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Dutch Everyday: Trees

[a leaf]
blad click to hear
[leaves]
bladeren click to hear
[small leaves]
blaadjes click to hear - 2
[Fall changing of the colors]
herfstkleuren click to hear - 2
[fallen leaves]
dode bladeren click to hear
[small branch]
takje click to hear
[branch]
tak click to hear
[tree]
boom click to hear
[small tree]
boompje click to hear
[small tree]
boompje
[trees]
bomen click to hear
[trees]
bomen click to hear
[tree trunk]
boomstam click to hear
[tree trunk]
boomstam click to hear
[tree stump]
boomstronk click to hear
[roots]
wortels click to hear
[roots]
wortels click to hear
[forest]
bos click to hear
[jungle]
oerwoud click to hear - 2 - 3
[jungle]
oerwoud click to hear - 2 - 3
de / het / 't click to hear (the)
een, 'n click to hear - 2 (a, an)
één click to hear (one)
>>
(het) blad
(het) blaadje
(de) bladeren
hear
(leaf)
(small leaf)
(leaves)
(de) tak
(de) boomstam
(de) boomstronk
(de) wortel
hear - 2
(branch)
(tree trunk)
(tree stump)
(root)
(de) boom
(het) bos
(het) woud
hear
(tree)
(forest)
(deep, vast forest)

Blad click to
  hear ('leaf') has the irregular plural: bladeren click to
  hear ('leaves') - irregular both in the lengthening of the vowel and in the -eren ending.
The diminutive blaadje click to
  hear ('small leaf') also has that lengthened vowel.
You could also say, poetically (or rough): blâren click to
  hear ('leaves') though that word (written without the accent circonflexe) also means 'blisters.'
Dode bladeren click to
  hear, dooie blâren click to
  hear ('[dead] fallen leaves.')

Boom click to
  hear ('tree') is written with two O's, while the plural bomen click to
  hear ('trees') has only one O: but the sound is the same ("long O.")
The Dutch spelling rules are fairly straightforward, mostly consistent, and not difficult.
A double vowel is always long:
boom click to
  hear ('tree') - maan click to
  hear - 2 ('moon')
A single vowel will be long in an open syllable (ending in a vowel):
stro click to
  hear - 2 ('straw') - ma click to
  hear - 2 ('mom')
A single vowel will be short in a closed syllable (ending in a consonant):
bom click to
  hear - 2 ('bomb') - man click to
  hear - 2 ('man')
If there is only one (1) consonant between vowels when a word (or part of a word) is split up in syllables,
that consonant almost always goes to the second syllable, leaving the first syllable open with a long vowel:
bomen: bo-men click to
  hear ('trees') - manen: ma-nen click to
  hear - 2 ('moons')
If there are two or more consonants between vowels when a word (or part of a word) is split up in syllables,
then usually one of those consonants remains with the first syllable, and makes it a closed syllable with a short vowel:
bommen: bom-men click to
  hear - 2 ('bombs') - mannen: man-nen click to
  hear - 2 ('men').
fully explained.

[family tree]
stamboom click to hear >>
Woud click to
  hear - 2 is a vast, deep forest, like: Het Zwarte Woud click to
  hear - 2 ('The Black Forest.')
Very large trees are sometimes called woudreuzen click to
  hear - 2 ('giants of the forest.')
Oerwoud click to
  hear - 2 - 3 ('jungle') is literally 'primeval forest.'
Wortels click to
  hear ('roots') is also the common word for 'carrots.'
Boomschors click to
  hear ('tree bark.') Also: bast click to
  hear
Note that boomstronk click to
  hear is 'tree stump,' while boomstam click to
  hear is 'tree trunk.'
[wine bottle cork]
kurk click to hear
[fir tree]
dennenboom click to hear
[a Christmas tree]
kerstboom click to hear
[pine needles]
dennennaalden click to hear
[pinecone]
dennenappel click to hear
[pineapple]
ananas click to hear
'Pineapple' is ananas click to hear in Dutch; there is an old-fashioned word pijnappel click to hear for 'pinecone,' but the common word is dennenappel click to hear 2. A related (and also old-fashioned) word is pijnappelklier click to hear 2 ('pineal gland.')
[blossom, bloom]
bloesem click to hear
[oak leaf]
eikenblad click to hear
[acorns]
eikels click to hear
[chestnuts]
kastanjes click to hear 2
[wood, lumber, timber]
hout click to hear - timmerhout click to hear
[knot in wood]
knoest click to hear
[a wooden stool]
het houten krukje
- het krukje is van hout click to hear
[clogs, the Dutch wooden shoes]
de houten klompen
- de klompen zijn van hout click to hear

[a wooden spoon]
de houten lepel
- de lepel is van hout click to hear

[laminated board, <5 layers]
multiplex click to hear 2
[laminated board, 3 layers]
triplex click to hear 2
(de) timmerman click to hear 2 'carpenter'
(de) houthakker click to hear 2 ['woodchopper']
'lumberjack, logger'

(de) boom click to hear 2 tree
bomen click to hear trees
A Few Common Trees
eik click to hear oak
beuk click to hear beech
berk click to hear 2 birch
iep click to hear 2 elm
(old-fashioned:) olm click to hear 2 elm
es click to hear 2 ash
esdoorn click to hear maple
els click to hear alder
populier click to hear poplar
linde click to hear 2 linden (lime?)
wilg click to hear willow
treurwilg click to hear weeping willow
den click to
 hear
dennenboom click to hear
pine tree
pine tree
spar click to hear 2 spruce
ceder click to hear cedar
tulpenboom click to hear
= magnolia click to hear 2
tulips tree >>
= magnolia
*
kastanje click to
 hear
kastanjeboom click to hear 2
chestnut (both nut and tree)
chestnut tree
appelboom click to hear 2 apple tree
perenboom click to hear 2 pear tree
kersenboom click to hear 2 cherry tree
pruimenboom click to hear plum tree
notenboom click to hear walnut tree

spaanplaat click to hear particle board

[A collection of tools]
tools
[A Dutch flag on the edge of a puddle of water]
colors
[grapes]
food
[a house]
the house
[books]
media
[jacket]
clothing
[a mirror]
beauty
[glasses, watch, etc.]
necessities

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Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2