[The Face of Dutch]
Search my site: 'Like' the Hear Dutch Here website on Facebook - New material added: February 2013 Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Basic Dutch 4: Prepositions etc. (list)

Basic Dutch: Nouns - Adjectives, Adverbs and Verbs - Prepositions (etc.): pictorial / list - Supplement - Hear 2000 words (list)

This is not a good page to start learning Dutch. For prepositions, study the pictures page first.
For reference, looking up words, go to the alphabetic lists: English to Dutch - Dutch to English
This page mostly follows Ogden and Richards' selection and organisation of Basic English prepositions (etc.) - the alphabetic pages have more words.

The author's biographies on the front pages of Penguin books often had a phrase like 'He is married with two children.' This looks somewhat funny to a Dutchman: a pervert polygamist? (That cannot be) - because 'with' is usually translated into Dutch as 'met' - and Dutch says: getrouwd met click to hear for 'married to' - Hij is getrouwd met een Belgische click to hear ('he is married to a Belgian woman.') 'He is married with two children' translates (a bit longish) as: Hij is getrouwd en heeft twee kinderen click to hear - Prepositions can only rarely be translated straightforward, it's not often that preposition A in English can every time be translated as preposition B in Dutch.

about- om click to hear trees about the house bomen om het huis click to hear
much ado about nothing veel gedoe om niks click to hear
it's not about the money het gaat niet om het geld click to hear
but it is about the money het gaat wel om het geld click to hear
- rond click to hear trees about the house bomen rond het huis click to hear
at about four o'clock rond vier uur click to hear
- ongeveer click to hear about forty euro ongeveer veertig euro click to hear
at about 4 om ongeveer vier uur click to hear
- aan click to hear what are you thinking about? waar denk je aan? click to hear
- over click to hear the book is about dolphins het boek gaat over dolfijnen click to hear
above see over
across- over click to hear a bridge across the (city) canal een brug over de gracht click to hear

after- na click to hear after the war na de oorlog click to hear
after 8 o'clock na acht uur / na achten click to hear

against- tegen click to hear against a tree tegen een boom click to hear
are you for or against? ben je voor of tegen? click to hear

among- tussen click to hear among the trees in the forest tussen de bomen in het bos click to hear

at- op click to hear at this point op dit punt click to hear
at the moment op het moment click to hear
- aan click to hear we were at breakfast we zaten aan het ontbijt click to hear
there is someone at the door er is iemand aan de deur click to hear
- om click to hear we'll leave at six o'clock we gaan om zes uur weg click to hear
- in click to hear at that time all of us had long hair in die tijd hadden we allemaal lang haar click to hear
- naar click to hear he shot an arrow at the tree hij schoot een pijl naar de boom click to hear
they were looking at the clouds ze keken naar de wolken click to hear

before- voor click to hear it starts before eight o'clock het begint voor acht uur click to hear
before the war voor de oorlog click to hear
below see under
between- tussen click to hear B is between A and C B is tussen A en C click to hear
between 1940 and 1945 tussen 1940 en 1945 click to hear

by- van click to hear a painting by Van Gogh een schilderij van Van Gogh click to hear
- door click to hear the house was hit by a rocket het huis werd door een raket getroffen click to hear
- bij click to hear he was sitting by the window hij zat bij het raam click to hear

down- omlaag click to hear naar beneden click to hear we (glided) slid down we gleden omlaag click to hear
we went down in the elevator we gingen naar beneden met de lift click to hear

from- van click to hear far from home ver van huis click to hear
from 1940 to 1945 van 1940 tot 1945 click to hear
- uit click to hear I'm from the US Ik kom uit Amerika click to hear
I'm from England ik kom uit Engeland click to hear
- vanuit click to hear an attack from a country
is an attack by that country
een aanval vanuit een land
is een aanval door dat land click to hear

in- in click to hear in the house in het huis click to hear
in trouble in de problemen click to hear
- binnen click to hear are you coming in or would
you rather stay outside?
kom je binnen of wil
je buiten blijven? click to hear
- op click to hear in time op tijd click to hear

into- in click to hear - binnen click to hear he went into the house hij ging 't huis in click to hear
hij ging 't huis binnen click to hear

off- van click to hear [feet off the floor] start dancing! voetjes van de vloer click to hear
- van ... af click to hear he ball rolled off the table de bal rolde van de tafel af click to hear

on- op click to hear the book on the table het boek op de tafel click to hear
he proposal on the table het voorstel op tafel click to hear
on the roof op het dak click to hear
on time op tijd click to hear
a lizard on the wall en hagedis op de muur click to hear
- aan click to hear a picture on the wall een foto aan de muur click to hear

over, above- boven click to hear over the house boven 't huis click to hear
there was nobody above him er was niemand boven hem click to hear

through - door click to hear she came in through the bathroom window ze kwam binnen door het raam van de badkamer click to hear
- tot en met click to hear [up to and including] Monday through Friday maandag tot en met vrijdag click to hear

to- naar click to hear he's going to Rotterdam hij gaat naar Rotterdam click to hear
we went to a concert we gingen naar een concert click to hear
- tot click to hear from 9 to 6 van negen tot zes click to hear
to the last man tot de laatste man click to hear
- aan click to hear he gave a present to Joe hij gaf een cadeau aan Jo click to hear
equal in value to gelijkwaardig aan click to hear
- voor click to hear be kind to animals wees aardig voor dieren click to hear
attention to details aandacht voor details click to hear
they are a danger to world peace ze zijn een gevaar voor de wereldvrede click to hear
- op click to hear the answer to your question het antwoord op Uw vraag click to hear
- te click to hear he didn't have to prove himself hij hoefde zich niet te bewijzen click to hear
- -- we had to work hard we moesten hard werken click to hear

under, below- onder click to hear under the table onder de tafel click to hear
under the house onder het huis click to hear

up- omhoog click to hear naar boven click to hear we climbed up we klommen omhoog click to hear
we took the escalator up we gingen met de roltrap naar boven click to hear

with- met click to hear french fries with mayonaise patat met mayonaise click to hear
coffee with cream and sugar koffie met melk en suiker click to hear
- bij click to hear a cookie with your tea een koekje bij de thee click to hear

without- zonder click to hear french fries without mayonaise patat zonder mayonaise click to hear
without anaesthesia zonder verdoving click to hear
without much danger zonder veel gevaar click to hear


as- als click to hear as a Dutchman I'd say ... yes! als Nederlander zou ik zeggen ... ja! click to hear
as an example als voorbeeld click to hear
(because) - omdat click to hear as I am Dutch omdat ik Nederlands ben click to hear

for- voor click to hear flowers for Ella bloemen voor Elly click to hear
are you for or against? ben je voor of tegen? click to hear
- om ... te click to hear the best place for learning Dutch de beste plaats om Nederlands te leren click to hear
- -- they stayed for a week in Delft ze bleven een week in Delft click to hear
(because) - want click to hear for there was so much to see want er was zo veel te zien click to hear

of, 's- van click to hear the Mayor of Amsterdam de burgemeester van Amsterdam click to hear
Peet's mug de mok van Piet click to hear
my mother's husband de man van m'n moeder click to hear

than- dan click to hear 2 > 1 (2 is bigger than 1) twee is groter dan één click to hear
3 < 4 (3 is smaller than 4) drie is kleiner dan 4 click to hear
London is older than Berlin Londen is ouder dan Berlijn click to hear

till- tot click to hear let's wait till tomorrow laten we tot morgen wachten click to hear
up till now tot nu toe click to hear


a- een, 'n click to hear a day like all others, just another day een dag als alle andere click to hear
a man, a woman, a little child een man, een vrouw, een kindje click to hear
one- één click to hear [one time] once daily één keer per dag click to hear

the- de click to hear the man, the woman de man, de vrouw click to hear
- het click to hear 't click to hear the little child, the house het kindje, het huis click to hear
't kindje, 't huis click to hear


Adjectives often get an -E ending: enig / enige click to hear 'any' - elk / elke click to hear 'every' - ieder / iedere click to hear 'every' - ander / andere click to hear 'other' - zulk / zulke click to hear 'such' - more

all- alle click to hear all men are equal alle mensen zijn gelijk click to hear
- alles click to hear all was quiet alles was rustig click to hear
- de hele click to hear all day de hele dag click to hear
- geheel click to hear all in black geheel in 't zwart click to hear
- iedereen click to hear all are welcome iedereen is welkom click to hear

any - welke dan ook click to hear take any neem welke dan ook click to hear
- wat click to hear is there any food? is er wat te eten? click to hear
- -- do you have any wool? heb je wol? click to hear
- enig click to hear is there any connection? is er enig verband? click to hear
has there been any communication? is er enig contact geweest? click to hear
do you have any idea what it is? heb je enig idee wat het is? click to hear
has there been any progress? was er enige vooruitgang? click to hear
is there any improvement? is er enige verbetering? click to hear

not any- helemaal niet click to hear he is not any wiser hij was helemaal niet wijzer geworden click to hear
- helemaal geen click to hear I haven't any interest ik heb helemaal geen interesse click to hear
- geen enkele click to hear I haven't any interest ik heb geen enkele interesse click to hear

every- elk click to hear ieder click to hear every word was true elk woord was waar click to hear
every soldier has a mother iedere soldaat heeft een moeder click to hear
the sun comes up every day de zon komt iedere dag op click to hear

no- nee click to hear "Do you have bananas?" / "No." "Heeft U bananen?" / "Nee." click to hear
- geen click to hear there are no bananas er zijn geen bananen click to hear
there are no mountains in Holland er zijn geen bergen in Nederland click to hear

other- ander click to hear on the other side of the wall aan de andere kant van de muur click to hear
would you have another table? heeft U een ander tafeltje? click to hear
is there not another solution? is er niet een andere oplossing? click to hear
others- anderen click to hear some people think they have
more rights than others
sommige mensen denken dat ze
meer rechten hebben dan anderen click to hear

some- sommige click to hear some animals are more equal sommige dieren zijn meer gelijk click to hear
- wat click to hear can I have some flour? mag ik wat meel? click to hear
do you have some bread? heb je wat brood? click to hear

such- zulk click to hear such big feet zulke grote voeten click to hear
such a- zo een click to hear zo'n click to hear such a beautiful day zo'n mooie dag click to hear
he is such a good cook hij is zo'n goede kok click to hear
such ... as- zulke ... als click to hear such things as liquor (zulke) dingen als sterke drank click to hear
such things as liberty and equality zulke dingen als vrijheid en gelijkheid click to hear


When used as adjectives, 'dit' and 'deze' are 'this' and 'these' - but Dutch uses 'dit' for het-words, and deze for de-words, and all plurals; 'dat' and 'die' are 'that' and 'those' - but Dutch uses 'dat' for het-words, and die for de-words, and all plurals. see picture

that- die click to hear that car there die auto daar click to hear
- dat click to hear that house there dat huis daar click to hear
that is my house dat is mijn huis click to hear
that is my car dat is mijn auto click to hear
is it true that ...? is het waar dat ...? click to hear

those- die click to hear those words are easy die woorden zijn gemakkelijk click to hear
- dat click to hear those are my words dat zijn mijn woorden click to hear

this- deze click to hear this car here deze auto hier click to hear
- dit click to hear this house here dit huis hier click to hear
this is my house dit is mijn huis click to hear
this is my car dit is mijn auto click to hear

these- deze click to hear these words are hard deze woorden zijn moeilijk click to hear
- dit click to hear these are my words dit zijn mijn woorden click to hear


Personal Pronouns Basic English only has three personal pronouns: I, he and you. I'll give a few more:
ik
click to hear
I
je
click to hear
you
(singular,
informal)
hij
click to hear
he
ze
click to hear
she
't
click to hear
it
we
click to hear
we
jullie
click to hear
you
(plural,
informal)
ze
click to hear
they
U
click to hear
you
(polite)
simplified list (Supplement)

complete list (Lesson 7)

Dutchmen use a variety of personal pronouns. The extreme instance is second person singular 'you,' which can be can be 'jij,' 'je,' 'jou' - and the possessive 'your' is 'jouw' - but in almost all cases the simple 'je' is good enough, also as the possessive form. Likewise, use 'ze' for both 'she' and 'they.'

wie click to hear
'who'
iemand click to hear
'somebody'
niemand click to hear
'nobody'


and- en click to hear day and night dag en nacht click to hear
food and drink eten en drinken click to hear
pepper and salt peper en zout click to hear

because- omdat click to hear he was happy because the weather was fine hij was blij omdat het mooi weer was click to hear

but- maar click to hear strange but true raar maar waar click to hear
all men are equal but some are more equal alle mensen zijn gelijk, maar sommige zijn meer gelijk click to hear
older but not wiser ouder maar niet wijzer click to hear
he was honest but polite hij was eerlijk, maar beleefd click to hear
but for- behalve click to hear men are like animals but for their brains behalve hun hersens zijn mensen net dieren click to hear
but for his nose he looks like his grandmother behalve z'n neus lijkt hij op z'n oma click to hear

or- of click to hear now or never nu of nooit click to hear
would you like cheese or ham on your bread? wil je kaas of ham op je brood? click to hear


if- als click to hear if I were you I wouldn't go als ik jou was zou ik niet gaan click to hear
if not now, when?
[if you don't do it now, when are you?]
als je 't nu niet doet, wanneer dan wel? click to hear
if it rains, the game will be canceled als het regent wordt de wedstrijd afgelast click to hear

though- hoewel click to hear though it was raining he still went out without a coat hoewel 't regende ging hij toch zonder jas naar buiten click to hear
although the experiment was a failure, we still learned a lot hoewel de proef mislukte, hebben we toch veel geleerd click to hear
although he had worked hard, he failed the test hoewel hij hard gewerkt had, zakte hij voor het examen click to hear

while- terwijl click to hear he prepared dinnner while she played the piano hij maakte het avondeten terwijl zij piano speelde click to hear


Query Words: wie
click to hear
who
wat
click to hear
what
waar
click to hear
where
wanneer
click to hear
when
hoe
click to hear
how
waarom
click to hear
why
Simple Answers

In question mode, the verb comes before the subject.

who - wie click to hear who am I? wie ben ik? click to hear
who'll pay for that? wie zal dat betalen? click to hear

what - wat click to hear what's that? wat is dat? click to hear
what [do] did you say? (polite) wat zegt U? click to hear
what would you like to drink? wat wil je drinken? click to hear
- hoe click to hear what's the time? hoe laat is het? click to hear
- waar click to hear what are you [busy with] working on? waar ben je mee bezig? click to hear

where - waar click to hear where is the exit? waar is de uitgang? click to hear
where have you been?
(what places have you visited?)
waar ben je geweest? click to hear
where does the time go? waar blijft de tijd? click to hear 2

when - wanneer click to hear when is your birthday? wanneer ben je jarig? click to hear
when will you be home? wanneer kom je thuis? click to hear

how - hoe click to hear how do you do that? hoe doe je dat? click to hear
how are you? (informal) hoe gaat 't? click to hear
how is your Mother? hoe is 't met je moeder? click to hear
[how is it possible?] how can it be? hoe is 't mogelijk? click to hear

why - waarom click to hear why are bananas not straight? waarom zijn de bananen krom? click to hear
why are you angry? waarom ben je boos? click to hear


again- weer click to hear the sun came up again de zon kwam weer op click to hear
the engine is working again! de motor doet 't weer! click to hear

ever- ooit click to hear have you ever been to Memphis? ben je ooit in Memphis geweest? click to hear
if you ever come this way ... Als je ooit deze kant op komt ... click to hear

far- ver click to hear far from home ver van huis click to hear
it is not far to ... het is niet ver naar ... click to hear
he is far away hij is ver weg click to hear

forward- vooruit click to hear progress vooruitgang click to hear
because the wind was against us,
we only moved forward [with difficulty] slowly
door de tegenwind
kwamen we maar met moeite vooruit click to hear

here- hier click to hear here and there hier en daar click to hear
here it's warm - over there it's cold hier is 't warm - daar is 't koud click to hear
the entrance is here hier is de ingang click to hear

near- dicht bij click to hear he lives near the museum hij woont dicht bij het museum click to hear
we're near the border we zijn dicht bij de grens click to hear
- nabij click to hear the end is near 't einde is nabij click to hear
the distant future
and the near future
de verre toekomst
en de nabije toekomst click to hear

now- nu click to hear nou click to hear why are you here now? waarom ben je nu hier? click to hear
are you happy now? ben je nou blij? click to hear
now that's [been] enough! nou is 't wel genoeg geweest click to hear

out- uit click to hear he stepped out of the car hij stapte uit de auto click to hear
he walked out of the meeting hij liep uit de vergadering click to hear

still- nog click to hear it is still early het is nog vroeg click to hear
is there still enough time? is er nog genoeg tijd? click to hear
(nevertheless)- toch click to hear still, they worked together well toch konden ze goed samenwerken click to hear
though it was raining
he still went out without a coat
hoewel 't regende
ging hij toch zonder jas naar buiten click to hear

then- toen click to hear (past) .. and then it got dark
.. and then we [ate] had a meal
.. and then we had coffee
.. en toen werd het donker click to hear 2 3 4
.. en toen gingen we eten click to hear 2
.. en toen dronken we koffie click to hear
- dan click to hear (future) .. and then it gets dark
.. and then we'll [eat] have a meal
.. and then there'll be a party
.. and then it'll get exciting
.. en dan wordt 't donker click to hear 2 3
.. en dan gaan we eten click to hear 2
.. en dan is er feest click to hear
.. en dan wordt 't spannend click to hear

there- daar click to hear (over) there is a mailbox! daar is een brievenbus! click to hear >>
- er click to hear there is enough time er is genoeg tijd click to hear
once upon a time there was ... er was er eens ... click to hear

together- samen click to hear they did everything together ze deden alles samen click to hear

well- goed click to hear they knew him well ze kenden hem goed click to hear
red beets and spinach go together well bietjes en spinazie passen goed bij elkaar click to hear


almost- bijna click to hear we're almost there we zijn er bijna click to hear
it's almost ready het is bijna klaar click to hear

enough- genoeg click to hear it is good enough het is goed genoeg click to hear
there is enough food er is eten genoeg click to hear
er is genoeg eten click to hear 2

even- zelfs click to hear even in the shade it was warm zelfs in de schaduw was het warm click to hear
even if he had known that it was going to rain ... zelfs als hij geweten had dat het zou gaan regenen ... click to hear

few, little- weinig click to hear niet veel click to hear there are few whales left er zijn weinig walvissen over click to hear
there was little money er was weinig geld click to hear
he said little hij zei niet veel click to hear
- klein click to hear the little brother het kleine broertje click to hear

much, may- veel click to hear there was much money er was veel geld click to hear
much was said about freedom er werd veel gesproken over vrijheid click to hear
there were many complaints er waren veel klachten click to hear
many people speak English veel mensen spreken Engels click to hear

not- niet click to hear it is not true het is niet waar click to hear
I did not do it ik heb 't niet gedaan click to hear

only- enig click to hear this is the only chance dit is de enige kans click to hear
the only way out is up de enige uitweg is omhoog click to hear
[the only book that describes this well]
the only book to describe this well
het enige boek dat dit goed beschrijft click to hear
- alleen click to hear he only drank water hij dronk alleen water click to hear
- maar click to hear it only lasted 10 minutes 't duurde maar tien minuten click to hear

quite (rather) - nogal click to hear it is quite far het is nogal ver click to hear
(completely) - helemaal click to hear you are quite right U heeft helemaal gelijk click to hear

so- zo click to hear that is so old-fashioned! dat is zo ouderwets! click to hear
say that it ain't so zeg dat het niet zo is click to hear
(I gather) - dus click to hear so you want to learn Dutch? dus je wilt Nederlands leren? click to hear

very- erg click to hear they are very sensitive ze zijn erg gevoelig click to hear
he was very tired hij was erg moe click to hear

Basic Dutch: Nouns - Adjectives, Adverbs and Verbs - Prepositions (etc.): pictorial / list - Supplement

email - Copyright © Marco Schuffelen 2011. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, redistributed, or hotlinked to.
Don't be a dief (thief) / dievegge (female thief) - diefstal (theft) - stelen (to steal) - heler (dealer in stolen goods) - hear Dutch - 2