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Everyday Dutch Vocabulary 2 - Home - 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 - Version 2: 1 2 3 4 5 - Hear 2000 words (list)

Qualifiers: Adjectives and Adverbs (Revised 2011)

Adjectives modify nouns: The big man.
Adverbs modify verbs: He slept soundly.
The Dutch words listed are in the adverb form. Dutch doesn't have something like the English adverb '-ly' ending; but Dutch adjectives usually have an -e ending, which may reduce a preceding double vowel to a single vowel, or double a preceding single consonant:
breed/brede, dik/dikke click to hear (examples for this page - explanation.)
After 'een,' 'geen' or when there's no article at all, adjectives for 'het' words don't get an -e ending: (more)
De appel is groen - de groene appel - een groene appel - het groene appeltje - een groen appeltje click to hear
De lange man - een lange man - het lange boek - een lang boek - de baby slaapt lang click to hear
- But don't worry too much about it when you start speaking Dutch, you won't go wrong very often when you say all adjectives with an 'e.'.

As always, skip the words that you think are not useful to you - or click the arrows >> for more words on a subject.
(E) (F) - words from English and French - not following Dutch pronunciation rules >>
>>Supplement

Adjectives and Adverbs >>
groot click to hear large; big;
tall; great
klein click to hear small, little
lang click to hear long, tall
kort click to hear short
breed click to hear wide
smal click to hear narrow
(wijd click to hear wide)
(nauw click to hear narrow)
hoog click to hear high
laag click to hear low
dik click to hear fat, thick
dun click to hear thin
mager click to hear skinny
jong click to hear young
oud click to hear old
nieuw click to hear new
sterk click to hear strong
zwak click to hear weak
slap click to hear feeble
los click to hear loose
vast click to hear fast, connected
strak click to hear tight
warm click to hear warm
koud click to hear cold
droog click to hear dry
nat click to hear wet
hard click to hear hard
zacht click to hear soft
ruw click to hear rough
glad click to hear smooth; slippery
veel click to hear many, much
weinig click to hear few, little
open click to hear open
dicht click to hear shut, closed
vol click to hear full
leeg click to hear empty
massief click to hear solid, massive
hol click to hear hollow
recht click to hear straight
krom click to hear crooked, bent
rechts click to hear right
links click to hear left
snel click to hear quick, fast
langzaam click to hear slow
licht click to hear light
zwaar click to hear heavy
licht click to hear light
donker click to hear dark
helder click to hear clear
eerste click to hear first >>
tweede click to hear second
laatste click to hear last
ver click to hear far
ver weg click to hear far away
dichtbij click to hear close
rond click to hear round
vierkant click to hear square
rechthoekig click to hear rectangular
vroeg click to hear early
laat click to hear late
mooi click to hear beautiful, pretty
lelijk click to hear ugly
arm click to hear poor
rijk click to hear rich
goedkoop click to hear cheap, inexpensive
duur click to hear expensive, dear
schoon click to hear clean
vuil click to hear dirty
vies click to hear dirty, foul
zuur click to hear sour, acid
zoet click to hear sweet
zout click to hear salty
bitter click to hear bitter
vlak click to hear flat, even
diep click to hear deep
scherp click to hear sharp
goed click to hear right, correct
fout click to hear wrong
(juist click to hear correct)
(verkeerd click to hear wrong)
goed click to hear good, well
slecht click to hear bad
verantwoordelijk click to hear responsible
ernstig click to hear serious
(serieus click to hear serious)
waar click to hear true
onwaar click to hear false, untrue
slim click to hear clever
dom click to hear dumb
verstandig click to hear sensible
onverstandig click to hear stupid
wijs click to hear wise
dwaas click to hear foolish
gezond click to hear healthy
ziek click to hear sick, ill
levend click to hear alive
moe click to hear tired
dood click to hear dead
wakker click to hear awake
bewust click to hear conscious
gek click to hear crazy
mannelijk click to hear male
vrouwelijk click to hear female
getrouwd click to hear married
blij click to hear happy, glad
bedroefd click to hear sad
boos click to hear angry
tevreden click to hear content, pleased
aardig click to hear kind, friendly
lief click to hear sweet, dear
(vriendelijk click to hear kind, friendly)
gemeen click to hear mean
wreed click to hear cruel
gewelddadig click to hear violent
eenvoudig click to hear simple, basic
ingewikkeld click to hear complex
(gecompliceerd click to hear complicated)
moeilijk click to hear hard, difficult
gemakkelijk click to hear easy
regelmatig click to hear regular
vaak click to hear frequent, often
plotseling click to hear sudden
afzonderlijk click to hear separate
verschillend click to hear different
afhankelijk click to hear dependent
dezelfde click to hear the same
hetzelfde click to hear the same
gelijkwaardig click to hear (of) equal (value)
soortgelijk click to hear similar
normaal click to hear normal
gewoon click to hear common, usual
gemiddeld click to hear average
algemeen click to hear general
bijzonder * click to hear special
(speciaal click to hear special)
vreemd click to hear strange
duidelijk click to hear clear
belangrijk click to hear important
voornaamste click to hear chief
zeker click to hear certain
mogelijk click to hear possible
veilig click to hear safe
degelijk click to hear sound, solid
evenwijdig click to hear parallel
tegenovergesteld click to hear opposite
vast click to hear fixed
stijf click to hear stiff
flexibel click to hear elastic
vrij click to hear free
klaar click to hear ready, finished
volledig click to hear complete
(compleet click to hear complete)
gedeeltelijk click to hear in part
stil click to hear quiet
luidruchtig click to hear loud, noisy
druk click to hear busy
openbaar click to hear public
geheim click to hear secret
persoonlijk click to hear personal
gemengd click to hear mixed
vruchtbaar click to hear fertile
kleverig click to hear sticky
kokend click to hear boiling
gesneden click to hear cut
gebroken click to hear broken (in pieces)
aanwezig click to hear present (here)
wachtend click to hear waiting
automatisch click to hear automatic
natuurlijk click to hear natural
stoffelijk click to hear material
chemisch click to hear chemical >>
electrisch click to hear electrical >>
lichamelijk click to hear (body) physical
medisch click to hear medical >>
politiek click to hear political >>
militair click to hear military >>






rood click to hear
oranje click to hear
geel click to hear
groen click to hear
blauw click to hear
paars click to hear







(de) kleur click to hear (color)
plural:
kleuren click to
  hear (colors)
colors - 2 - adjectives - flowers
zwart click to hear wit click to hear bruin click to hear grijs click to hear roze click to hear

Comparative and Superlative Degree

Very similar to English, Dutch in general adds -er to the basic form for the comparative degree, and -st is added for the superlative degree; but 'meer' click to hear ('more') and meest click to hear ('most') are less common in Dutch than in English. But for you, students, it's alright to more often use 'meer' and 'meest' while you're learning.
lang
langer
langst
click to hear 2
long; tall
longer; taller
longest; tallest

klein
kleiner
kleinst
click to hear 2
small, little
smaller
smallest

groot
groter
grootst
click to hear 2
big, large
bigger, larger
biggest, largest

smal
smaller
smalst
click to hear 2
narrow
more narrow
most narrow
[Jan, Piet, Klaas and Wim.
    Jan is taller than Piet,
    Piet and Klaas are the same height,
    Wim is the tallest.
    (Klaas looks sad.)]
Jan is groter dan Piet click to hear John is taller than Pete
Piet is even groot als Klaas click to hear 2 Pete is as tall as Charles
Piet en Klaas zijn even groot click to hear 2 Pete and Charles are the same height
Wim is het grootst click to hear 2 Bill is the tallest

Many Dutchmen say "groter (etc.) als," for the comparative degree, but that is not correct. Use dan click to hear - groter dan click to hear ('bigger than')

See top of this page for adding an -e to most adjectives, and see my lesson 11 on double and single vowels and consonants.

There are of course a few exceptions, like in English with very common adjectives and adverbs, and often in a similar way:

goed click to hear good, well
beter click to hear better
best click to hear best
hear 3

weinig click to hear little, few
minder click to hear less, fewer
minst click to hear least
een beetje click to hear a little
minstens click to hear at least

veel click to hear much, many, a lot of
meer click to hear more
meest click to hear most
hoogstens click to hear at most
Te veel mensen met te veel geld click to hear 2 Too many people with too much money
Minder werk voor minder mensen click to hear 2 Less work for fewer people

A very small number of adjectives can be used as nouns, and some of those have a superlative degree: de armen click to hear 2 3 ('the poor') - de armsten click to hear 2 3 ('the poorest people') - de allerarmsten click to hear 2 ('the poorest of the poor.') Of course, de armen are also the body parts between hands and shoulders

Previous Everyday Dutch Home 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Words and Phrases for Travelers Next
Version 2: Nouns - Adjectives, Adverbs and Verbs - Prepositions (etc.): pictorial / list - Supplement

email - copyright © 2011 Marco Schuffelen - All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, redistributed, or hotlinked to.

Qualifiers: Adjectives and Adverbs (Old Version)

groot
klein
breed
smal
hoog
laag
hear
(large; big; tall; great)
(small, little)
(wide)
(narrow)
(high)
(low)

lang
kort
dik
dun
mager
hear -
take 2
(long, tall)
(short)
(fat, thick)
(thin)
(skinny)

los
vast
strak
open
dicht
hear
(loose)
(fast, connected)
(tight)
(open)
(shut)
recht
krom
kapot
breekbaar
hear
(straight)
(bent, crooked)
(broken)
(fragile)

zacht
hard
glad
ruw
hear
(soft)
(hard)
(smooth)
(rough)

warm
koud
droog
nat
hear
(warm)
(cold)
(dry)
(wet)

vlak
diep
scherp
ver
dichtbij
hear
(flat)
(deep)
(sharp)
(far)
(near)

links
rechts
snel
langzaam
hear
(left)
(right)
(fast, quick)
(slow)

helder
donker
licht
zwaar
hear - 2
(bright)
(dark)
(light)
(heavy)

sterk
zwak
slap
veel
weinig
hear
(strong)
(weak)
(weak, feeble)
(much, many)
(few, litle)

vol
leeg
massief
hol
hear
(full)
(empty)
(solid, massive)
(hollow)

klaar
volledig
rond
vierkant
rechthoekig
hear
(ready)
(complete)
(round)
(square)
(rectangular)
blauw
geel
rood
wit
zwart
hear
(blue)
(yellow)
(red)
(white)
(black)

groen
oranje
paars
bruin
grijs
hear
(green)
(orange)
(purple)
(brown)
(grey)

zoet
zuur
zout
bitter
hear
(sweet)
(sour)
(salty)
(bitter)
Colors and Materials
vroeg
laat
eerste
tweede
laatste
hear
(early)
(late)
(first)
(second)
(last)

jong
oud
nieuw
hear
(young)
(old)
(new)

mooi
lelijk
schoon
vuil
vies
hear
(beautiful, pretty)
(ugly)
(clean)
(dirty)
(dirty; bad-tasting)
arm
rijk
goedkoop
duur
hear
(poor)
(rich)
(cheap, inexpensive)
(expensive)

slim
dom
onverstandig
verstandig
wijs
dwaas
hear
(clever)
(dumb)
(stupid)
(sensible)
(wise)
(foolish)

waar
onwaar
slecht
goed
juist
fout
hear
(true)
(false)
(bad)
(good, right)
(correct)
(wrong)
gezond
ziek
moe
levend
dood
hear
(healthy)
(sick, ill)
(tired)
(living, alive)
(dead)

blij
bedroefd
boos
tevreden
aardig
hear
(happy, glad)
(sad)
(angry)
(content)
(kind, friendly)

wakker
bewust
gek
wreed
gewelddadig
hear
(awake)
(conscious)
(crazy, insane)
(cruel)
(violent)
eenvoudig
ingewikkeld
evenwijdig
tegenovergesteld
hear
(simple)
(complex)
(parallel)
(opposite)

verantwoordelijk
ernstig
duidelijk
belangrijk
voornaamste
hear - 2
(responsible)
(serious)
(clear, evident)
(important)
(chief)

zeker
mogelijk
degelijk
veilig
hear
(certain)
(possible)
(sound)
(safe)
hetzelfde,
dezelfde
gelijkwaardig
soortgelijk
hear
(same)
(same)
(equal)
(like)

normaal
gewoon
bijzonder*
vreemd
hear
(normal)
(common)
(special)
(strange)

algemeen
afzonderlijk
verschillend
afhankelijk
hear
(general)
(separate)
(different)
(dependent)
bijzonder: unusual 'ij' pronunciation
regelmatig
vaak
plotseling
wachtend
hear
(regular)
(frequent)
(sudden)
(waiting)

vast
flexibel
stijf
vrij
aanwezig
hear
(fixed)
(elastic)
(stiff)
(free)
(present (here))

gemengd
vruchtbaar
kleverig
kokend
gesneden
hear
(mixed)
(fertile)
(sticky)
(boiling)
(cut)
mannelijk
vrouwelijk
getrouwd
hear
(male)
(female)
(married)

openbaar
geheim
persoonlijk
hear
(public)
(secret)
(private)

stil
luidruchtig
druk
hear
(quiet)
(loud)
(busy)
automatisch
natuurlijk
stoffelijk
hear
(automatic)
(natural)
(material)

chemisch
electrisch
lichamelijk
hear
(chemical)
(electrical)
((body) physical)

medisch
politiek
militair
hear
(medical)
(political)
(military)

Alternates and Additions

gemakkelijk
moeilijk
beste
lieve
hear
(easy)
(difficult)
(dear (general))
(dear (more intimate))

compleet
gecompliceerd
nauw
wijd
hear - 2
(complete)
(complicated)
(narrow)
(wide)

serieus
gebroken
vriendelijk
speciaal
hear
(serious)
(broken (literally))
(kind, friendly)
(special)
gemiddeld
er tussenin
hear
(average)
(in-between)

Comparative and Superlative Degree

Very similar to English, Dutch in general adds -er to the basic form for the comparative degree, and -st is added for the superlative degree.
lang
langer
langst
hear
(long; tall)
(longer; taller)
(longest; tallest)

klein
kleiner
kleinst
hear
(small, little)
(smaller)
(smallest)

groot
groter
grootst
hear
(big, large)
(bigger, larger)
(biggest, largest)
[the words pictured]
Jan is groter dan Piet
Piet is even groot als Klaas
Wim is het grootst
hear - 2
(John is taller than Pete)
(Pete is as tall as Charlie)
(Bill is the tallest)
Many Dutchmen say "groter (etc.) als," but that is not correct.

See top of this page for adding an -e to most adjectives, and see my spelling page on double and single vowels and consonants.

There are of course a few exceptions, like in English with very common adjectives and adverbs, and often in a similar way:

goed
beter
best
hear
(good, well)
(better)
(best)

weinig
minder
minst
een beetje
minstens
hear
(little, few)
(less)
(least)
(a little)
(at least)

veel
meer
meest
hoogstens
hear
(much, many, a lot of)
(more)
(most)
(at most)
[A sign saying 'Klein Park']

Previous Everyday Dutch Home 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Words and Phrases for Travelers Next
Version 2: Nouns - Adjectives, Adverbs and Verbs - Prepositions (etc.): pictorial / list - Supplement

email - copyright © 1999-2007 Marco Schuffelen - All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, redistributed, or hotlinked to.
Don't be a dief (thief) - dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2