->>
(het) persoonlijk voornaamwoord click to hear personal pronoun ->>
(het) bezittelijk voornaamwoord click to hear 2 possessive pronoun
(het) bijvoeglijk naamwoord click to hear 2 adjective ->>
(het) bijwoord click to hear 2 3 adverb
(het) voorzetsel click to hear 2 preposition ->>

(het) lidwoord click to hear 2 article ->>
bepaald lidwoord click to hear 'definite article' ('the' - de, het, 't)
onbepaald lidwoord click to hear 'indefinite article' ('a' - een, 'n)

'de'-woorden - nouns with 'de'
'het'-woorden - nouns with 'het'
click to hear

(het) enkelvoud click to hear 2 (the) singular
(het) meervoud click to hear 2 (the) plural ->>

(de) vervoeging click to hear 2 conjugation (changes in verbs)
(de) verbuiging click to hear 2 3 declension (changes in nouns, adjectives, pronouns)

(het) voorvoegsel click to hear 2 prefix
(het) achtervoegsel click to hear 2 3 suffix
(de) uitgang click to hear 2 ending - also: exit

(de) vergrotende trap click to hear 2 3 comparative degree
(de) overtreffende trap click to hear 2 superlative degree ->>
(de) 'trap' click to hear usually either means 'stairs' or 'kick'

sterke werkwoorden click to hear 2 strong verbs
zwakke werkwoorden click to hear 2 3 weak verbs ->>

JohnJan subjectonderwerp
givesgeeft verbwerkwoord
meme indirect
object
meewerkend voorwerp
a bookeen boek objectlijdend voorwerp
click to hear 2

(het) onderwerp click to hear subject, nominative
(het) gezegde click to hear the 'predicate' - what is said in a sentence about the subject
(het) lijdend voorwerp click to hear 2 ['suffering item'] - object, accusative
(het) meewerkend voorwerp click to hear ['cooperating item'] - indirect object, dative

(de) tijd click to hear 2 3 (verb) tense - also: time - time
(de) verleden tijd click to hear 2 3 past tense
(de) tegenwoordige tijd click to hear 2 3 present tense
de toekomende tijd click to hear 2 the future tense

- or, with more precision:
onvoltooid tegenwoordige tijd click to hear 2 (ott click to hear) ['unfinished present time'] 'simple (imperfect) present tense'
for instance: I have (ik heb click to hear)
and: I am (ik ben click to hear 2 )
onvoltooid verleden tijd click to hear 2 (ovt click to hear) ['unfinished past time'] 'simple (imperfect) past tense'
for instance: I had (ik had click to hear 2)
and: I was (ik was click to hear)
voltooid tegenwoordige tijd click to hear 2 (vtt click to hear) ['finished present time'] 'perfect present tense'
for instance: I have had (ik heb gehad click to hear)
and: I have been (ik ben geweest click to hear)
voltooid verleden tijd click to hear 2 (vvt click to hear) ['finished past time'] 'perfect past tense'
for instance: I had had (ik had gehad click to hear 2)
and: I had been (ik was geweest click to hear 2)

(de) onbepaalde wijs click to hear (verb) infinitive
(de) lijdende vorm click to hear ['suffering mode'] - the passive
(de) gebiedende wijs click to hear 2 3 ['command mode'] - the imperative
voltooid deelwoord click to hear past participle
wederkerende werkwoorden click to hear 2 3 reflexive verbs
- Smartphone Verbs Pages

Pronunciation Terms

(de) uitspraak click to hear pronunciation ->>
(de) klemtoon click to hear 2 stress, emphasis
klinkers click to hear vowels - a, e, i, o, u ->>
tweeklanken click to hear diphthongs
- au, ei, eu, ij, oe, ou, ui ->>
medeklinkers click to hear consonants
- b c d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v w x z ->> - 2
(de) spelling click to hear 2 spelling ->> - 2

In these pages, I usually call the 'schwa' click to hear the 'voiceless, unstressed E.' The Dutch word for it is
'stomme E' click to hear 2
or 'toonloze E' click to hear
I'd rather call it 'niet-beklemtoonde E' click to hear ('unstressed E') but that's a mouthful and who am I?

More Good Dutch Smartphone Pages

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Gij zult niet stelen click to hear 'Thou shalt not steal'